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Contents

Methodology

Chapter 1
Early Resorts

Chapter 2
Railroad Resorts

Chapter 3
Religious Resorts

Chapter 4
The Boardwalk

Chapter 5
Roads and Roadside Attractions

Chapter 6
Resort Development in the Twentieth Century

Appendix A
Existing Documentation

Bibliography





RESORTS & RECREATION
An Historic Theme Study of the
New Jersey Heritage Trail Route
National Park Service Arrowhead


CONTENTS

COVER

Cover photograph: Beach Avenue, Cape May, NJ. "As early as 1915, parking at beach areas was beginning to be a problem. In the background is "Pavilion No. 1' Pier. This picture was taken from the Stockton Bath House area, revealing a full spectrum of summer afternoon seaside attire." Courtesy May County Historical and Genealogical Society.

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

METHODOLOGY

CHAPTER I: Early Resorts

CHAPTER II: Railroad Resorts

CHAPTER III: Religious Resorts

CHAPTER IV: The Boardwalk

CHAPTER V: Roads and Roadside Attractions

CHAPTER VI: Resort Development in the Twentieth Century

APPENDIX A: Existing Documentation

BIBLIOGRAPHY



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

Frontispiece. New Jersey Coastal Heritage Trail Route. The Jersey Shore region studied in 1991-3. Provided by NPS-DSC.

Figure 1. "The Beach at Long Branch." Appleton's Journal of Literature, Science and Art. 21 Aug. 1869. supplement. Library of Congress.

Figure 2. Rates of Railroad Fare. The New Jersey Coast and Pines. 1889.

Figure 3. Detail Map of Tucker's Island. Records of the Office of the Chief Engineer. Map. 1839. Library of Congress.

Figure 4. Map of Tucker's & Long Branch Islands. Historical and Biological Atlas. 1878

Figure 5. Tuckerton Mill Site. West Main Street & Water Street. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS NJ-1030-2)

Figure 6. "Harvey Cedars, Long Beach, Below Barnegat Light." Harper's Monthly. 1878.

Figure 7. "A Ship Ashore!" Harper's Monthly. February, 1878.

Figure 8. Harvey Cedars Bible Conference, Long Beach Island. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS No. NJ-1143-1)

Figure 9. Wide-wheeled Beach Carriages crossing the Marsh. Frank Leslie's Illustrated Magazine. 22 August 1857.

Figure 10. Mount Vernon Hotel Fire, Cape May. Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, 20 September 1856.

Figure 11. John B. McCreary House, Cape May. Library of Congress.

Figure 12. Steamboat Landing, Long Branch. Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, 23 August 1879.

Figure 13. Church of the Seven Presidents, Long Branch. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS NJ-1083-2)

Figure 14. Shadow Lawn. Summer Capitol, Long Branch, NJ. postcard. Sarah Allaback. ca 1916

Figure 15. "On the Bluff at Long Branch." Winslow Homer. Appleton's Journal. 21 August 1869

Figure 16. Murray Guggenheim House, Long Branch. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS No. NJ-i 178)

Figure 17. Bathing at Long Branch—"Oh, Ain't it Cold." Every Saturday. 26 Aug. 1871. Library of Congress.

Figure 18. Atlantic City Bathing Pavilions. On the Beach, Atlantic City, NJ. Library of Congress. ca 1904.

Figure 19. Map of the Railroads of New Jersey. 1887. Hagley Museum and Library.

Figure 20. Ocean Avenue after arrival of Evening Train. Long Branch. Harper's Monthly. 1876.

Figure 21. View of Broadway, South Amboy. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS NJ-1001-1)

Figure 22. Plan of Atlantic City. 1877. Winterthur Museum and Library.

Figure 23. United States Hotel, Atlantic City. Historical and Biographical Atlas. 1878.

Figure 24. Chalfonte Hotel, Atlantic City. Boardwalk Elevation. Library of Congress. (HABS no: NJ-869)

Figure 25. Marlborough, Blenheim & Dennis Hotels, Atlantic City (aerial) Historic American Buildings Survey. Library of Congress. (HABS no. NJ-976)

Figure 26. Notice of lot sales, Sea Isle City. 1883 plan, C.K. Landis.

