Scrophulariaceae Cordylanthus wrightii

Cordylanthus wrightii
Cordylanthus wrightii

Family: Scrophulariaceae – Figwort Family

Annual herbs; 6” to 4' (15 to 120 cm) tall

Leaves: alternate; simple; leaves deeply divided into narrow segments; 0.4” to 1.4” (1 to 3.5 cm) long

Flowers: 4 or 5 pink or purple united tubular petals; 4 or 5 at least partially united tubular sepals, rarely 2 sepals ; bilaterally symmetrical; usually bisexual; 4 stamens; irregular tubular flowers with 2 lipped corollas (3 lobes down and 2 lobes up); 0.6” to 1.08” (15 to 27 mm) long

Pollinators: other genera in this family are pollinated by insects (specifically bees, flies, moths and butterflies)

Fruits: 2 chambered capsule (dry fruit)

Blooms in Arches National Park: August, September, October

Habitat in Arches National Park: often in sand in desert shrub, grassland, and pinyon-pine communities

Location seen: Bloody Mary wash near visitor center, Park Avenue trail, Delicate Arch road

Other: The genus name, “Cordylanthus”, is from the Greek “kordyle” which means “club” and “anthos” which means “flower” referring to the shape of the flower. The species name, “wrightii”, honors American botanical collector, Charles Wright (1811-1885).

The family is important because of many ornamentals and cardiac glycosides that can be derived from foxglove.

Last updated: February 24, 2015

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