• East view from Crissy Field overlook with old Coast Guard station on left and city on right

    Presidio of San Francisco


California Vole

California Vole
A California Vole near Fort Winfield Scott.
Will Elder, NPS

Natural History: The California Vole feeds on grasses and sedges. It constructs burrows to live in. It is a species that breeds year round, producing an average of 4 to 8 young per litter.

General Distribution: Within the Presidio this species is found in annual and serpentine grasslands, coastal and dune scrub, forests with blackberry thickets or ferns, Monterey Pine, and Monterey Cypress woodlands.

Frequency: This species is abundant in the Presidio.

Identifying Characteristics: The California Vole can be identified by its dark grayish to brown coat with a short bicolor tail and contrasting pale feet. Its typical size ranges from 120 to 140 mm in length.


Did You Know?

The Presidio Forest

The Presidio occupies 1,491 acres in northern San Francisco and welcomes over five million visitors annually.