• East view from Crissy Field overlook with old Coast Guard station on left and city on right

    Presidio of San Francisco

    California

Mammals

Prior to the arrival of the Spanish in the late eighteenth century, the San Francisco peninsula was home to a wide variety of mammalian species, including grizzly bears and tule elk. Since then, physical changes to the environment--along with hunting and urbanization--led to the decline of the larger mammals. Today, the mammalian fauna of the Presidio is primarily composed of typical urban dwellers including squirrels, skunks and raccoons. A recent addition to the Presidio's wildlife is the coyote, several of which have been seen in the area recently. The mammals listed below are the most commonly sighted.
 
Common Name Scientific Name Group
Virginia Opossum Didelphis virginiana Marsupial
Gray Fox Urocyon cinereoagentus Canine
Red Fox Vulpes vulpes Canine
Coyote Canis latrans Canine
Striped Skunk Mephitis mephitis Weasel
Raccoon Procylon lotor Raccoon
House Mouse Mus musculus Rodent
Western Harvest Mouse Reithrodontomys megalotis Rodent
Roof Rat Rattus rattus Rodent
Valley Pocket Gopher Thomomys bottae Rodent
California Vole Microtus californicus Rodent
Fox Squirrel Sciurus niger Rodent
Vagrant Shrew Sorex vagrans vagrans Insectivore
Broad-Footed Mole Scapanus latimanus Insectivore
Hoary Bat Lasiurus cinereus Bat
Townsends Big-eared Bat Plecotus townsendii townsendii Bat

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Did You Know?

Franciscan monk

In 1776, Father Pedro Font wrote, "The port of San Francisco...is a marvel of nature, and might well be called a harbor of harbors...And I think if it could be well settled like Europe there would not be anything more beautiful in all the world."