Finding Aid -- Constance M. Greiff Administrative History Project Working Files

These files contain research materials used in the creation of the park's first published administrative history. The documents span 1939-1988.
Catalog Number: 57627
 
 

Copyright and Restrictions

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History

Independence National Historical Park (INDE) was authorized by an act of Congress on June 28, 1948, and was formally established on July 4, 1956, "preserving for the benefit of the American people as a national historical park certain historical structures and properties of outstanding and national significance…associated with the American Revolution and the founding and growth of the United States." Located in the Society Hill, Old City, and Germantown neighborhoods of Philadelphia, Independence National Historical Park encompasses not only such famous sites and artifacts as Independence Hall, Congress Hall, and the Liberty Bell, but over twenty other structures, gardens, squares, and cemeteries.

In 1985, the park published its first administrative history, Independence: The Creation of a National Park. Written by contract historian Constance M. Greiff of Heritage Studies Inc., the book explains how the park was first established and traces its development through the early 1980s. It is divided into nine chapters, each describing a major phase in the park's history. The book concludes with a discussion of the park's Bicentennial celebrations in 1976, a period in which many special projects at the park originated, including the administrative history project. The idea for Independence was conceived in conjunction with the Bicentennial Oral History Project and was funded by INDE and the Eastern National Parks and Monuments Association.

Administrative history projects serve many important purposes for National Park Service units. Administrative histories are an opportunity for the National Park Service to record, preserve, and analyze its own history. Written primarily for current and future park managers and staff, administrative histories inform contemporary and future policy and decision-making. Furthermore, administrative histories situate national parks within broader social, political, and historical contexts. They record movements leading to a park's establishment, provide legislative background, and tell a history that extends beyond park administration. Administrative histories also reveal how the park service meets the needs of the public and interprets American history. With Independence, Greiff not only tells the story of INDE's history, but paints a more nuanced picture of the park in relation to the City of Philadelphia, the state of Pennsylvania, and the country as a whole.

Greiff relied on documentary evidence including correspondence, memoranda, and reports created by the park's staff and its early founders, as well as newspaper clippings and published articles. She also interviewed a number of individuals who were influential in the first thirty years of the park's history. These interviews remain a fascinating source of information about one of the nation's most notable parks.

An abridged version of the administrative history was published as Independence: The Creation of a National Park by the University of Pennsylvania Press in 1987.
 

Scope and Content

Independence National Historical Park Constance M. Greiff Administrative History Project Working Files
1939-1988 and Undated


Catalog Number: INDE 57627

Volume: 6 LF

Description: The Constance M. Greiff Administrative History Project Working Files contains research materials used in the creation of Independence: The Creation of a National Park. Materials include correspondence, memoranda, reports, newspaper clippings, photographs, and audiocassette tapes, in addition to Greiff's working files and notes. This collection also contains transcripts of interviews from three separate oral history projects.
This collection spans the years 1939-1988, and contains materials that pre-date the park and post-date the publication of the administrative history. Researchers should note that most of the historical research material are photocopies of the original document or photograph.

Organization:
This series is organized into six series:
  • Series I: Interviews and Biographical Information
  • Series II: Building Research Files
  • Series III: Topic Research Files
  • Series IV: Working Files
  • Series V: Manuscript: Independence: The Creation of a National Park
  • Series VI: Oral History Interview Tapes
Restrictions: No

 

Hierarchy

Series I: Interviews and Biographical Information, [1947-1988], undated (bulk dates: 1969-1982)

Series II: Building Research Files, [1941-1984], undated

Series III: Topic Research Files, [1947-1984], undated

Series IV: Working Files, [1939-1983], undated

Series V: Manuscript: Independence: The Creation of a National Park, 1982, 1985

Series VI: Oral History Interview Tapes, 1980-1984, undated

 

Series Descriptions

Series I: Interviews and Biographical Information, [1947-1988], undated (bulk dates: 1969-1982)
This series is arranged alphabetically by the individual's last name.
Series I contains transcripts of interviews with individuals involved with the founding of the park and the first thirty years of its administration. These interviews reflect three separate oral history projects. The first round of interviews were conducted from 1969-1970 by the Columbia University Oral History Research Office (later renamed the Columbia Center for Oral History), and predominately feature interviews with park historians and superintendents. After INDE's Bicentennial celebrations in 1976, the park launched its Bicentennial Oral History Project, in which 75 park service staff members were interviewed. This series also includes oral history interviews conducted by Constance Greiff from 1980-1984. Some interview transcript files also contain correspondence as well as biographical information in the form of resumes, newspaper clippings, and other articles relating to the interview subject. Researchers should note that the date span of the series represents the original dates of the interview material. In many cases, these interviews are accompanied by Greiff's notes from the early 1980s. One of these interviews post-dates the publication of "Independence".

