Animal life in the park is plentiful. A daytime hike might provide a glimpse of white-tail deer, a multitude of birds, fishes and reptiles throughout the park. As dusk falls, opossums, raccoons, bats, and other nocturnal creatures emerge to begin their search for food.
In 2007, the Cumberland Piedmont Network, sponsored by National Park Service, conducted a study at Carl Sandberg Home National Historic Site, Cowpens National Battlefield, Guilford Courthouse National Military Park, Kings Mountain National Military Park, and Ninety Six National Historic Site to document bat species at each site. The presence or absence of bats can indicate how healthy an ecosystem is. The researchers found at least 4 species of bats at Ninety Six National Historic Site.
For more information about bats, go the National Park Service page dedicated to them.
The park provides many specialized habitats and communities for plants. There are over 350 documented species of plants at the park including some species of concern. At least 15% of the plant species in the park are not native and natural environments are being threatened by invasive species.