Figure 27. "Greetings from Sea Isle City, N.J." Sarah Allaback. postcard.

Figure 28. "West Creek." Harper's Monthly. 1878.

Figure 29. Tuckerton Railroad Schedule. Time Table. 1874 No reference

Figure 30. Spring Lake Beach Plan, Monmouth County. Historical & Biographical Atlas. 1878.

Figure 31. Boardwalk, Point Pleasant Beach. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS NJ-1012-2)

Figure 32. Elmer Cottage, Bay Head. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS NJ-1099-1)

Figure 33. Wood shingled houses, Lavallette. Alfred Holden

Figure 34. Neptune House. Ocean Beach. Historical and Biographical Atlas. 1878.

Figure 35. Central Railroad of New Jersey label. Blue Comet. Hagley Museum and Library.

Figure 36. Holy Innocents Episcopal Church, Beach Haven. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS no. NJ-1102-1)

Figure 37. Pharo House, Beach Haven. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS no. NJ-1103-1)

Figure 38. Viking Village, Barnegat Light. Alfred Holden

Figure 39. Shore Resort Bus Service. Sun Fun in New Jersey ca., 1927. Cape May County Historical and Genealogical Society.

Figure 40. Tuckerton Quaker Meeting House. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS no: NJ-1118-2)

Figure 41. "Tent Life." Life at the Seashore. 1880.

Figure 42. Cottages, Camp Meeting Grounds. South Seaville. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS no. NJ-1049-2)

Figure 43. Auditorium, Camp Meeting Grounds. South Seaville. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS no. NJ-1049-A-1)

Figure 44. "Services on the Beach, Ocean Grove." Harper's Monthly. 1876.

Figure 45. Ocean Grove Tents. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS no. NJ-1007-9)

Figure 46. Street Plan., Ocean Grove. Hist. repro. No reference.

Figure 47. Great Auditorium and Ocean Pathway, Ocean Grove. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS no. NJ-1007-A-1)

Figure 48. Great Auditorium interior, organ. Hist. repro. Postcard. No reference.

Figure 49. Ocean Grove and Wesley Lake. Up and Down the Beach. 1988. June Methot.

Figure 50. Asbury Park. Up and Down the Beach. 1988. June Methot.

Figure 51. Convention Hall and Boardwalk. Asbury Park. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS 1175-2)

Figure 52. Steinbach Department Store, Asbury Park. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS no. NJ-1076-1)

Figure 53. Cottage Camp Meeting Grounds, Island Heights. (David Ames OC-11.1)

Figure 54. Yacht Club, Island Heights. (David Ames OC-10.1)

Figure 55. "On the Highlands." Picturesque America, Vol. I. D. Appleton & Company, NY. 1872.

Figure 56. White Crystal Diner, Atlantic Highlands. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS no. NJ-1078-1)

Figure 57. "Bird's-eye View of Sea Grove. From the Ocean. 1876." Scheyichbi and the Strand.

Figure 58. St. Peter's-by-the-Sea Episcopal Church, Cape May Point. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS no. NJ-1114-3)

Figure 59. Map of Cape May Point. Sanborn Fire Insurance Map Co. 1890. Library of Congress.

Figure 60. Seaside Park Hotel. ca 1880. Up & Down the Beach. June Methot.

Figure 61. Boardwalk & Beach, Asbury Park. ca 1905. Library of Congress. (LC-D401-18704)

Figure 62. The Boardwalk Parade, Atlantic City. ca. 1890-1906. Library of Congress. (LC-D4-18552)

Figure 63. Heinz Pier from lighthouse, Atlantic City. 1890. Atlantic County Historical Society.

Figure 64. Young's Residence, Million Dollar Pier, Atlantic City. ca 1900-1910. Library of Congress. (LC-D4-71405)

Figure 65. Epicycloidal Wheel, Atlantic City. 1870. Atlantic County Historical Society.

Figure 66. Rolling Chairs, Atlantic City. ca. 1905. Library of Congress. (LC-D4-18548)

Figure 67. "I could stay in Atlantic City forever" on card in woman's hand. Library of Congress. (LC-D4 18-30947)

Figure 68. Virginia Avenue/Boardwalk, Atlantic City. 1896. Atlantic County Historical Society.

