*A backcountry permit is not required within the Buffalo National River.
*Pets are not permitted on trails, in backcountry, or wilderness areas.
*The possession or use of glass containers in caves, on trails or waterways, or within 100 ft (30.48 meters) of any river or stream in the park is prohibited.
*Do not cut or carve live vegetation.
*Do not drive nails into trees to hang lanterns.
*Do not leave flagging or other markings hanging in trees to mark your route. Trails are marked with white blazes for hiking only and yellow blazes for hiking/horse riding.
*No camping is allowed within ½ mile (805 meters) of any National Park Service developed area unless it is in a designated campsite.
*Camping is not permitted in or near historic sites and buildings, in hayfields or pastures, or in abandoned buildings or on private land. (Note: All fields in the Boxley Valley are private land and camping is not permitted in this area.)
*No person or party is allowed to camp at Buffalo National River for more than 30 consecutive days in a calendar year.
*Camping is prohibited in all caves and rock shelters within Buffalo National River, as well as, the entire length of the Lost Valley Trail.
*Select campsites that are on a durable surface.
*When camping along the river, gravel bars are ideal campsites just be sure you have an escape route to higher ground in case the river comes up at night.
*When backpacking and not camping on a gravel bar, select a site that is at least 50 feet off the trail and 100 feet away from a waterway.
*When leaving your campsite, check the area to pick up any stray bits of trash. Try to make it look like you were never there.
*Bathing with soap or shampoos is not allowed in the river or streams.
*Collect a bucket or pan of water and wash up at least 100 feet from a waterway to prevent polluting the streams.
*When disposing of human feces dig a hole in organic soil at least 100 feet from a waterway and cover the feces and toilet paper with organic soil. This will prevent water pollution and improves sanitation in camp.
*Bury the food scraps in organic soil away from camp and haul out the trash.
*Use only dead and down wood.
*Practice "Leave No Trace" principles by using wood no larger in diameter than your wrist.
*The use of hand saws, axes or other types of non-motorized devices is allowed.
*The use of chain saws or power saws is prohibited.
*If a fire ring is present in your camp, use it. Do not build new fire rings.
*Fires can be built directly on the ground, in a fire pan, or on a sand mound. When the fire is extinguished, nearly all evidence of the fire can easily be obliterated or scattered.
*Completely extinguish the fire before leaving camp.
*Do not attempt to burn your trash and garbage in the fire.
*Food scraps generally do not burn completely.
*Plastic rarely burns completely and gives off highly toxic compounds when burned.
*Aluminum, glass, and steel do not burn.
*During certain periods of high fire danger, campfires in the wilderness and backcountry may be prohibited unless they are contained in a barbecue grill.