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Contents

Methodology

Chapter 1
Early Resorts

Chapter 2
Railroad Resorts

Chapter 3
Religious Resorts

Chapter 4
The Boardwalk

Chapter 5
Roads and Roadside Attractions

Chapter 6
Resort Development in the Twentieth Century

Appendix A
Existing Documentation

Bibliography





RESORTS & RECREATION
An Historic Theme Study of the
New Jersey Heritage Trail Route
National Park Service Arrowhead


NOTES


Chapter I: Early Resorts

1Stephen F. Weinstein, "The Nickel Empire: Coney Island and the Creation of Urban Seaside Resorts in the United States," (Ph.D. dissertation, Columbia University, 1984), 2-47.

2Charles H. Sweetser, Book of the Summer Resorts (New York: "Evening Mail" Office, 1868), 11.

3Weinstein, 38.

4The Story of the Early Parkway, based on an account written in 1959 by Milton Levy, Public Relations Director, GSP Authority, 1954 to 1972, 5.

5H. C. Woolman and T. F. Rose, Historical and Biographical Atlas of the New Jersey Coast (Philadelphia: Woolman and Rose, 1878), 46.

6Harold F. Wilson, The Jersey Shore, 3 vols. (New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Co., 1953), 425.

7Leah Blackman, History of Little Egg Township (1879; reprint, Tuckerton NJ: The Great John Mathis Foundation, Inc., 1963), 216.

8"Clamtown Sailcar Rushed Clams to Market," Tuckerton Chronicle (25 April 1968), 16.

9Woolman and Rose, 46.

10"Long Beach Island Rich in Sea Lore," unknown newspaper (Ocean County Historical Society Collection, n.d.), n.p.

11Woolman and Rose, 46.

12Woolman and Rose, 46.

13John Fanning Watson, Annals of Philadelphia and Pennsylvania of the Olden Time, in "End of the Line for 'Mansion,'" The Sandpiper, 13 June 1990, 2.

14George Somerville, The Lure of Long Beach (Long Beach Board of Trade, 1914; reprint, Harvey Cedars, NJ: Down the Shore Publishing, 1987), 49-50.

15John Bailey Lloyd, Eighteen Miles of History on Long Beach Island (Surf City, NJ: Down the Shore Publishing and theSandpaper, Inc., 1986).

16Charles Edgar Nash, The Lure of Long Beach (Long Beach Board of Trade, 1936), 82-83.

17Lloyd, Eighteen Miles of History. See also Al Oldham, "The Last of the Great 19th Century Hotels," Harvey Cedars Bible Conference: Living History on Long Beach Island, 1991 newsletter.

18Deed Book 393, Ocean County Clerk's Office, 449.

19"Thomas Bond Pioneered Life Saving, Helped Open Up Island," Beach Haven Times, 19 June 1963, 4-D.

20A. Jerome Walnut, "Barnegat Lighthouse" (Barnegat Light, NJ: The Barnegat Light Historical Museum, n.d.), 2.

21Thomas F. Gordon, Gazeteer of the State of New Jersey (Trenton, NJ: Daniel Fenton, 1834; reprint, Cottonport, LA: Polyanthos, 1973), 118.

22Alfred M. Heston, South Jersey: A History. 1664-1924 (New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Co., Inc., 1924), 547.

23Gordon, 117.

24George E. Thomas and Carl Doebley, Cape May: Queen of the Seaside Resorts (London: Associated University Presses, 1976), 21.

25Thomas and Doebley, 21.

26Robert Crozer Alexander, Ho! For Cape Island! (Cape May, NJ: By the author, 1956), 38.

27Alexander, 38.

28"Historic Reproduction of Cape May" (West Jersey Railroad Co., 1877; reprint, Cape May, NJ: Robert Elwell, 1988), 3-4.

29Thomas and Doebley, 23.

30Thomas and Doebley, 24.

31Thomas and Doebley, 25.

32Thomas and Doebley, 116. The house was built for George Allen between 1863 and 1864. Sloan's "Design for a Southern Mansion" appeared in The Model Architect (1868). For a discussion of this building and the influence of pattern books on New Jersey architecture see Robert P. Guter and Janet W. Foster. Building by the Book (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1992), 73-75.

33Thomas and Doebley, 116.

34"Historic Reproduction," 7.

35"Historic Reproduction," 8.

36"Historic Reproduction," 11.

37"Congress Hall: 1991 Rates and Information" (Cape May: n.p., 1991), n.p.

