News Release

Federal historic preservation tax incentive projects certified by National Park Service generated $7 billion in GDP, 122,000 jobs in 2022

A graphic shows Fiscal Year 2022 highlights from the report, including $7.3 billion in total rehabilitation investment, $7 billion in gross domestic product (GDP), and 122,000 new jobs created.
The analysis and report by the Rutgers University’s Center for Urban Policy Research (CUPR) of the historic preservation tax incentives program through a cooperative agreement with the National Park Service.

This annual report is produced jointly by NPS and CUPR.

News Release Date: February 27, 2024


WASHINGTON – The National Park Service certified historic rehabilitation projects in fiscal year 2022 totaling $7.3 billion of private investments as part of the Federal Historic Preservation Tax Incentives Program, contributing more than $13.7 billion of output in goods and services to the United States economy, generating approximately 122,000 jobs, and adding an overall $7 billion in gross domestic product (GDP).  
The impacts are highlighted in the Annual Report on the Economic Impact of the Federal Historic Tax Credits for Fiscal Year 2022which was produced by the Rutgers University’s Center for Urban Policy Research through a cooperative agreement with NPS. The economic impact report includes state-by-state data and several case studies. 
Since its inception in 1976, the tax incentives program, commonly known as the Historic Tax Credit, has leveraged $235 billion in private investment to rehabilitate over 48,000 historic properties, producing more than 3.2 million jobs, $503.8 billion in output, and $251.6 billion in GDP.   
“Private investments in historic preservation are helping to revive abandoned or underutilized buildings into affordable housing, offices, creative spaces, community athletic centers, and more,” said National Park Service Director Chuck Sams. “These projects promote community revitalization in our nation’s cities and towns, along main streets and in rural areas, boosting the economy and creating thousands of jobs.”  
The tax incentives program provides a 20 percent federal tax credit to property owners who undertake a substantial rehabilitation of a historic building in a commercial or other income-producing use while maintaining its historic character. 
A common misconception about the program is that it only supports large projects and projects in large cities. According to this year’s report: 
  • Half of the certified rehabilitation projects were in low- and moderate-income areas. 
  • More than three-quarters (78 percent) of all projects were in economically distressed areas. 
  • Nearly a third (29 percent) of the projects certified were in communities of less than 50,000 people.   
While the economic impact report for FY 2022 is the most recent available report, project activity has continued to increase. In FY 2023, NPS certified 970 completed projects (a 13 percent increase over FY 2022), totaling $8.81 billion (34 percent increase over FY 2022) in private investment in historic rehabilitation. 
The program is administered by NPS and Internal Revenue Service, in partnership with State Historic Preservation Offices. NPS’ role is to certify that a building is historic, eligible for the program, and that the rehabilitation preserves the building’s historic character. The IRS is responsible for administering the other aspects of the tax credit under the Internal Revenue Code. 
The tax credit program’s 2022 annual report and 2023 annual report are also online. These reports include program statistics and examples of the many different types of buildings and rehabilitation projects across the nation that were certified by NPS in fiscal years 2022 and 2023.  
State Historic Preservation Offices are the first point of contact for information and guidance for property owners interested in the program, and NPS works closely with them in the administration of the program. 
Fiscal Year 2022 Highlights  
Economic Benefit   
  • Program-related investments generated $2.3 billion in construction and $2.0 billion in manufacturing. (As a result of both direct and multiplier effects, and due to the interconnectedness of the national economy, sectors not immediately associated with historic rehabilitation, such as agriculture, mining, transportation, and public utilities, benefited as well.)   
  • Total estimated rehabilitation investment (Qualified Rehabilitation Expenditures): $6.5 billion   
  • Historic rehabilitation projects certified: 858  
  • Estimated total jobs created: 122,000 (43,000 jobs in construction and 27,000 jobs in manufacturing)  
  • Output (Goods and Services): $13.7 billion   
  • Gross domestic product: $7.0 billion 
  • Income created: $5.2 billion 

Rehabilitation in Action  
Historic Name: Open Air School  
Current Name: Open Air Columbus  
Year Built: 1928  
Rehabilitation Completed: 2022  
Original Use: School  
New Use: Local small businesses, including café and restaurant  
Estimated Qualified Rehabilitation Expenditures: $5,003,100  
Estimated Total Project Cost: $6,588,100 
Perched on a wooded hill above the Olentangy River, the Open Air School is perfectly positioned for its historic use—an open-air school—and it seems particularly fitting that the rehabilitation of the school took place during the recent pandemic, when people gravitated outdoors to spend time together.  Read more about the project.

About the National Park Service. More than 20,000 National Park Service employees care for America's 429 national parks and sites and work with communities across the nation to help preserve local history and create close-to-home recreational opportunities. Learn more at and on FacebookInstagram, Twitter, and YouTube. 

Last updated: February 28, 2024