Natural History: The raccoon is primarily nocturnal and omnivorous. It builds dens in places such as hollow trees, logs, and burrows. Its breeding season runs from January through March. The offspring are born between April and May. This mammal is highly adaptable and very tolerant of humans.
General Distribution: This species is widespread on the Presidio grounds. It is frequently found in annual grasslands, coastal and dune scrub, forests, buildings, lawns, and rocky tidal areas.
Frequency: Within the Presidio this species is common.
Identifying Characteristics: The raccoon can be distinguished by its speckled brown body. Another characteristic is its black mask and ringed tail. Its size runs from 50 to 100 cm in length, including the tail.
Did You Know?
Major Jonathan Letterman--after whom the hospital at the Presidio was renamed in 1911--was the medical director of the Army of the Potomac. A founding father of military medicine, Letterman organized forward first-aid stations, mobile field hospitals, and ambulance services during the Civil War.