38Gustav Kobbe. The Jersey Coast and Pines (Short Hills, NJ: By the author, 1889; reprint, Baltimore: Gateway Press, 1977), 33-34.

39Kobbe, 34.

40Richmond Barrett, Good Old Summer Days (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1952), 242.

41Thomas Fleming, New Jersey: A Bicentennial History (New York: W.W. Norton and Co., 1977), 138.

42Fleming, 140.

43Federal Writers' Project of the Works Progress Administration, New Jersey: A Guide to its Present and Past (New York: Viking Press, 1939), 680.

44Writers' Program, New Jersey, Entertaining a Nation: The Career of Long Branch (Long Branch, NJ: n.p., 1940), 44.

45Writers' Program, New Jersey, 44-45.

46Writers' Program, New Jersey, 44.

47Robert van Benthuysen and Audrey Wilson, Monmouth County: A Pictorial History (Norfolk, VA: Donning Co., 1983), 88.

48Van Benthuysen and Wilson, 128.

49Alexander. 40-41.

50Alexander, 40.

51Wilson, The Jersey Shore, 430.

52Ed Davis, Atlantic City Diary-A Century of Memories (Egg Harbor City, NJ: Laureate Press, 1980), 12-13.

53Miriam V. Studley, Historic New Jersey Through Visitors Eyes, Vol. 18 (Princeton, NJ: D. Van Nostrand Co., 1964), 127.

54Barrett, 252.

55Barrett, 249.


Chapter II: Railroad Resorts

1Whitman in Studley, 158-59.

2Gary Karasik, New Brunswick and Middlesex County (Northridge, NJ: New Brunswick Chamber of Commerce, Windsor Publications, 1986), 74.

3Federal Writers' Project, New Jersey, 101.

4Federal Writers' Project, New Jersey 102.

5Wilson, The Jersey Shore 479-483.

6Richard M. Gladulich, By Rail to the Boardwalk (Glendale: Trans-Anglo Books, 1986), 11-15.

7Federal Writers' Project, New Jersey 194.

8 Heston, 797.

9 Woolman and Rose, 329.

10Woolman and Rose, 323-335.

11Charles E. Funnell, By the Beautiful Sea: The Rise and High Times of That Great American Resort. Atlantic City (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1989), 9.

12 Lee Eisenberg and Vicki Gold Levi, Atlantic City: 125 Years of Ocean Madness (New York: Clarkson N. Potter, Inc., 1979), 39, 43.

13Eisenberg and Levi, 48.

14William Nelson, ed, The New Jersey Coast in Three Centuries Vol. 1 (New York: Lewis Publishing Co., 1902), 406.

15Pupils of the Stone Harbor School, A History of Stone Harbor. New Jersey (Stone Harbor, NJ: n.p., i926), 9.

16Agnew R. Ewing, A Brief History of Avalon (n.p., n.d.), n.p.

17Ewing, n.p.

18June Methot, Up and Down the Beach (Navesink, NJ: Whip Publishers, 1988.), 112; Herbert M. Beitel and Vance C. Enck, Cape May County: A Pictorial History (Norfolk: Donning Company, 1988), 194.

19"Sea Isle City, Ludlam Island, New Jersey," South Jersey Magazine 19 (Summer 1990): 30-35.

20"Sea Isle City, Ludlam Island, New Jersey," 34

21Walter M. Sawn, Sea Isle City. New Jersey: A History (Sea Isle City, NJ: n.p., 1964), 19.

22Beitel and Enck, 195.

23Bietel and Enck, 195.

24Beitel and Enck, 198.

25Katherine C. Carmona, "Tales and Legends of Upper Township and Its Villages," South Jersey Magazine 18 (Spring 1989): 14.

26Beitel and Enck, 198.

27William H. Rideing, "Along Our Jersey Shore. "Harper's New Monthly Magazine Vol. LVI (December 1877, to May 1878): 324.

28Rideing, 324-5.

29Kobbe, 64.

30Kobbe, 64-68.

31Stafford Township: A Pictorial Review, 21.

32Woolman and Rose, 370.

33"Barnegat Bay Resorts" (Asbury Park, NJ: Schuyler Press, 1920), n.p.

34Wilson, The Jersey Shore, 487.

35Don Wood, The Unique New York and Long Branch (New York: By the author, 1985), 29.

36Wood, 35-36.

37Charles D. Wrege, Spring Lake. A Resort of Elegance in Monmouth County. New Jersey (Spring Lake, NJ: Spring Lake Bicentennial History Committee, 1976), 13.

