National Parks and Public Lands Legacy Restoration Fund

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Road construction site with many people and large equipment
Improvements to railway tour bus staging area near the Historic Grand Canyon Depot

NPS / Michael Quinn

The National Parks and Public Lands Legacy Restoration Fund (Legacy Restoration Fund) established by the Great American Outdoors Act provides the National Park Service with up to $1.33 billion each year for five years, or $6.5 billion total, to address extensive and long overdue maintenance needs. The network of roads, trails, restrooms, water treatment systems, and visitor facilities in national parks is aging and often exceeds the capacity for which it was designed.

This is an extraordinary opportunity for crucial investments in our nation’s most meaningful landscapes. The projects address key climate and environmental threats, upgrade trails, roads and buildings, support local economies, and leverage partnerships. The historical, natural, recreational and educational features in national parks are being protected and preserved for the use and enjoyment of current and future visitors.

In Fiscal Year 2021 and 2022 the Legacy Restoration Fund program supports 84 projects with a total funding estimate of $2.18 billion. View the fiscal year 2021 and proposed fiscal year 2022 Legacy Restoration Fund projects.

The proposed 2022 budget outlines plans to spend $1.25 billion on 36 large projects in 14 states, including major road rehabilitation in six parks and water system upgrades in 11 parks. View the data sheets of the proposed 2022 projects.

GAOA Projects at a Glance

The below table presents the fiscal year 2021 (October 2021-September 2022) and fiscal year 2022 (October 2022-September 2023) summary of Legacy Restoration Fund projects by count and funding estimate. Note that in fiscal year 2021, the Maintenance Action Team (MAT) program is presented as one Legacy Restoration Fund project, although it consists of 80 unique maintenance activities in 59 parks.

Land Legacy Restoration Fund Fiscal Years 2021 and 22 Project Summary

Funding Year Small Projects (<$10M) Count Small Projects (<$10M) Funding Estimate ($000) Large Projects (>$10M) Count Large Projects (>$10M) Funding Estimate ($000) MAT Count MAT Funding Estimate ($000) Total Count Total Funding Estimate ($000)
2021 17 $92,847 30 $1,042,682 1 $14,113 122 $1,149,642
2022 8 $67,347 28 $967,207 0 $- 32 $1,034,554






These projects provide a sample of those initiated in national parks throughout the country in 2021. See below for complete lists of 2021 and proposed 2022 National Park Service GAOA projects.

Acadia National Park, Maine: Replace Maintenance Facilities at McFarland Hill Headquarters - $26,872,216 

This project will construct a new maintenance operations complex and demolish more than 20,000 square feet of unsafe park structures. The current maintenance structures are structurally unsound, undersized, and inadequate and do not meet accessibility, fire, egress, and code compliance requirements. The structures are not sufficient to perform the necessary level of daily effort to support the park’s current visitation in a safe and code compliant environment.  

Fort Vancouver National Historic Site, Washington: Rehabilitate Historic Main Parade Ground Barracks Building, Parking Areas, and Pathways for Visitor and Tenant Use - $19,777,327

This project will completely rehabilitate the three-story, 33,000 square foot large barracks in the east portion of the historic Vancouver Barracks. When complete, the National Park Service will lease the facility to an external party, generating rental income. Significant upgrades and rehabilitation work is required to meet current codes. Work includes repairs and rehabilitation of the exterior envelope, heating, cooling, lighting, fire protection alarms and sprinklers. An elevator will be added and interior finishes will be addressed. The rehabilitation will incorporate sustainability and energy efficiency principles while preserving the historic fabric and character defining features.  

