How It Is Now
Amongst its three mission sites, Tumacácori National Historical Park is the only National Park Service unit displaying an entire, original institutionalized Spanish mission landscape including
- a cabecera
- a visita
- a ranchería
- a ganadera (a cattle ranch or livestock operation)
Mission Los Santos Ángeles de Guevavi is the only preserved earthen Jesuit cabecera in the United States. It has well-preserved associated cultural sites and features, which include an associated village site. The site of Guevavi is relatively undisturbed with few post-Jesuit mission period archeological resources present. Guevavi has remnants of the first mission church built in what is today Arizona. The church is the only known standing Jesuit earthen mission architecture found in the United States.
Mission San Cayetano de Calabazas includes the only known remaining standing Spanish colonial visita in the national park system. Calabazas preserves a history of diverse and extensive adaptive reuse including a mission period visita and ganadera, Mexican governor’s residence, U.S. cavalry camp, customs house, and a post office.