Visitor Center Outdoor Exhibits
Cannon of the Civil War were used for more than destruction of enemy lines; they were a symbol to all on the field. Major Robert Stiles, a Confederate artillerist, described the cannon's role: "The gun is the rallying point of the detachment, it's a point of honor, it's the flag, it's the banner. It is that to which men look, by which they stand, with and for which they fight, and for which they fall. As long as the gun is theirs, they are unconquered, victorious; when the gun is lost all is lost."
One hundred thousand troops, from 28 states, fought for control of Vicksburg and the Mississippi River. The memorials in Vicksburg National Military Park represent the admiration of a reunited nation.
Did You Know?
Thomas O. Selfridge, captain of the USS Cairo, commanded three boats which sank during the war. Each began with the letter "C"-Cumberland, Cairo, and Conestoga. The coincidence was noted after the Conestoga sank, and Selfridge was assigned to the USS Osage, which survived to the end of the war.