One of five parks within William Penn's "Greene Countrie Towne," Washington Square later became a burial ground for the dead, and a gathering place for the living. Today, city residents and tourists enjoy strolling, picnicking, and people-watching in this urban oasis.
Twice this house sheltered George Washington. In 1793, he took refuge here from the deadly yellow fever epidemic in Philadelphia. The following summer, it was a welcome retreat from the heat of the capital city. Also known as the Deshler-Morris House, the home gets it name from its first and last owners.
Located on the corner of 5th and Arch Streets, the Free Quaker Meeting House is an 18th century structure with a story to tell about non-conformists, the intersection of religion and politics, and the power of community.
Future First Lady Dolley Madison lived in this house with her first husband, John Todd, from 1791-1793. John died during the 1793 yellow fever epidemic. Following her husband's death, Dolley married James Madison, who later became the fourth president of the United States.
The Bishop White House is the home of William White, a beloved rector of Christ Church and St. Peter's Church for many years. He was the first Episcopal Bishop of Pennsylvania, and lived in this house from the time it was built in 1787 until his death in 1836. Bishop White owned many of the items on display in the house.
From 1790 to 1800, Philadelphia served as the temporary capital of the U.S. During that time, the U.S. Congress met in Congress Hall. The House of Representatives met on the first floor while the Senate convened upstairs. Presidents George Washington (second term) and John Adams both took the oath of office in this building.
In 1776, the Second Continental Congress signed the Declaration of Independence here. Eleven years later, in the same room, delegates to the Constitutional Convention created and signed an enduring framework of government - the United States Constitution. Although known today as Independence Hall, the building was constructed to be the Pennsylvania State House. It once housed all three branches of Pennsylvania’s colonial government.
Explore the design vocabulary of Georgian architecture as it appears in the Central Hall and Tower Stair Hall of Independence Hall. These rooms retain many of their 18th century features, such as carved masks, stair ornamentation and a Venetian window.
Easily recognizable because of its crack, the Liberty Bell remains significant today for it's message of liberty. Abolitionists, women's suffrage activists, civil rights leaders and others have used this bell as their symbol in the fight for equality.
This building, completed in 1791, once served as City Hall for Philadelphia. During the 1790s, the courtroom was used by the Supreme Court of the United States. City Council met on the second floor while court convened below.
The President's House: Freedom and Slavery in the Making of a New Nation is an outdoor exhibit that examines the paradox between slavery and freedom in the founding of the nation. Presidents Washington and Adams both lived and worked, along with their households, at a home that once stood on this spot.
Working in rooms rented from bricklayer Jacob Graff, Thomas Jefferson drafted a declaration espousing the political ideas of the enlightenment philosophers. The house went through many alterations in the 1800s before being demolished. The National Park Service reconstructed it in 1975.
Although closed to the public, the First Bank of the United States can be viewed from the exterior. The creation of the bank was a controversial issue in the early years of the United States. Today, the building is a popular spot for wedding photos. It is located on 3rd Street, between Chestnut and Walnut Streets.