38Wrege, 14-16.

39Wrege, 17.

40Woolman and Rose, 217.

41Woolman and Rose, 226-227.

42Woolman and Rose, 222-223.

43Kevin McGorty, et al., Ocean County Historic Sites Survey, Vol. 4 (Toms River, NJ: Ocean County Cultural and Heritage Commission, 1981), 5.

44Woolman and Rose, 272.

45"History of Point Pleasant Beach," Coast Magazine (December 1989): 29.

46McGorty, et al., Vol. 4, 6.

47Edwin Salter, A History of Monmouth and Ocean Counties (Bayonne, NJ: E. Gardner and Son, 1890; reprint, Toms River, NJ: Ocean County Historical Society, n.d.), 288.

48William Fischer, Biographical Cyclopaedia of Ocean County (Philadelphia: A. D. Smith and Co., 1899), 237-238.

49Methot, 109.

50William Schoettle, Bay Head: 1879-1911 (Bay Head, NJ: n.p., 1966), 13.

51Schoettle, 14.

52Federal Writers' Project, New Jersey, 647.

53Dick LaBonte, In Old Bay Head (Bay Head, NJ: n.p., 1986), 6.

54John T. Cunningham, The New Jersey Shore (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1958), 78.

55Cunningham, The New Jersey Shore, 80.

56John Dos Passos, 1919 (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1946), 72.

57Townsend Ludington, ed., The Fourteenth Chronicle: Letters and Diaries of John Dos Passos (Boston: Gambit, 1973), 207.

58Corinne Murphy Hill, The History of Bay Head," Coast Magazine (December 1989): 31.

59Eleanor Angott, 'Mantoloking Stuctures Recorded for Eligibility as Historic Sites," The Review (Seaside Heights, NJ, 29 July 1982): 15.

60Cunningham, The New Jersey Shore, 78.

61Angott, "Mantoloking Structures," n.p.

62David Kadeg, "Lavallette — 90 in 1977," The Review (Seaside Heights, NJ, 12 February 1976): 7420.

63Eleanor Angott, "Lavallette Boasts Number of Architectural and Historical Sites," The Review (Seaside Heights, NJ, 5 August 1982): 16.

64Peter Bloom, advertisement, "Lavallette's Fifty Years of Progress," Ocean County Review. Supplement (30 July 1937): 18.

65McGorty, et al., Vol. 3. l.

66McGorty, et al., Vol. 3, 9.

67Methot, 108.

68"Ocean Grovers Founded Belmar," unidentified newspaper clipping, n.d., n.p. Monmouth College Library collection, Long Branch, NJ.

69"Ocean Grovers," n.p.

70"Ocean Grovers," n.p.

71"Ocean Grovers," n.p.

72Methot, 108.

73"Ocean Grovers," n.p.

74"Developing an Ocean Front: Big Strip of Belmar's Ocean Front Being Improved," unidentified newspaper clipping (29 July 1908): n.p. Monmouth College Library Collection, Long Branch, NJ.

75"Developing an Ocean Front," n.p.

76"Developing an Ocean Front," n.p.

77Kobbe xli.

78Central Railroad of New Jersey, Travelers and Tourists Guide to the Seashore. Lakes and Mountains (New York: The Republic Press, n.d.), 2.

79Central Railroad of New Jersey, 157.

80Along the Shore and in the Foothills, Central Railroad of New Jersey (New York: The Nation Press, 1910), 101.

81Jack Cervetto, Sr., A Brief History of Stafford Township (Tercentenary Committee, 1964), 17-18.

82Lloyd, Eighteen Miles of History on Lone Beach Island, 34.

83Carol Williams, "Railroad Altered Life on the Island," Asbury Park Press (22 June 1986): A37.

84McGorty, et al., "Long Beach Island," 7.

85Nash, 137-39.

86McGorty, et al., "Long Beach Island," 7.

87The Asbury Park trolley was the first in New Jersey and the second in the United States. Wilson, The Jersey Shore. 801-09.

88"The Era of the Trolley," Asbury Park Press (10 May 1970): n.p.

89Joseph Eid, Trolleys to the Fountain (By the author, n.d.), n.p.

90Thomas H. Leonard, From Indian Trail to Electric Rail (Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Atlantic Highlands Journal, 1923), 639-40.

91William J. Coxey, "The Blue Comet," West Jersey Rails (Conshohocken, PA: Crusader Printing, 1983), 34.

