Whence the Park Footnotes


1. 36 Congressional Globe 3379, 3502, 3894.

2. Letter, Michler to Sen. B. Gratz Brown, Senate Misc. Doc. 21, 39th Congress, 2d Session, Feb. 13, 1867.

3. Ibid., pp.1-2

4. Ibid., p. 2.

5. Ibid., p. 3

6. Ibid., pp.3-4, 7.

7. S. 549, 39th Congress, Jan. 28, 1867

8. 37 Congressional Globe 1578.

9. Ibid.

10. Ibid., p. 1579

11. Ibid., pp. 1620, 1405

12. Report of the Secretary, Board of Control of Rock Creek Park, Operations from the Establishment of the Park, September 27, 1890, to June 30, 1912 (Washington, 1912), p. 4.

13. Rock Creek National Park: Information for the Public in Relation Thereto (Washington: Judd and Detweiler, 1889), pp. 9-11.

14. S.J. Res. 94, 48th Congress; 15 Congressional Record 5228-29.

15. 15 Congressional Record 5387, June 10, 1884.

16. S. 2584, 49th Congress; 17 Congressional Record 6105, 7306, 7388; H. Rept. 3820, 49th Congress, Jan. 31, 1887.

17. S. 588, 50th Congress, Dec. 13, 1887; H.R. 3328, 50th Congress; H. Rept. 2983, 50th Congress, July 20, 1888.

18. 19 Congressional Record 7494-7502

19. William V. Cox, Notes on the Establishment of a National Park in the District of Columbia and the Acquirement and Improvement of the Valley of Rock Creek for Park Purposes, Park Improvement Papers No. 7, Senate Committee on the District of Columbia, Apr. 19, 1901; Rock Creek National Park, p. 12

20. H.R. 12136, 50th Congress; H. Rept. 3866, 50th Congress, Jan. 26, 1889; 20 Congressional Record 1256, 1919; Cox, Notes on the Establishment of a National Park in the District of Columbia, p. 6; 25 Stat. 808-09.

21. John D. Rhodes, "How Rock Creek Park Was Established," Atlantic Naturalist 12 (October 1957): 301-03; S. 4, 51st Congress; 21 Congressional Record 355, 902

22. H. Rept. 870, 51st Congress; 21 Congressional Record 2579-80.

23. 21 Congressional Record 2586-89, 3939, 3952, 5303.

24. Ibid., pp. 5367, 10418-10419, 10453, 10458; 26 Stat. 492-95.

25. 17 Stat. 32; 26 Stat. 478. Mackinac Island National Park in Michigan was established in 1875 but was turned over to state administration 20 years later.

26. The 51st Congress also legislated the first of the national battlefield parks: Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park in Georgia and Tennessee and Antietam National Battlefield Site (now Antietam National Battlefield) in Maryland were both authorized a month before Rock Creek Park and Sequoia, General Grant, and Yosemite national parks. Stemming from different impulses and aimed at historic rather than natural preservation, the battlefields formed another component of the future National Park System.

27. 26 Stat. 492-95. The act is reproduced in full in the appendix.


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