Missouri and the 19th Amendment

State of Missouri depicted in purple, white, and gold (colors of the National Woman’s Party suffrage flag) – indicating Missouri was one of the original 36 states to ratify the 19th Amendment. Courtesy Megan Springate.
State of Missouri depicted in purple, white, and gold (colors of the National Woman’s Party suffrage flag) – indicating Missouri was one of the original 36 states to ratify the 19th Amendment.

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Women fought for the right to vote since the mid-1800s. They marched, protested, lobbied, and even went to jail. By the 1870s, women pressured Congress to vote on an amendment that would give them suffrage rights. This amendment became known as the 19th Amendment.

After decades of arguments for and against women's suffrage, Congress finally voted in favor of the 19th Amendment in 1919. This is called ratification. After Congress ratified the 19th Amendment, at least 36 states needed to vote in favor of it for it to become law.

On July 3, 1919, Missouri ratified the Nineteenth Amendment. By August of 1920, 36 states (including Missouri) approved the proposal and it became law. The proposal, now the 19th Amendment, made women’s suffrage legal all across the country, including in Missouri.

Missouri Governor Frederick Gardner signing a resolution ratifying the 19th Amendment to U.S. Constitution. Missouri became the 11th state to ratify the amendment. Library of Congress.
Missouri Governor Frederick Gardner signing a resolution ratifying the 19th Amendment to U.S. Constitution. Missouri became the 11th state to ratify the amendment.

Library of Congress, Lot 5543 https://www.loc.gov/item/2003668342/

Missouri state flag
Missouri state flag. CC0
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