The Barracks Building is one of four iconic large barracks buildings built in 1907 that face Fort Vancouver’s Main Parade Ground. These are large and commanding structures with colonnaded fenestrations that present the grandeur of early 20th century U.S. Army posts. Site work will include rehabilitating associated campus parking lots to provide tenant and visitor parking, constructing pedestrian circulation routes to meet accessibility codes, improving pedestrian circulation and restoring the cultural landscape. The rehabilitation will include the parking areas north of McClellan Road, east of Fort Vancouver Way. Work includes regrading, base preparation, asphalt, striping, signage, storm drainage, site lighting and concrete sidewalks. Landscaping and lighting will be compatible with the historic cultural landscape. Rehabilitation provides the parking needs for tenants and visitors for the overall campus adaptive reuse of historic structures and specifically accommodate accessible parking and routes. 

Gateway National Recreation Area, New Jersey and New York: Replace Shoreline Stabilization Structures at Sandy Hook and Jacob Riis - $28,287,497 

This project will replace or repair two seawalls protecting multiple historic buildings, two major roads, two multi-purpose paths, two parking lots, a ferry dock, and a lift station.  

In New York’s Jamaica Bay Unit, the project will repair the Beach Channel Drive Seawall, drainage, and adjacent trail. The replacement of the tongue and groove sheathing on the backside of the seawall and replacement of foundation will prevent washouts. The seawalls at Sandy Hook protect critical infrastructure and historic structures within a National Landmark District.   

The Riis Park Seawall at Jamaica Bay protects critical infrastructure including a major city thoroughfare and a 9,000 car parking lot adjacent to a heavily used park beach site.  

Glacier National Park, Montana: Rehabilitate Final 9.3 miles of the Going-to-the-Sun Road & Replace Bridge Over McDonald Creek - $17,147,220 

This project will accomplish two major rehabilitations. The first rehabilitation involves a portion of the Going-to-the-Sun Road from the foot of Lake McDonald to the intersection with the North Lake McDonald Road. The Going-to-the-Sun Road is a critical transportation asset for Glacier National Park as the only roadway that provides an east-west link across the park, traversing the Continental Divide. It is the primary roadway that park visitors use to access and enjoy the park’s scenic views. This project will include the following improvements: geometry, curve widening, super-elevation on the horizontal alignment for transition zones, and addressing limited distances between curves. Pavement friction will be improved and traffic control devices will be enhanced. Also, fiber optic cable and conduit will be extended from outside of the park to serve Apgar Village and park headquarters to support connection to future fiber optic service installed by the utility provider.  

The second rehabilitation is to replace the bridge over Upper McDonald Creek that services several visitor access points, a ranger station, and landowner residences. This project will demolish the existing bridge and replace it with a 270-foot long clear span, highway rated bridge. Demolition eliminates a seriously under-rated historic glulam bridge.  The new bridge will be 27-feet wide, single lane in keeping with the historic character of the current bridge and have viewing sidewalks on both sides of the bridge.

Theodore Roosevelt National Park, North Dakota: South Unit Scenic Loops Slide Repair - $38,325,000 

This project will repair the South Unit Scenic Road (Route 11) in Theodore Roosevelt National Park. The project will evaluate and address multiple major roadway failure points, drainage systems, road base rebuild, and asphalt resurfacing along this corridor. This segment of the road has been inaccessible to all traffic (vehicle, bicycle, and pedestrian) since the summer of 2019 following a series of slides that have continued to degrade the roadway. Repairs and restoration of access will allow park visitors to drive the full scenic drive. Before the road was closed, approximately 85 percent of the South Unit’s visitors traveled the loop road as part of the experience in the park.   

Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming: Rehabilitate Exteriors of Historic Fort Yellowstone Buildings – $22,331,400 

This project will address the deterioration of the Fort Yellowstone Upper Mammoth Historic Housing exteriors. Work includes replacing roof systems including underlayment, flashing, drip edges, roof finishes (metal, wood shingle, tile), cornices, fascia, trim gutters, and downspouts. The project will repair failed foundations; repair and refinish windows; install new storm windows; repair or replace front and rear porches to include steps and railing; repair or replace front and rear entry sidewalks; repair or rebuild chimneys including the replacement of chimney caps and the installation of guy supports; repair of damaged siding and trim; removal of lead paint; and repainting of exterior finishes.  

