• Sunset view of Glacier Bay and the surrounding Fairweather Mountains.

    Glacier Bay

    National Park & Preserve Alaska

Glacier Bay as Homeland

Discovering the Essence

Most visitors approach Glacier Bay with an eye to capturing something new - perhaps a first glimpse of anice-blue glacier, a few days of solitude in wilderness waters, or peaceful moments walking through the towering forests of Bartlett Cove. Even those who return again and again have the opportunity to experience some new sight or sound, to reflect on some newly awoken feeling.

But for the Huna Tlingit, Glacier Bay is a place not just of new discoveries, but of reconnection with the lifeways, knowledge, and ancestors of the past. It is a land that sustained them with a rich abundance of fish, wildlife, and plants, but more importantly a place that continues to sustain them through stories, songs, dances, and ongoing traditional practices. Although most Huna Tlingit today live across Icy Strait in the modern village of Hoonah, Glacier Bay remains their spiritual homeland. Their ancient stories and place names speak eloquently of the history of their beloved bay.

Traditionally, four Huna Tlingit clans occupied territories in and around Glacier Bay. When Glacier Bay became a national monument in 1925, its borders encompassed much of the traditional HunaTlingit homeland. New federal laws severely curtailed Native activities within the monument boundaries. So began a painful period of strained relations betweenthe Huna Tlingit and the National Park Service.

But time has brought much healing. In recent years, the National Park Service has maintained an open dialogue with the Huna Tlingit and has actively encouraged tribal members to return to the park to carry out traditional activities that are compatible with current regulations, such as berry picking, fishing, and shellfish harvesting. Each year, the park sponsors a range of cultural trips which allow Hoonah youth, elders,and other tribal members the opportunity to reconnect with Glacier Bay and share their knowledge of, and experiences with, this place that figures so prominently in their spiritual lives. In a few years, a traditional tribal house will serve as an anchor for tribal members, commemorating the clan houses that once lined the shores of Bartlett Cove and other locations within the park.

 

 
Eagle carving on spruce tree in Bartlett Cove.

Although the Huna Tlingit no longer live permanently in Glacier Bay, you will find tangible evidence of their presence in and around Bartlett Cove. The sea otter hunting canoe on display next to the Visitor Information Station was carved by a team of Native carvers in 1987. Look for two Tlingit trail markers carved into living spruce trees nearGlacier Bay Lodge; one on the trail leading down to the dock from the lodge and the other along the Forest Loop Trail. These carvings serve as reminders ofancient ties to the land. But a perceptive visitor might also sense the intangible aspects of the Tlingit's enduring connection to homeland. As you explore Bartlett Cove, allow yourself to hear the beat of traditional drums and thevoices of ancestors recounting ancient clan stories.

Ultimately, we will each carry within us slightly different versions of the essence that is Glacier Bay. We each have the opportunity for new discoveries - or rediscoveries - of the wonders of this special place.

Did You Know?

Lichen

A 2013 study identified 560 species of lichen in Glacier Bay National Park, with 44 species that appear to be new to science.