92The New Jersey Almanac 1964-65 (Upper Monclair, NJ: New Jersey Almanac Inc., 1963), 663.

93The New Jersey Almanac 1964-65, 663.

94"New Jersey Transit Guide to the New Jersey Shore" (New Jersey Transit, ca, 1991), n.p.


Chapter III: Religious Resorts

1Salter, 251.

2Charles A. Parker, "Ocean Grove, New Jersey: Queen of the Victorian Methodist Camp Meeting Resorts," n.p., n.d., 19.

3George F. Boyer and J. Pearson Cunningham, Cape May County Story (Avalon, NJ: Avalon Publishing Co., 1975), 131-2.

4Audrey Sullivan and Doris Young, A Time to Remember: A History of New Jersey Methodists' First Camp Meeting, South Seaville. New Jersey, 1864-1988 (South Seaville, NJ: South Seaville Camp Meeting Association, Inc., 1988), 73.

5Sullivan and Young, 63.

6Sullivan and Young, 61-79.

7Sullivan and Young, 73.

8Brenda Panes, "Ocean Grove: A Planned Leisure Environment," in Paul Stellhorn, ed., Planned and Utopian Experiments: Four New Jersey Towns (Trenton, NJ: New Jersey Historical Commission, 1980), 29.

9"A Brief History of Ocean Grove, a National Historic Site" (Ocean Grove, NJ: Ocean Grove Camp Meeting Association, ca. 1991), n.p.

10"A Brief History of Ocean Grove," n.p.

11Kobbe, 50.

12"A Brief History of Ocean Grove," n.p.

13Gail Hunton and Jennifer Boyd, A Home Renovator's Guide for Historic Ocean Grove (Ocean Grove, NJ: Ocean Grove Home Owners Association, Ocean Grove Chamber of Commerce, 1989), 6.

14"Avenue of Tents, Ocean Grove N.J.," postcard (n.p. Monmouth College Library Collection, Long Branch).

15James A. McConville, "Ocean Grove: God's Square Mile of Health and Happiness," The Bridge: A Magazine for Alumni and Friends of Brookdale Community College (Spring 1991), 14.

16McConville, 14.

17Meeting of Ocean Grove Camp Meeting Association, August 1991.

18Hunton and Boyd, 7.

19"Plan of the Ocean Grove Camp Ground, Monmouth Co., N.J.," (Deal, NJ: F.H. Kennedy & Son, Civil Engineers and Surveyors, n.d., Monmouth College Library collection, Long Branch).

20Parker, 22-23.

21Russell Lynes, The Tastemakers (New York: Grosset and Dunlap, 1954), 24.

22"The Great Auditorium Organ," brochure (Ocean Grove, NJ: Ocean Grove Camp Meeting Association, ca. 1990).

23Postcard, courtesy of Alfred Holden, ca. 1950.

24Wilson, The Jersey Shore, 940.

25McConville, 12.

26Robert Santelli, The Jersey Shore: A Travel and Pleasure Guide (Charlotte, NC: Fast and McMillan Publishers, 1986), 43.

27Harpers Weekly (August 1878) in June Methot, Up and Down the Beach (Navesink, NJ: Whip Publishers, 1988), 106-07.

28Kobbe, 45.

29Woolman and Rose, 173-89.

30Kobbe, 106-07.

31Kobbe, 46.

32Kobbe, 46.

33Joan Babbage, "Shoreline Legacy," Newark Sunday Star Ledger (21 May 1989), section 2.

34Woolman and Rose, 188-89.

35William McMahon, South Jersey Towns: History and Legend (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1973), 39.

36Arthur Pryer, "Asbury Park, its Future Assured," Asbury Park: Where the Country Meets the Sea (Asbury Park, NJ: Asbury Park Board of Trade, 1910).

37McGorty, et al., "Island Heights," 2.

38Salter, 407.

39 Eleanor Angott, "375 structures in Island Heights Nominated for Register of Historic Places," The Review (Seaside Heights, NJ, 2September 1982): 18.

40McGorty, et al., "Island Heights," 2.

41"Barnegat Bay Resorts," 5.

42"Barnegat Bay Resorts," 5.

43Tales of the Jersey Cape (Cape May, NJ: Cape May County Chamber of Commerce, n.d.), 32.

44McMahon, South Jersey Towns: History and Legend, 45-6.

45William McMahon, Historic South Jersey Towns (Atlantic City, NJ: Press Publishing Company, 1964), 205.

