Last updated: November 2, 2018
- Grade Level:
- Upper Elementary: Third Grade through Fifth Grade
- Literacy and Language Arts,Social Studies
- Lesson Duration:
- 60 Minutes
- State Standards:
- NATIONAL/STATE STANDARDS:
North Carolina Music Essential Standards: 2.CR.1.1
North Carolina Social Studies Essential Standards: 2.H.1.3
North Carolina ELA Common Core: RF 2.4; SL 2.1; SL 2.2; RI 2.1
- Thinking Skills:
- Remembering: Recalling or recognizing information ideas, and principles. Understanding: Understand the main idea of material heard, viewed, or read. Interpret or summarize the ideas in own words. Applying: Apply an abstract idea in a concrete situation to solve a problem or relate it to a prior experience.
How are songs and music influenced by our country's history?
Students will deliver a group oral presentation and read passages fluently with changes in tone, voice, timing, and expression using echo reading.
Everyone knows the song "Yankee Doodle," but no one knows who wrote it. Most musical historians agree that it was composed in the 1750s. In 1755, a British soldier sang the song while he was making fun of tired, dirty American soldiers who fought with the British against the French and Indians. The song makes fun of Americans for thinking that a feather was as attractive as a macaroni hairstyle. Twenty years later, American soldiers fighing in the Revolutionary War sang the song as they marched into battle against the British. Bands played it at sites of military victories, and the song became an unofficial national anthem.
Review the Background Information and Procedure sections.
Print and provide students with the following: Yankee Doodle lyrics
- Give each student a copy of the "Yankee Doodle" lyrics. Read the song aloud, modeling fluent reading. If possible, have students listend to a recording of the song after your reading.
- Read the poem as an echo reading with the class. You read two lines, and the students read them back to you. Continue until you have read the entire poem.
- Ask students to look for clues in the text that tell them how to read it (e.g. commas, exclamation marks, periods, or repetition).
- Place the students into groups of four. Each group will be responsible for presenting an echo reading to the class. Then, the class will vote on which group gave the most energetic and interesting performance. If you want to, you could assign specific roles to these groups. One group could act as the British, using the song to taunt the colonists. The other could say the song as colonists who adopted the song as their own. This give them real reasons for the tones and inflections they will use.
Discuss unfamiliar vocabulary encountered in the text: Some possible words are listed below. After identifying the difficult words, discuss them within the context of the text.
Yankee - a term for peple from New England
doodle - another word for fool
cap - a type of hat
macaroni - the tal hairstyle worn by fashionable people in London
dandy - a person who spends a lot of time making sure they look good
handy - clever
hasty pudding - a British porridge
- Discuss the meaning of the poem for comprehension and further analyze the lyrics. Ask what "went to town," "mind the music and the step," "with the girls be handy" mean. Find out who Captain Gooding was. Then, group students in pairs. Have them complete the activity sheet,
- Divide the class into 4 groups. Assign the first, second, and fthird stanzas to three groups. Assign the refrain to the fourth group. Students will practice reading the poem aloud and perform it for other classes. They can design props such as tricorn caps with a feather stuck in them, a uniform for Washington, or characters dressed in period clothing. You might even want to find a recipe for hasty pudding to try. Other historic patriotic songs could be included in the presentation as well.