Family: Liliaceae – Lily Family
Perennial herbs from rhizomes, bulbs, or corms; stems annual; monocot
Leaves: parallel veined; mainly alternate; simple; narrow and grasslike; leaves up to 9” (22.8 cm) long
Flowers: 3 (white or pale pink with purple lines in center) petals; 3 petaloid sepals; 6 stamens; 1 pistil; 1 style; radially symmetrical; perfect; cluster of 5 to 54 flowers; flowers 0.2” to 0.36” (5 to 9 mm) long
Pollinators: bees and other insects
Blooms in Arches National Park: April, May
Habitat in Arches National Park: desert shrub and pinyon-juniper communities; often in seleniferous substrates
Location seen: Windows, Broken Arch trail
Other: The genus name, “Allium”, is Latin for garlic and means "to avoid" referring to the odor and flavor of the edible bulbs. The species name, “textile”, means “textile or fabric” referring to the dark brown, fabric-like fibers that loosely enclose the bulb.
Yucca and aloe used to be in this family. The family is extremely complex. Some ornamentals and medicinally useful plants are in this family, but a few species are poisonous.
Last updated: February 24, 2015