46Tim Cain, Peck's Beach: A Pictorial History of Ocean City, New Jersey, (Harvey Cedars, NJ: Down the Shore Publishing and the Sandpaper, Inc., 1988), 29.

47Cain, 29.

48Cain, 29.

49Cain, 29.

50Federal Writers' Project of the Works Progress Administration, The WPA Guide to 1930s New Jersey (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1986), 676.

51History of Monmouth County, New Jersey vol. 1 (New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Co., 1922), 334.

52History of Monmouth County, New Jersey, 334-35.

53"View of Atlantic Highlands, N.J.," postcard (Leipsig, Germany: Illustrated Postal Card Co., Monmouth College Library collection).

54Federal Writers' Project, New Jersey: A Guide to its Present and Past, 676.

55Alfred M. Heston, South Jersey: A History, 1664-1924, 550.

56Beitel and Enck, 142.

57Woolman and Rose, 359.

58Beitel and Enck, 145.

59Tales of the Jersey Cape, 20.

60Tales of the Jersey Cape, 20.

61Kim Ruth, "New Jersey's Lighthouses," New Jersey Outdoors (November/December 1983), n.p.

62Boyer and Cunningham, 86-87.

63Ocean County Yearbook, 151.

64McGorty, et at., "Seaside Park," 2.

65Eleanor Angott, "Early Inhabitants and Owners" (Toms River, NJ: unedited text for Ocean County Review. n.d., Ocean County Historical Society collection), n.p.

66Woolman and Rose, 35.

67"Grand Hotel—1875 Style," Ocean County Review. Supplement. Seaside Park's 75th Anniversary (Seaside Park: 1973), 16A. Ocean County Historical Society collection.

68McGorty, Vol. 4, "Seaside Park," 3.


Chapter IV: The Boardwalk

1The following three paragraphs on the construction of Atlantic City's boardwalks are drawn from Frank M. Butler, The Book of the Boardwalk and the Atlantic City Story (Atlantic City, NJ: Haines and Co., 1952), 2-14. Among the many "firsts" Butler claims for Atlantic City are the boardwalk, the rolling chair, and the postcard.

2Funnell, 3-7. The Camden and Atlantic Railroad and the Camden and Atlantic Land Company were created by the same investors.

3Eisenberg and Levi, 19.

4Frank M. Butler, 6.

5Frank M. Butler, 9.

6The builders of the five boardwalks were as follows: 1) George Bryant and William Weeks; 2) Henry Disston and sons; 3) labor hired by the city, E.V. Corson providing most materials; 4) John W. Bowen and Simon L. Wescoat; 5) the Pheonix Bridge Company. See Frank M. Butler, 14.

7Federal Writers' Project, New Jersey: A Guide to its Present and Past, 213.

88 Funnell, 122.

9New Jersey—Life, Industries and Resources of a Great State (Newark, NJ: New Jersey Chamber of Commerce, 1928), 213.

10Fodor's, Vacations on the New Jersey Shore (New York: Fodor's Travel Publications, 1991), 105.

11Funnell, 69, 133.

12Federal Writers' Project, The WPA Guide to 1930s New Jersey, 190.

13Federal Writers' Project, The WPA Guide to 1930s New Jersey, 192.

14New Jersey—Life. Industries and Resources of a Great State, 1928, 213.

15Rideing, 336.

16Richard W. Flint, "Meet Me in Dreamland: the Early Development of Amusement Parks in America," Nineteenth Century 8 (1982), 100-101.

17Funnell, 62. The first Ferris wheel operated at the 1893 Chicago Columbian Exposition.

18William F. Mangels, The Outdoor Amusement Industry (New York: Vantage Press, 1952), 90-91.

19Funnell, 63.

20"100 Years of Boardwalk Rolling Chairs—1884 to 1984." Atlantic County Historical Society 10 (October 1984), 11-18.

21Fodor's, 100.

22Ed Davis, 14.

23Funnell, 50.

24Federal Writers' Project, New Jersey: A Guide to its Present and Past, 137. According to other sources, the first picture postcards originated at the World Columbian Exposition of 1893. The American Post Office Department issued a plain "postal card" in 1873. The popularity of picture postcards as Atlantic City souvenirs must have caused many to believe they were another boardwalk "first." See Frank Staff, The Picture Postcard and Its Origins (London: Lutterworth Press, 1979), 62. and Joseph Nathan Kane, Famous First Facts (New York: H.W. Wilson Co., 1981), 489.

