National Parks and Public Lands Legacy Restoration Fund

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Road construction site with many people and large equipment
Improvements to railway tour bus staging area near the Historic Grand Canyon Depot

NPS / Michael Quinn

The National Parks and Public Lands Legacy Restoration Fund (Legacy Restoration Fund) established by the Great American Outdoors Act provides the National Park Service with up to $1.3 billion each year for five years, or $6.5 billion total, to address extensive and long overdue maintenance needs. The network of roads, trails, restrooms, water treatment systems, and visitor facilities in national parks is aging and often exceeds the capacity for which it was designed.

This is an extraordinary opportunity for crucial investments in our nation’s most meaningful landscapes. The projects address key climate and environmental threats, upgrade trails, roads and buildings, support local economies, and leverage partnerships. The historical, natural, recreational and educational features in national parks are being protected and preserved for the use and enjoyment of current and future visitors.

In Fiscal Year 21, GAOA provided approximately one billion dollars for 83 projects in 31 parks in 26 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. View fiscal year 2021 and 2022 Legacy Restoration Fund projects.

The 2022 budget outlines plans to spend $1.25 billion on 36 large projects in 14 states, including major road rehabilitation in six parks and water system upgrades in 11 parks. View the data sheets of the 2022 projects.

Concept drawing of a visitor center

Legacy Restoration Fund Projects

Take a closer look at GAOA's Legacy Restoration Fund's individual projects as they get underway.

Aerial view of the Thomas Jefferson Memorial next to the Tidal Basin

GAOA News Releases

Members of the media can find news releases about GAOA and specific projects related to National Park Service parks and programs.

Great American Outdoors Act Delivering Benefits to You infographic; detailed alternative text is on the webpage

Graphic designed by National Park Service

The image is an infographic titled "Great American Outdoors Act Delivering Benefits to You". It includes various national park-related illustrations including a backpacker and visitor in a wheelchair on a trail to a historic building, a hiker climbing a forested trail near a mountain range, and an eagle soaring above the mountains and sunset. Text throughout the graphic reads:

"The Great American Outdoors Act authorizes up to $1.3 billion per year from FY 2021 - FY 2025 for crucial infrastructure investments."

"These funds and projects help revitalize your national parks and generate billions in economic activity in communities across the nation by: supporting 43,700 jobs, creating $3 billion in labor market, and contributing $4.7 billion to the nation's gross domestic product."

"The Great American Outdoors Act established the National Parks and Public Land Legacy Restoration Fund (LRF)."
 

GAOA Projects at a Glance

The below table presents the fiscal year 2021 (October 2021-September 2022) and fiscal year 2022 (October 2022-September 2023) summary of Legacy Restoration Fund projects by count and funding estimate. In fiscal year 2021, the Maintenance Action Team (MAT) program is presented as one Legacy Restoration Fund project, although it consists of 80 unique maintenance activities in 59 parks.

Land Legacy Restoration Fund Fiscal Years 2021 and 22 Project Summary

Funding Year Small Projects (<$10M) Count Small Projects (<$10M) Funding Estimate Large Projects (>$10M) Count Large Projects (>$10M) Funding Estimate MAT Count MAT Funding Estimate Total Count Total Funding Estimate
2021 17 $92.8M 30 $1.04B 1 $14.1M 48 $1.15B
2022 8 $67.3M 28 $922.8M 0 $- 36 $990.1M






These projects provide a sample of those initiated in national parks throughout the country in 2021. See below for complete lists of 2021 and 2022 National Park Service GAOA projects.

Fiscal Year 2021 Projects

Fiscal Year 2021 (October 2020-September 2021) National Park Service Great American Outdoors Act projects are listed below. They can be sorted by park name, state, or estimated funding amount in millions. View the data sheets of the 2021 projects.

A table that lists fiscal year 2021's Great American Outdoors Act projects
ParkStateProject DescriptionFunding Estimate (in millions)
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Fiscal Year 2022 Projects

Fiscal Year 22 (October 2021-September 2022) National Park Service Great American Outdoors Act projects are listed below. They can be sorted by park name, state, or estimated funding amount in millions. View the list of 2022 projects.

The table is a list of Great American Outdoors Act projects for fiscal year 2022.
ParkStateProject DescriptionFunding Estimate (in millions)
Download This Dataset

Fiscal Year 2023 Projects

Proposed Fiscal Year 23 (October 2022-September 2023) National Park Service Great American Outdoors Act projects are listed below. They can be sorted by park name, state, or estimated funding amount in millions.

List of Proposed GAOA Projects for FY23
ParkStateProject Description Funding Estiamte (in millions)
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How the National Park Service Selects GAOA Projects

GAOA’s Legacy Restoration Fund is the largest funding source available to the National Park Service for major maintenance and construction. It addresses necessary large-scale projects on a level that could not be met through usual funding sources.

The project selection criteria include:

  • Addressing large projects that have been delayed because the cost exceeds funding capabilities
  • Readiness and capacity to do the job

The National Park Service dedicated $14.1 million from the fiscal year 2021 Legacy Restoration Fund program to address smaller deferred maintenance needs that impact 59 small and medium-sized parks in 33 states through National Park Service Maintenance Action Teams (MAT). Experienced and skilled tradespeople cost effectively address necessary small to medium sized projects.

Legacy Restoration Funding by State in Fiscal Years 2021 and 2022 (Including Fiscal Year 2021 MAT Projects)

Graphic showing Legacy Restoration Fund funding by state; detailed alternative text on the page next to the graphic

NPS Image

The image is a graphic titled "Legacy Restoration Funding by State in Fiscal Years 2021 and 2022 (Including Fiscal Year 2021 M.A.T. Projects". It is a map of the United States that is color-coded various to indicate the total G.A.O.A. Legacy Restoration Fund dollar amount of projects happening within each state. 
 
Information provided by a color-coded key indicates states are grouped in the following dollars-received amounts: 

The following states shaded white received $0 in Legacy Restoration Fund funding: Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, and South Dakota. 

The following states and territories shaded yellow received less than $10 million in Legacy Restoration Fund funding: Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Hawaii, Indiana, Louisiana, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, South Carolina, U.S. Virgin Islands, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wisconsin.  

The following states and territories shaded orange received greater than $10 million in Legacy Restoration Fun funding: Alaska, Kentucky, Maryland, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, North Dakota, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico, Tennessee, and Utah. 

The following states shaded green received greater than $50 million in Legacy Restoration Fun funding: Colorado, Florida, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Texas, and Washington 

The following states shaded blue received greater than $100 million in Legacy Restoration Fun funding: Arizona, California, Mississippi, and North Carolina.  

The following states shaded red received greater than $300 million in Legacy Restoration Fun funding: Virginia and Wyoming. 

Related Resources

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    GAOA News & Stories

    As GAOA projects get underway, stay up to date with news releases and discover stories about how GAOA is making a difference.

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    Land and Water Conservation Fund

    The Land and Water Conservation Fund gives back to communities by providing grants to protect local lands and waters.

Last updated: October 20, 2022