Women first organized and collectively fought for suffrage at the national level in July of 1848. Suffragists such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott convened a meeting of over 300 people in Seneca Falls, New York. In the following decades, women marched, protested, lobbied, and even went to jail. By the 1870s, women pressured Congress to vote on an amendment that would recognize their suffrage rights. This amendment became known as the 19th Amendment.
After decades of arguments for and against women's suffrage, Congress finally voted in favor of the 19th Amendment in 1919. This is called ratification. After Congress ratified the 19th Amendment, at least 36 states needed to vote in favor of it for it to become law.
On December 1, 1919, North Dakota voted in favor of the 19th Amendment. By August of 1920, 36 states (including North Dakota) approved the amendment, making women’s suffrage legal all across the country.
North Dakota Places of Women's Suffrage: North Dakota Executive Mansion
Built in 1884, the North Dakota Executive Mansion was the home of the governor. Twenty different governors lived in the house from 1893 up to 1960. Lynn Frazier served as the governor from 1917 to 1921 and lived in the house with his wife and children. In 1919, he ratified the 19th Amendment for the state of North Dakota, recognizing women’s suffrage rights. The house is now listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is open for tours by appointment.
Last updated: April 11, 2019