Family: Liliaceae – Lily Family
Short perennial herbs at Arches National Park; from bulbs; stems annual; monocot
Leaves: parallel veined; mainly alternate; simple; narrow and grasslike; 1 to 3 leaves
Flowers: 3 white or purple petals; 3 petaloid sepals; bisexual; 6 stamens; 1 pistil; radially symmetrical; umbels with 3 to 8 flowers; flowers 0.48” to 0.84” (12 to 21 mm) long
Pollinators: other Androstephium species are pollinated by insects
Fruits: 3 chambered capsule; seeds black
Blooms in Arches National Park: April, May
Habitat in Arches National Park: desert shrub and pinyon-juniper communities
Location seen: Park Avenue, Broken Arch trail, Windows, Fiery Furnace, Lost Spring Canyon
Other: The genus name, “Androstephium”, is from the Greek "andros" meaning “stamen” and “stephanos” meaning “crown” referring to the apical appendages of the united filaments. The species name, “breviflorum”, means “short flowers”.
Yucca and aloe used to be in this family. The family is extremely complex. Some ornamentals and medicinally useful plants are in this family, but a few species are poisonous.