Marine and Coastal Issues

Two researchers launch a boat in an Arctic lagoon.

Coastal and Marine Research

Learn more about a range of coastal and marine issues of concern in this edition of Alaska Park Science.

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Decreasing Sea Ice

Many species in the Arctic are dependent upon sea ice, including people. As the climate warms, sea ice is decreasing, creating difficulty for all species that depend on it.

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Seabird Die-Offs

Seabirds, such as Common Murres, react to changes in ocean systems, such as the availability of their food sources. As marine ecosystems experience changes in temperature, currents, pH, and other conditions, we are likely to see these changes impact seabirds and other species, too.

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Vessel Traffic/Noise

Many marine mammals vocalize to communicate. This communication can be disrupted by underwater sounds from ships and other sources. 

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Ocean Acidification

Ocean acidification impacts marine ecology in a number of ways. It impacts the ability of shellfish to form shells, the formation of corals, and even the behavior and communication of marine animals.

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Marine Debris

Marine debris includes all kinds of man-made objects discarded, disposed of, or abandoned that enter the coastal or marine environments. The impacts include harm to wildlife from their ingestion of debris or their entanglement in it, contamination from the breakdown of plastics or other chemicals associated with the debris, and socioeconomic impacts related to the degraded environments.

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Shipping in the Arctic

As sea ice diminishes, shipping in the Arctic expands. The Bering Strait is a narrow passage that now must accommodate more vessels, in addition to large whale migrations and movement of other marine mammals.

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Oil Spill Preparedness

With an increase in vessel traffic comes an increased liklihood, or risk, of oil spills. The National Park Service works with coastal communities and other agencies to prepare for an oil spill event in order to minimize impacts and facilitate recovery.

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Harmful Algal Blooms

Seabirds and marine mammals along Alaska's coastline have been experiencing unusually large and consistent die-offs for the past several years, in conjunction with warming ocean temperatures. Researchers want to know if harmful algal blooms, typically associated with warmer climates, are playing a role in these deaths.
 

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Sea Star Wasting Syndrome

Sea stars can tolerate extreme conditions such as the pounding of waves, heat, and desiccation when exposed during low tide. However, the added stress of unusually warm waters during the 2014-2016 marine heatwave may have made them more vulnerable and facilitated the spread of Sea Star Wasting Syndrome and caused sea star populations in the Gulf of Alaska to crash.

Last updated: February 4, 2021