25Davis, 17.

26Burk and McFetridge, A Complete Guide To Atlantic City (Philadelphia, 1885), 19.

27Federal Writers' Project, The WPA Guide to 1930s New Jersey, 190.

28Funnell, Chapter 2.

29Herbert James Foster, "The Urban Experience of Blacks in Atlantic City, New Jersey: 1850-1915." Ph.D. dissertation, Rutgers University, 1981.

30Federal Writers' Project, The WPA Guide to 1930s New Jersey. 189, 194. The construction of the Claridge displaced the "black beach" from Indiana Avenue to Missouri. In the 1940s and 1950s this beach was known as Chicken Bone Beach. Eisenberg and Gold, 90.

31The Negro Travelers' Green Book (New York: Victor H. Green and Co., 1958), 2. These guides were published from 1936 through the 1960s.

32U. S. Department of the Interior, "A Directory of Negro Hotels and Guest Houses" (Washington, D.C., U.S. Travel Bureau, 1941), 7.

33Federal Writers' Project, The WPA Guide to 1930s New Jersey, 198.

34Santelli, 155.

35Fodor's, 104.

36National Register of Historic Places, "Atlantic City Convention Hall," National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination Form Washington D.C.: National Park Service, 1985.

37In Cape May, Queen of the Seaside Resorts: Its History and Architecture Thomas and Doebley offer one explanation for Cape May's failure to follow Atlantic City's lead in masonry hotel design.

38For statistical information see the following: Fleming; Golden Age of the Monmouth County Shore; Chamber of Commerce; Frank M. Butler.

39Frank M. Butler, 36. These included the Marlborough-Blenheim and the Traymore.

40Funnell, 19-20.

41Frank M. Butler, 48-49.

42Eisenberg and Levi, 37-43.

43New Jersey—Life, Industries and Resources of a Great State, 213.

44Frank M. Butler, 47.

45Federal Writers' Project, The WPA Guide to 1930s New Jersey, 193.

46Frederick Fried, A Pictorial History of the Carousel (New York: AS. Barnes and Co., 1964), 51.

47Fried, 52-62.

48The Midway: An Illustrated Magazine of Amusement Resorts and Attractions, 1 (December 1905), 12.

49C. Byron Wortman, The First Fifty: A Biographical History of Seaside Heights. New Jersey (Seaside Heights, NJ: n.p., 1963), 38.

50Floyd L. Moreland, "A 'Trolley Park,'; A Carousel; Another Carousel; And Finally New Jersey's Finest Family Amusement Town," unpublished manuscript, n.d.

51Moreland, "A 'Trolley Park,'" n.p.

52The Burlington Island Park operated as early as 1902, when it attracted more than 4,000 people. Until 1917, Burlington Island Park contained a single merry-go-round (probably the one under discussion), picnic tables, swings, and an open pavilion. In 1917 George Bassler and Robert Merkel improved train and steamboat service and added a giant roller coaster. See Shirley Bailey and Jim Parkhurst, Early South Jersey Amusement Parks (Millville, NJ: South Jersey Publishing Co., 1979), 13.

53Moreland, "'A Trolley Park,'" n.p.

54Floyd L. Moreland, "The Carousel: A Piece of American History at the Jersey Shore," (Seaside Heights, NJ: By the author, 1989), n.p.; M. Peryl King, "The Carousel," Shore Heritage Newsletter 13 (Summer 1991): 1.

55King, 1.

56Council minutes courtesy of Barbara Kolarsik. The Spring Lake Improvement Company, which originally owned the beach and leased it to the borough, apparently built the southern pavilion. The northern pavilion was owned by the North End Pavilion Company.

57National Register of Historic Places, "Spring Lake," Section F, 27.

58Spring Lake Gazette 20 August 1931, as quoted in Patricia Colrick and Philomena Motzel, "Historical Notes on Our Bathing Pavilions," Spring Lake Historical Society Newsletter 12 (n.d.), l.

59Colrick and Motzel, l.

60National Register of Historic Places, "Spring Lake," 25.

61The boardwalk was actually several privately maintained walkways until consolidated by the borough around 1904. The Works Progress Administration completed the current boardwalk. See National Register of Historic Places, "Spring Lake," 25-26.

62Copies of Spring Lake ordinances, courtesy of the borough clerk's office.

63Belmar Fishing Club Memorabilia Book, Belmar, NJ, Belmar Fishing Club collection.