Yosemite National Park, California: Critical Repair and Replacement of 70KV Transmission Line From Parkline to Hwy 140 Powerhouse - $11,823,600


This project will address critical failing electrical infrastructure including high voltage transmission lines that serve multiple areas. It will replace or repair a transmission line and the supporting metal structures, which were originally constructed in the mid-1930s. This project will construct repairs and replace components of the system to address deficiencies. 
 

Additionally, this project will decrease the spending of National Park Service contracting funds associated with repairs. The system components have a typical life-span of 50-years. With limited maintenance, the existing original components have functioned for over 80 years. 

Fiscal Year 2021 Projects

Fiscal Year 2021 (October 2020-September 2021) National Park Service Great American Outdoors Act projects are listed below. They can be sorted by park name, state, or estimated funding amount in millions. View the data sheets of the 2021 projects.

A table that lists fiscal year 2021's Great American Outdoors Act projects
ParkStateProject DescriptionFunding Estimate (in millions)
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Proposed Fiscal Year 2022 Projects

Proposed Fiscal Year 22 (October 2021-September 2022) National Park Service Great American Outdoors Act projects are listed below. They can be sorted by park name, state, or estimated funding amount in millions. View the list of proposed 2022 projects.

The table is a list of Great American Outdoors Act projects for fiscal year 2022.
ParkStateProject DescriptionFunding Estimate (in millions)
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How the National Park Service Selects GAOA Projects

GAOA’s Legacy Restoration Fund is the newest and largest funding source available to the Park Service for major maintenance and construction. It presents an opportunity to address necessary large-scale projects on a level that could not be met through usual funding sources.

The project selection criteria include:

  • Addressing large projects that have been delayed because the cost exceeds funding capabilities
  • Readiness and capacity to do the job

The National Park Service dedicated $14.1 million from the fiscal year 2021 Legacy Restoration Fund program to address smaller deferred maintenance needs that impact 59 small and medium-sized parks in 33 states through National Park Service Maintenance Action Teams (MAT). Experienced and skilled tradespeople that are able to cost effectively address necessary small to medium sized projects. In all, Legacy Restoration Fund projects (including MAT projects) will take place in 101 parks located in 46 states plus the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands. States that do not have fiscal years 2021 and 2022 Legacy Restoration Funds include South Dakota, Illinois, Idaho, and Iowa.

Legacy Restoration Funding by State in Fiscal Years 2021 and 2022 (Including Fiscal Year 2021 MAT Projects)

Graphic showing Legacy Restoration Fund funding by state; detailed alternative text on the page next to the graphic

NPS Image

The image is a graphic titled "Legacy Restoration Funding by State in Fiscal Years 2021 and 2022 (Including Fiscal Year 2021 M.A.T. Projects". It is a map of the United States that is color-coded various to indicate the total G.A.O.A. Legacy Restoration Fund dollar amount of projects happening within each state. 
 
Information provided by a color-coded key indicates states are grouped in the following dollars-received amounts: 

The following states shaded white received $0 in Legacy Restoration Fund funding: Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, and South Dakota. 

The following states and territories shaded yellow received less than $10 million in Legacy Restoration Fund funding: Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Hawaii, Indiana, Louisiana, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, South Carolina, U.S. Virgin Islands, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wisonsin.  

The following states and territories shaded orange received greater than $10 million in Legacy Restoration Fun funding: Alaska, Kentucky, Maryland, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, North Dakota, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico, Tennessee, and Utah. 

The following states shaded green received greater than $50 million in Legacy Restoration Fun funding: Colorado, Florida, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Texas, and Washington 

The following states shaded blue received greater than $100 million in Legacy Restoration Fun funding: Arizona, California, Mississippi, and North Carolina.  

The following states shaded red received greater than $300 million in Legacy Restoration Fun funding: Virginia and Wyoming. 

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Last updated: January 13, 2022