John J. Smith House

Brick building with black shutters around windows. on second floor is a white bay window.
86 Pinckney St.

NPS Photo

Quick Facts
86 Pinckney Street
Home of John J. Smith and a site on the Underground Railroad.
Black Heritage Trail Site
Private Residence

Born free in Richmond, Virginia, John J. Smith (1820–1906) moved to Boston in the 1840s. A leading community activist, Smith operated a barbershop that became a center for abolitionist activity. His shop also reportedly served a rendezvous point for "secret councils" that offered protection and assistance to those escaping slavery on the Underground Railroad. Smith played a crucial role in helping Shadrach Minkins escape from slave catchers in Boston. He and Lewis Hayden secretly took Minkins to a safe house in Concord in February 1851 following Minkin’s rescue from the courthouse. Smith and his wife Georgiana also participated in the equal school rights movement in the 1850s. During the U.S. Civil War, Smith recruited for the Black Massachusetts regiments and 5th Calvary. He later served in the Massachusetts House of Representatives for three terms and on the Boston Common Council. Smith lived here from 1878 to 1893.

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John J. Smith House - Boston African American National Historic Site

Boston African American National Historic Site

Last updated: March 28, 2023