64Belmar Fishing Club Memorabilia Book, 1 June 1930 clipping, Belmar Fishing Club collection.

65The Coast Advertiser, 30 May 1930, n.p.

66Asbury Park Press, 30 May 1930, n.p.

67The Coast Advertiser, 30 May 1930, n.p.

68Belmar Fishing Club Memorabilia Book, 1 June 1930.

69Belmar Fishing Club Memorabilia Book, 30 May 1930; 1 June 1930.

70Cape May Chamber of Commerce, 32.

71Cain, 50.

72Lee, Harold. A History of Ocean City New Jersey 1965; reprint (Ocean City: the Friends of the Ocean City Historical Museum, 1986), 71.

73Fodor's, 159.

74Santelli, 5.


Chapter V: Roads and Roadside Attractions

1Wilson, The Jersey Shore, 80.

2John Barber and Henry Howe, Historical Collections of the State of New Jersey (New York: S. Tuttle, 1846), 108.

3Laura Lavinia Willis and L. Dow Balliet, eds. Early History of Atlantic County New Jersey (Atlantic County Historical Society, 1915), 97.

4The Atlantic County Historical Society Yearbook 10 (October 1985), 59-60.

5The Atlantic County Historical Society Yearbook 10, 62.

6Wheaton J. Lane, From Indian Trail to Iron Horse: Travel and Transportation in New Jersey. 1620-1860 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1939), 77-79.

7Seymour Dunbar, A History of Travel in America Vol. 1 (Indianapolis, IN: The Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1915), 180.

8Nelson, 393.

9Lane, 91-92.

10The Atlantic County Historical Society Yearbook 10, 61.

11Wilson, The Jersey Shore. 394.

12"Turnpikes," Monmouth Democrat (22 September 1870), n.p.

13Lane, 196.

14Wilson, The Jersey Shore, 420.

15Wilson, The Jersey Shore, 422-23.

16W. George Cook, "Railroad Steamboats on the Great Egg Harbor Inlet," West Jersey Rails (Conshohocken, PA: Crusader Printing, 1983), 9-14.

17Somerville, 65-66.

18Wilson, The Jersey Shore, 823-834.

19Wilson, The Jersey Shore, 823-825.

20"Automobile Touring," Newark Sunday Call (15 March 1911), n.p.

21Alfred M. Heston, Jersey Waggon Jaunts (Camden: Atlantic County Historical Society, 1926), 22.

22Carl W. Condit, American Building Art: the Twentieth Century (New York: Oxford University Press, 1961), 276.

23John W. Herbert, "The Establishment of the New Jersey State Highway System," New Jersey State Research 5 (June 1918), 77-83.

24Herbert, 77.

25John Bailey Lloyd, Six Miles At Sea (Harvey Cedars, NJ: Down the Shore Publishing and the Sandpaper, Inc., 1986), 100-103.

26Nash, 1-2.

27"Long Beach Island, New Jersey" (Long Beach Island Chamber of Commerce, 1930), 19.

28Lloyd, Six Miles At Sea, 50.

29Somerville, 56.

30"Long Beach Island, New Jersey," 26-27.

31H. Jerome Crammer, New Jersey in the Automobile Age (Princeton, NJ: D. Van Nostrand, 1964), 61-62.

32Crammer, 62-63.

33Angus Kress Gillespie, Looking for America on the New Jersey Turnpike (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1989), xiii.

34The New Jersey Almanac, 661.

35"Autobiography of a Parkway," The New York Times (2 August 1964), 21.

36"Autobiography of a Parkway," 19.

37Jack E. Boucher, Lucy the Margate Elephant (New Jersey: Laureate Press, 1970), 1-16.

38Fodor's, 160.

39Richard Gutman, American Diner, Then and Now (New York: Harper Collins, 1993), 117.

40This diner was operating as recently as a year ago, (1993-94) but there was rumor it would close. (Sara Amy Leach)

41Silk City diners were first made in 1927 by the Paterson Vehicle Company of New Jersey. (Sara Amy Leach)

42Fred Simmonds, "Brick: A Township in Search of an Identity," Asbury Park Press (5 December 1976): D3.

43Chamber of Commerce of Brick Township. 1957 Official Guide (Point Pleasant: Kronowitt-Howard Company, 1957), 5.

44David Krewson, "The Beginning of a Traffic Nightmare," Town News (10 June 1987), 2B.

45Edward Walsh, "Parkway Paved for Brick's Growth," Asbury Park Press (2 March 1986), H1.


