Massachusetts and the 19th Amendment

Massachusetts overlaid with the purple, white, and gold suffrage flag
State outline of Massachusetts, overlain with the purple, white, and gold suffrage flag indicating it was one of the original 36 states to ratify the 19th Amendment.

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Women first organized and collectively fought for suffrage at the national level in July of 1848. Suffragists such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott convened a meeting of over 300 people in Seneca Falls, New York. In the following decades, women marched, protested, lobbied, and even went to jail. By the 1870s, women pressured Congress to vote on an amendment that would recognize their suffrage rights. This amendment became known as the 19th Amendment.

After decades of arguments for and against women's suffrage, Congress finally voted in favor of the 19th Amendment in 1919. This is called ratification. After Congress ratified the 19th Amendment, at least 36 states needed to vote in favor of it for it to become law.

On June 25, 1919, Massachusetts voted in favor of the Nineteenth Amendment. By August of 1920, 36 states (including Massachusetts) ratified the amendment, giving women the right to vote.

State flag of Massachusetts
State flag of Massachusetts. CC0

Massachusetts Places of Women's Suffrage:
Margaret Fuller House

Margaret Fuller was an author from Massachusetts. Her most well-known essay, "Woman in the Nineteenth Century," was published in the 1840s. The essay supported feminism and was used as a primary source of information during the 1848 Women's Rights Convention in Seneca Falls, New York. Fuller's former home in Cambridge, Massachusetts is a National Historic Landmark. It currently serves as a community center.

Exterior photo of three-story Fuller House. Photo: by Midnightdreary - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0

Discover More Places of Ratification

The Margaret Fuller House is an important place in the story of ratification. It is designated as a National Historic Landmark.

Sources used to make these state pages include: Ida Husted Harper's History of Woman Suffrage: 1900-1920, Volume 6 (1922), the National American Woman Suffrage Association papers (Library of Congress), and National Register nominations from the National Park Service.

Last updated: April 11, 2019