A grasshopper sparrow perches on a post.
Grasshopper sparrow (ammodramus savannarum)


Located along the eastern flyway with a mix of grassland, forest, and riparian habitats, 168 species have been documented within the park.

Historically, the rolling fields in Manassas National Battlefield Park were used for agricultural purposes. Since many grassland birds in Virginia are on the decline, one of the park's goals is to promote better quality habitat for grassland birds, while still maintaining the agricultural heritage of the park. To this end, we are maintaining grass and shrub lands using a combination of agricultural (hay) leases and mowing by our maintenance staff.

Declining grassland species known to occur in the park include: the eastern meadowlark (Sturnella magma), barn owl (Tyto alba), northern harrier (Circus cyaneus), savannah sparrow (Passerculus sandwichensis), and the grasshopper sparrow (Ammodramus savannarum). The barn owl is endangered in seven states and is listed as a species of "special concern" in two states.

Ten species of special concern occur within the park.

A woodcock lays low among tall grass, its mottled camouflage making it nearly invisible.
A nesting American woodcock hides in the tall grass at Manassas National Battlefield Park (2018).

NPS / Nathan King

We have installed nest boxes throughout the park. Presently, the park has barn owl, kestrel, and bluebird boxes.

Many birds live in the park year-round, but many others are only seen in the winter or summer, while still others only pass through in the spring and fall.

Because of the diverse habitats in Manassas National Battlefield Park, you can spot a great diversity of birds.

For tips on birdwatching, see Birding for Beginners, a helpful guide for getting started finding and identifying birds in your neighborhood.


Bird species list


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Last updated: October 28, 2022

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12521 Lee Highway
Manassas, VA 20109


703 361-1339 x0

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