Visible remnants of Hopewell culture are concentrated in the Scioto River valley near the present-day city of Chillicothe, Ohio. The most striking Hopewell sites contain earthworks in the form of circles, squares, and other geometric shapes. Many of these sites were built to a monumental scale, with earthen walls up to 12 feet high outlining geometric figures more than 1,000 feet across. Conical and loaf-shaped earthen mounds up to 30 feet high are often found in association with the geometric earthworks. Hopewell Culture National Historical Park preserves five earthwork complexes: High Bank Works, Hopeton Earthworks, Hopewell Mound Group, Mound City Group, and Seip Earthworks.
Did You Know?
The term "Hopewell" derives from the farm where excavations of an earthwork site (Hopewell Mound Group) occurred in 1891-1892 under the direction of Warren K. Moorehead. The property was owned by a local dry goods merchant and former Confederate Army soldier, Mordecai Cloud Hopewell.