Series II: Building Research Files, [1941-1984], undated
This series is arranged alphabetically by building. Research files on related non-park structures can be found at the end of the series.
Series II contains Greiff's research files on individual park buildings such as the Bishop White House, Franklin Court, and Independence Hall. Materials include correspondence, articles, newspaper clippings, and reports related to the restoration and reconstruction of several park structures, as well as buildings that had been demolished, including the Jayne Building. Researchers should note that the date span of the series represents the original dates of photocopied research material. In many cases, these photocopies are accompanied by Greiff's notes from the early 1980s.

Series III: Topic Research Files, [1947-1984], undated
This series is arranged alphabetically by topic.
Series III contains materials on a number of subjects related to the development of Independence National Historical Park. It includes correspondence, reports, newspaper clippings, and published articles, as well as excerpts from books on Philadelphia history. This series also contains Greiff's lists of manuscript source materials. Researchers should note that the date span of the series represents the original dates of photocopied research material. In many cases, these photocopies are accompanied by Greiff's notes from the early 1980s.

Series IV: Working Files, [1939-1983], undated
This series is arranged alphabetically.
Series IV contains material collected by Greiff over the course of researching the book. Much of the series is composed of photocopies of early documents related to the founding of the park, including early correspondence and reports from the Independence Hall Association, the Independence National Historical Park Advisory Committee, and the enabling legislation that established the park. Documents regarding park planning can also be found here, as well as Superintendent's reports, interpretive plans, and newspaper clippings. Researchers should note that the date span of the series represents the original dates of photocopied research material. In many cases, these photocopies are accompanied by Greiff's notes from the early 1980s.

Series V: Manuscript: Independence: The Creation of a National Park, 1982, 1985

This series is arranged alphabetically.
Series IV contains two copies of the administrative history report: one a published copy of the book, the other, Greiff's manuscript typescript copy. The photographs, maps, and illustrations from the manuscript copy of "Independence" have been separated into folders. This series also contains Greiff's outline for the final document.

Series VI: Oral History Interview Tapes, 1980-1984, undated

This series is arranged alphabetically by the individual's last name.
Series VI contains audiocassette tapes of interviews that Constance Greiff conducted while researching "Independence". Interview subjects include such notable individuals in the history of the park as architect Penelope Hartshorne Batcheler, Superintendent Hobart "Hobie" Cawood, architect Charles E. Peterson, and Philadelphia city planner Edmund Bacon. This series also includes and audiocassette recording of Constance Greiff presenting a talk entitled "The Wars of Independence" at the Athenaeum of Philadelphia's annual meeting in 1982.
 

Container List

Box 1

SERIES I: INTERVIEWS AND BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION, [1947-1988], undated (bulk dates: 1969-1982)

Folder 1: Anderson, Melford O., 1970
Folder 2: Anderson, Melford O., 1981-1986, undated
Folder 3: Anderson, Melford O., circa 1982
Folder 4: Appelman, Roy, 1947-1950, 1969
Folder 5: Bacon, Edmund, 1982
Folder 6: Bacon, Edmund, 1970
Folder 7: Batcheler, Penelope Hartshorne, 1976-1977
Folder 8: Batcheler, Penelope Hartshorne, 1980
Folder 9: Batcheler, Penelope Hartshorne, 1980
Folder 10: Batcheler, Penelope Hartshorne, 1980-1981
Folder 11: Benson, Don, 1978-1982
Folder 12: Borie, Lysbeth Boyd, 1969
Folder 13: Bradley, Michael J., 1969
Folder 14: Brooks, Chester, 1976
Folder 15: Brooks, Chester, 1982
Folder 16: Brooks, Chester, 1984, undated
Folder 17: Burks, Maria, 1977
Folder 18: Campbell, William: Interview, 1980
Folder 19: Carson, Mrs. Joseph: Interview, 1970
Folder 20: Cawood, Addie Lou: Interview, 1982
Folder 21: Cawood, Hobart "Hobie" G.: Interview, 1977
Folder 22: Cawood, Hobart "Hobie" G., 1976
Folder 23: Cawood, Hobart "Hobie" G., 1982
Folder 24: Cawood, Hobart "Hobie" G., 1982
Folder 25: Connally, Ernest Allan, 1981
Folder 26: Connally, Ernest Allan, 1981
Folder 27: Coryell, Lawrence B., 1977
Folder 28: Cotter, John L., 1969, 1977-1982
Folder 29: Dorman, Charles, 1981
Folder 30: Everhart, William C., 1981
Folder 31: Gianopulos, Nick, 1982

Box 2

Folder 1: Goodman, Bernard, 1982
Folder 2: Hanson, Hodge, 1981-1984
Folder 3: Hartzog, George B., Jr., 1971
Folder 4: Hosmer, Charles B., Jr., 1982
Folder 5: Judd, Henry A., 1988
Folder 6: Kahler, Herbert, 1969
Folder 7: Kaufmann, Arthur C., 1969
Folder 8: Kimball, David A., 1982
Folder 9: Kurjack, