Pinaceae Pinus edulis

Multiple images of pine trees with clusters of yellowish green cones.

Pinus edulis

Family: Pinaceae – Pine Family

Pinus edulis is the only species from this family represented at Arches National Park.

Evergreen tree, conifer 16.5' to 66' (5 to 20 m) tall; scaly bark

Leaves: Leaves spirally arranged; needles in groups of 2; 0.6” to 2” (1.5 to 5 cm) long

Flowers: conifer (see cone description under fruits)

Pollinators: wind; not self-fertile

Fruits: cones; male (staminate) cones, egg-shaped to elongate, 0.12” to 0.24” (3 to 6 mm) long; female (ovulate) cones yellowish-brown to brown, resinous, 0.8” to 2” (2 to 5 cm) long

Blooms in Arches National Park: May, June

Habitat in Arches National Park: desert shrub and pinyon-juniper communities

Location seen: Windows primitive trail, Devils Garden

Other: The genus name, “Pinus”, is Latin for "pine" and the species name, “edulis”, means “edible” referring to the highly nutritive seeds.

Last updated: January 20, 2023

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