Figure 69. "Atlantic City Auditorium and Convention Hall by Night." postcard. Allaback.

Figure 70. Atlantic City Convention Hall. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS no. NJ-1130-4)

Figure 71. Carousel, Seaside Heights. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS no. OC-14.1 David Ames)

Figure 72. "Freeman's Amusement Center Beach," Seaside Heights. postcard. Allaback.

Figure 73. North Beach Pavilion, Spring Lake. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS no. NJ-1010)

Figure 74. Belmar Fishing Club. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS no. NJ-1079)

Figure 75. Ocean City beachfront, "before the fire." Library of Congress (Prints & Photographs Division)

Figure 76. Hotel Flanders, Ocean City. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS no. NJ-1116)

Figure 77. Keansburg Boardwalk. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS no. NJ-1177-2)

Figure 78. Polarine Roadmap of New Jersey. ca. 1920. Hagley Museum & Library.

Figure 79. Horse drawn carriage. "The President's Turn-out" ca. 1876 Harpers Monthly p. 490

Figure 80. "Birdseye Map" of Margate & environs w/ mileage. 1925. Library of Congress.

Figure 81. The Jersey Waggon, Jersey Waggon Jaunts, 1926.

Figure 82. Long Beach Boulevard, 1914. The Lure of Longbeach. 1914.

Figure 83. Garden State Parkway, view of curve & trees. Philip Correll.

Figure 84. Garden State Parkway Toll Booth. Correll.

Figure 85. Lucy the Margate Elephant. Historic American Buildings Survey. HABS (NJ-816-5)

Figure 86. Windmill Ice Cream, Long Branch. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS no. NJ-1003-1)

Figure 87. Bayville Dinosaur. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS no. NJ-1019-1)

Figure 88. Mustache Bill's Diner, Long Beach Island. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS no. OC-8.1 David Ames)

Figure 89. Brick Plaza, Bricktown. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS no. NJ-1107-1)

Figure 90. Sherborne Farm. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS no. NJ-1106-1)

Figure 91. Little Egg Harbor Yacht Club. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS no. NJ-1105-1)

Figure 92. Wanamaker Hall, Island Heights. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS no. NJ-1144)

Figure 93. Wanamaker Commercial Club Girls, Island Heights. postcard. Allaback.

Figure 94. Admiral Farragut Academy, Pine Beach. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS no. NJ-1160-1)

Figure 95. Royal Pines Hotel, Pinewald. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS no. NJ-1101-

Figure 96. "Sun Fun in New Jersey." advertisement. Library of Congress. ca. 1920s.

Figure 97. "Just a Hop, Skip and a Jump to Wildwood." advertisement. Cape May County Historical and Genealogical Society.

Figure 98. Boardwalk by Night, Wildwood-by-the-Sea. postcard. Allaback.

Figure 99. El Ray Motel/Caribbean Hotel. Historic American Buildings Survey. (HABS no. NJ-1189-1)

Figure 100. Atlantic City casinos: Trump Taj Mahal. 1994. Chuck Milliken.

Figure 101. Asbury Park Boardwalk & Casino. Hist. reproduction. postcard. No reference.

Figure 102. Asbury Park Boardwalk. 1991. Holden.

Figure 103. Horse Racing, Monmouth Park. ca. 1870s. The New Jersey Coast and Pines.


Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Resorts & Recreation an Historic Theme Study of the New Jersey Coastal Heritage Trail Route: The Atlantic Shore—Middlesex, Monmouth, Ocean, Burlington, Atlantic, and Cape May Counties / Sarah Allaback, editor; Charles C. Milliken, layout, design, & contributing editor.

p. cm.
Includes bibliography.

1. Coastal Heritage Trail Route (N.J.)—History. 2. Resorts—New Jersey—Coastal Heritage Trail Route—History. I. Allaback, Sarah, 1965- . II. Milliken, Charles C., 1949- . III. United States. National Park Service. New Jersey Coastal Heritage Trail Route.

F142.N48R47 1995
974.9' 00946-dc20

95-42434
CIP

Publication of this book was assisted by a grant from the New Jersey Historical Commission.









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