North Dakota and the 19th Amendment

State of North Dakota depicted in purple, white, and gold (colors of the National Woman’s Party suffrage flag) – indicating North Dakota was one of the original 36 states to ratify the 19th Amendment. Courtesy Megan Springate.
State of North Dakota depicted in purple, white, and gold (colors of the National Woman’s Party suffrage flag) – indicating North Dakota was one of the original 36 states to ratify the 19th Amendment. CC0

Women first organized and collectively fought for suffrage at the national level in July of 1848. Suffragists such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott convened a meeting of over 300 people in Seneca Falls, New York. In the following decades, women marched, protested, lobbied, and even went to jail. By the 1870s, women pressured Congress to vote on an amendment that would recognize their suffrage rights. This amendment became known as the 19th Amendment.

After decades of arguments for and against women's suffrage, Congress finally voted in favor of the 19th Amendment in 1919. This is called ratification. After Congress ratified the 19th Amendment, at least 36 states needed to vote in favor of it for it to become law.

On December 1, 1919, North Dakota voted in favor of the 19th Amendment. By August of 1920, 36 states (including North Dakota) approved the amendment, making women’s suffrage legal all across the country.

Flag of North Dakota
State flag of North Dakota

North Dakota Places of Women's Suffrage: North Dakota Executive Mansion

Built in 1884, the North Dakota Executive Mansion was the home of the governor. Twenty different governors lived in the house from 1893 up to 1960. Lynn Frazier served as the governor from 1917 to 1921 and lived in the house with his wife and children. In 1919, he ratified the 19th Amendment for the state of North Dakota, recognizing women’s suffrage rights. The house is now listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is open for tours by appointment.

Large house with a front yard. Photo: by Plazak, CC BY-SA 3.0

Discover More Places of Ratification

The North Dakota Executive Mansion is an important place in the story of ratification. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Pla

Sources used to make these state pages include: Ida Husted Harper's History of Woman Suffrage: 1900-1920, Volume 6 (1922), the National American Woman Suffrage Association papers (Library of Congress), and National Register nominations from the National Park Service.

Last updated: April 11, 2019