Appalachian Spring Wildflower Art Contest Species Checklist

Fire Pink
 

Contest Species Checklist

All contest entries must be inspired by a native blooming Appalachian wildflower from this checklist. If a background is included in the piece, it should be representative of the plant’s natural habitat (local forest, river edge, or field) and in the appropriate blooming season. Multiple plants may be incorporated into the piece, but all blooms included must be from this list. The blossom should be the focal point of the piece, though appropriate wildlife from the same habitat may be included in the art. It is inappropriate for contest entries to include flowers in a pot, picked bouquets, flowers on a bridge or roadway, or with domestic animals.

This list highlights 100 native herbaceous and woody plants that bloom throughout the New River Gorge during spring and summer. These species are a small sample of the over 1,400 types of plants that grow in this area.
 

Sedge Family (Cyperaceae)

  • Fraser’s sedge Carex fraseri

Arum Family (Araceae)

  • Jack-in-the-pulpit Arisaema triphyllum

Spiderwort Family (Commelinaceae)

  • Ohio spiderwort Tradescantia ohiensis

Lily Family (Liliaceae)

  • Large-flowered bellwort Uvularia grandiflora
  • Yellow trout lily Erythronium americanum
  • False Solomon’s seal Smilacina racemosa
  • Fairy bells Disporum lanuginosum
  • Solomon’s seal Polygonatum biflorum
  • Nodding trillium Trillium cernuum
  • Red/ill-scented trillium Trillium erectum
  • Large-flowered trillium Trillium grandiflorum
  • Painted trillium Trillium undulatum

Iris Family (Iridaceae)

  • Crested iris Iris cristata

Orchis Family (Orchidaceae)

  • Pink lady’s slipper Cypripedium acaule
  • Large yellow lady’s slipper Cypripedium pubescens
  • Showy orchis Orchis spectabilis

Lizard’s Tail Family (Saururaceae)

  • Lizard’s tail Saururus cernuus

Birthwort Family (Aristolochiaceae)

  • Wild ginger Asarum canadense
  • Dutchman’s pipe Aristolochia macrophylla

Purslane Family (Portulacaceae)

  • Spring beauty Claytonia virginica

Pink Family (Caryophyllaceae)

  • Great chickweed Stellaria pubera
  • Fire Pink Silene virginica

Buttercup Family (Ranunculaceae)

  • Hooked crowfoot Ranunculus recurvatus
  • Rue anemone Anemonella thalictroides
  • Hepatica Hepatica nobilis
  • Wood anemone Anemone quinquefolia
  • Wild columbine Aquilegia canadensis
  • Dwarf larkspur Delphinium tricorne
  • Goldenseal Hydrastis canadensis

Barberry Family (Berberidaceae)

  • May-apple Podophyllum peltatum
  • Twinleaf Jeffersonia dipylla
  • Blue cohosh Caulophyllum thalictroides

Magnolia Family (Magnoliaceae)

  • Umbrella magnolia Magnolia tripetala
  • Tulip poplar Liriodendron tulipifera

Custard Apple Family (Annonaceae)

  • Pawpaw Asimina triloba

Laurel Family (Lauraceae)

  • White sassafras Sassafras albidum

Poppy Family (Papaveraceae)

  • Bloodroot Sanguinaria canadensis

Fumitory Family (Fumariaceae)

  • Squirrel corn Dicentra canadensis
  • Dutchman’s breeches Dicentra cucullaria

Mustard Family (Cruciferae)

  • Cutleaf toothwort Dentaria laciniata

Orpine Family (Crassulaceae)

  • Wild stonecrop Sedum ternatum

Saxifrage Family (Saxifragaceae)

  • Early saxifrage Saxifraga virginiensis
  • Foamflower Tiarella cordifolia
  • Miterwort/bishop’s cap Mitella diphylla

Rose Family (Rosaceae)

  • Common serviceberry Amelanchier arborea
  • Wild black cherry Prunus serotina

Purse Family (Leguminosae)

  • Redbud Cercis canadensis
  • Black locust Robinia pseudo-acacia

Wood Sorrel Family (Oxalidaceae)

  • Great yellow wood sorrel Oxalis grandis

Geranium Family (Genaniaceae)

  • Wild geranium Geranium maculatum

Cashew Family (Anacardiaceae)

  • Poison ivy Toxicodendron radicans

Holly Family (Aquifoliaceae)

  • American holly Ilex opaca

Maple Family (Aceraceae)

  • Striped maple Acer pensylvanicum

Horse-chestnut Family (Hippocastanaceae)

  • Yellow buckeye Aeculus octandra

Violet Family (Violaceae)

  • Common blue violet Viola papilionacea
  • Halberd-leaf yellow violet Viola hastata
  • Downy yellow violet Viola pubescens
  • Canada violet Viola canadensis
  • Long-spurred violet Viola rostrata

Sour Gum Family (Nyssaceae)

  • Black gum Nyssa sylvatica

Ginseng Family (Araliaceae)

  • Dwarf ginseng Panax trifolius

Carrot Family (Umbelliferae)

  • Hairy sweet cicely Osmorhiza claytoni
  • Golden alexander Zizia aurea

Dogwood Family (Cornaceae)

  • Flowering dogwood Cornus florida

Wintergreen Family (Pyrolaceae)

  • Spotted wintergreen Chimaphila maculata
  • Indian pipe Monotropa uniflora

Heath Family (Ericaceae)

  • Great rhododendron Rhododendron maximum
  • Catawba rhododendron Rhododendron catawbiense
  • Flame azalea Rhododendron calendulaceum
  • Mountain laurel Kalmia latifolia
  • Sourwood Oxydendrum arboreum
  • Trailing arbutus Epigaea repens
  • Lowbush blueberry Vaccinium angustifolium

Diapensia Family (Diapensiaceae)

  • Galax Galax aphylla

Primrose Family (Primulaceae)

  • Fringed loosestrife Lysimachia ciliata

Storax Family (Styracaceae)

  • Carolina silverbells Halesia carolina

Milkweed Family (Asclepiadaceae)

  • Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa
  • Common milkweed Asclepias syriaca

Polemonium Family (Polemoniaceae)

  • Moss phlox Phlox subulata
  • Wild blue phlox Phlox divaricata

Waterleaf Family (Hydrophyllaceae)

  • Appendaged waterleaf Hydrophyllum appendiculatum

Borage Family (Boraginaceae)

  • Smaller forget-me-not Myosotis laxa
  • Virginia bluebells Mertensia virginica

Mint Family (Labiatae)

  • Hairy skullcap Scutellaria elliptica
  • Lyre-leaved sage Salvia lyrata
  • Bee balm/oswego tea Monarda didyma
  • Hoary mountain-mint Pycnanthemum incanum

Figwort Family (Scrophulariaceae)

  • Foxglove beardtongue Penstemon digitalis
  • Culver’s-root Veronicastrum virginicum
  • Winged monkey-flower Mimulus alatus
  • Common lousewort/wood betony Pedicularis canadensis
  • Smooth yellow foxglove Aureolaria flava

Madder Family (Rubiaceae)

  • Common bedstraw Galium aparine
  • Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis
  • Partridge berry Mitchella repens
  • Bluets Houstonia caerulea

Honeysuckle Family (Caprifoliaceae)

  • Hobblebush Viburnum alnifolium
  • Red elderberry Sambucus pubens

Composite Family (Compositae)

  • Daisy fleabane Erigeron strigosus
  • Golden ragwort Senecio aureus

Last updated: December 4, 2017

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