No one knows exactly when the first people came to the Canadian River region of the Texas Panhandle, but archaeological evidence dates back over 13,000 years ago. The earliest people were nomadic hunter-gatherers who followed available game and ripening plants. Evidence of their existence has been found throughout the area.
Around 1150 A.D., the Antelope Creek people built homes and quarried Alibates Flint along this section of the Canadian River over a period of 300 years. The Antelope Creek people apparently left the Texas Panhandle around 1450 A.D. as the Spanish, who arrived by the mid-1500s recorded no evidence of them.