Theodore Roosevelt Area Wildlife

Habitat Areas

As you walk along the trails throughout the Theodore Roosevelt Area, you will pass through
several habitats. Below is a list of dominant plants throughout the different habitats.

Fresh Water Swamp Plants

Buttonbush
Wax myrtle
Fetter bush
Virgina willow
Red maple
Blackgum
Loblolly bay

Salt Marsh

Needlerush
Saltmarsh cordgrass

Scrub

Myrtle oak
Chapman’s oak
Staggerbrush
Sand live oak
Saw palmetto
Rosemary

Maritime Hammock

Overstory
Laurel oak
Live oak
Southern red cedar
Cabbage palm
Pignut hickory
Loblolly pine

Understory
Red bay
American holly
Wild olive
Basswood
Sparkleberry
Yaupon
Buckthorn

Mammals

These are some of our furry friends that live in the Theodore Roosevelt Area.
Opossum
Armadillo
Gray squirrel
Raccoon
River otter
Bobcat
Cotton tail rabbit
Marsh rabbit
Eastern mole
Field mice
Cotton rat

Reptiles

Keep a close eye out for these often hard-to-find reptiles!

Alligator
Gopher tortoise
Turtles and Terrapins
Striped musk turtle
Musk turtle
Box turtle
Chicken turtle
Diamondback terrapin
Lizards
Grass lizard
Anole
Fence lizard
Racerunner lizard
Skinks
Broadhead skink
Ground skink
Snakes
Black racer
Coachwhip
Garter snake
Rat snake
Corn snake
Red bellied snake
Scarlet king snake
Hognose snake
Coral snake
Eastern diamondback rattlesnake
Pygmy rattlesnake
Cottonmouth

Amphibians

Amphibians live part of their life in water and part on land.

Frogs
Leopard frog
Bronze frog
Gopher frog
Pig frog
Squirrel tree frog
Green tree frog
Barking tree frog
Pine woods tree frog
Spring peeper
Cricket frog
Little grass frog
Green house frog
Toads
Spadefoot toad
Narrowmouth toad
Ground toad
Oak toad
Salamanders
Mole salamander
Dusky salamander

Birds

Many birds reside all-year round in the Theodore Roosevelt Area, and some pass through
with the seasons.

Permanent Residents
American egret
Snowy egret
Great blue heron
Little blue heron
Tri-colored heron
Black-crowned night heron
White ibis
Black skimmer
Wood stork
Clapper rail
Brown pelican
Royal tern
Osprey
Red-railed hawk
Long-billed marsh wren
Seaside sparrow
Red-winged blackbird
Yellow-throated warbler
Black and white warbler
Downy woodpecker
Blue jay
Red-shouldered hawk
Great horned owl
Tufted titmouse
Carolina chickadee
Winter residents
Greater yellowlegs
Western sandpiper
Least sandpiper
Winter Residents, continued
Black-bellied plover
Ruddy turnstone
Short-billed dowitcher
Virginia rail
Lesser scaup
Green-winged teal
Red-breasted merganser
Kestrel
Forsters tern
Northern harrier
Northern flicker
Ruby-crowned kinglet
Saltmarsh sharptailed sparrow
Yellow-bellied sapsucker
Eastern phoebe
Chipping sparrow
Common grackle
Summer Residents
Painted bunting
Summer tanager
Parula warbler
Red-eyed vireo
White-eyed vireo
Great-crested flycatcher
Roseate spoonbill
Swallow-tailed kite
Gull-billed tern
Least tern
Barn swallow

Salt Marsh Invertebrates


The waters in the Theodore Roosevelt Area have helped to sustain human life for thousands
of years. Some of animals that support the environment are listed below.

Oyster
Side swimmers
Fish lice
Barnacles
Ribbed mussel
Squid
Periwinkle snail
Marine worms
Crabs
Blue crab
Fiddle crab
Marsh crab
Stone crab
Shrimp
White shrimp
Pink shrimp
Brown shrimp
Grass shrimp
Snapping shrimp

Last updated: February 1, 2018

Contact the Park

Mailing Address:

12713 Fort Caroline Road
Jacksonville, FL 32225

Phone:

904-641-7155

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