Family: Scrophulariaceae – Figwort Family
Annual herbs; 6” to 4' (15 to 120 cm) tall
Leaves: alternate; simple; leaves deeply divided into narrow segments; 0.4” to 1.4” (1 to 3.5 cm) long
Flowers: 4 or 5 pink or purple united tubular petals; 4 or 5 at least partially united tubular sepals, rarely 2 sepals ; bilaterally symmetrical; usually bisexual; 4 stamens; irregular tubular flowers with 2 lipped corollas (3 lobes down and 2 lobes up); 0.6” to 1.08” (15 to 27 mm) long
Pollinators: other genera in this family are pollinated by insects (specifically bees, flies, moths and butterflies)
Fruits: 2 chambered capsule (dry fruit)
Blooms in Arches National Park: August, September, October
Habitat in Arches National Park: often in sand in desert shrub, grassland, and pinyon-pine communities
Location seen: Bloody Mary wash near visitor center, Park Avenue trail, Delicate Arch road
Other: The genus name, “Cordylanthus”, is from the Greek “kordyle” which means “club” and “anthos” which means “flower” referring to the shape of the flower. The species name, “wrightii”, honors American botanical collector, Charles Wright (1811-1885).
The family is important because of many ornamentals and cardiac glycosides that can be derived from foxglove.