Chapter VI: Resort Development in the Twentieth Century

1Charles Hallock, The Sportsman's Gazetteer and General Guide (New York: Orange Judd Company, 1883), 109.

2The following four paragraphs rely upon John Bailey Lloyd, Six Miles at Sea 34-43.

3This discussion of the Farm under Beck relies heavily on articles from the Beach Hayen Times (1979-80) written by Beck's grandson Charles Edgar Nash.

4Nash, Beach Haven Times, Part IV.

5Beach Haven Times, 13 July 1912, n.p.

6J.A. Cook, "Long Beach History," Beach Haven Times, 9 November 1937, n.p.

7Gretchen Coyle, The Little Egg Beater, 3 July 1992, n.p.

8John Bailey Lloyd, Six Miles at Sea, 100-103.

9The store had been running educational activities for employees since 1891. Meadowbrook Club Yearbook 1920. (Philadelphia: The Wanamaker Store, 1920), 31.

10The John Wanamaker Commercial Institute 1915 (Philadelphia: The Wanamaker Store, 1915), n.p.

11Unidentified article, 21 July 1904, clipping file, collection of Marilyn Kralik.

12Meadowbrook Club Yearbook 1920 35.

13The John Wanamaker Commercial Institute 1915, n.p.

14Unidentified article, 11 August 1910, clipping file, collection of Marilyn Kralik.

15See The New Jersey Courier 26 August 1909; 28 July 1904, and The John Wanamaker Commercial Institute 1915 "Record of Daily Happenings."

16"Mind and Body: How They are Developed at the Wanamaker Store," (Philadelphia: The Wanamaker Store, 1920): 21.

17Meadowbrook Club Yearbook, 21, 113.

18On the roof there "is a fine circular track (ten laps to the mile), a straightaway running track of sixty yards, tennis courts, basketball courts, a recreation room, showers and various other attractions Meadowbrook Club Yearbook 23.

19Ida M. Brooks, undated letter to Ms. Gillian. Collection of Marilyn Kralik.

20Stanley Heatley, Pine Beach Yesterdays (Ocean County, NJ: Borough of Pine Beach, 1975), 5-9.

21Heatley, 33.

22Bertram Chapman Mayo, "The Greatest Subscription Premium Ever Offered and the Reason Why" (New York: New York Tribune Promotion Dept., 1915), 7.

23Mayo, 7.

24"Beachwood Born of Give-away Lots," Asbury Park Press (1 July 1990), AA2.

25"Paper's Stunt Built Beachwood," Asbury Park Press (17 September 1962), n.p.

26Floyd Mease, "Memories of Bygone Days, Ocean Gate, New Jersey," (n.p.: By the author, 1985), 5.

27Lucille Glosque, Berkeley Township: The First 100 Years (n.p.: Berkeley Township Centennial Commission, 1975), 48-49.

28Glosque, 48-49.

29Tim Deady, "The Royal Pines, A Grand Oasis in the Pine Barrens," Heritage 76 (20 June 1976), G3.

30"The Royal Pines Pinewald Medical Center," brochure, n.p., n.d. Ocean County Historical Society collection.

31Woolman and Rose, 47.

32Federal Writers' Project, New Jersey: A Guide to its Present and Past. 646.

33Andy Cripps, "Back to the 50's Trolley Tour Returns to the Wildwoods for Summer of 1992," press release, Mid-Atlantic Centerforthe Arts, 14 January 1992.

34Federal Writers' Project, The WPA Guide to 1930s New Jersey, 563.

35Fodor's, 171-172.

36Federal Writer's Project, The WPA Guide to 1930s New Jersey, 190.

37Fodor's, 32-33.

38Fodor's, 33.

39"Greetings from Asbury Park and Ocean Grove, N.J.," souvenir folder, (Chicago: Curt Teich & Co., Publishers, 1938).

40Earle W. Andrews, Asbury Park Beach Front Improvement consultant's report, (New York, 1945).

41Santelli, 41.

42Writers' Program, New Jersey, 114.

43"Automobile Races, Long Branch N.J.," postcard, 1906. New Jersey Collection, Monmouth College Library, Long Branch, NJ.

44Writers' Program, New Jersey, 112.

45The park reopened on June 19, 1946. See "A Great Name in American Racing, Then and Now," (Oceanport, NJ: Monmouth Park Jockey Club, 1956), 3.

46Santelli, 36.

47Writers' Program, New Jersey, 1.








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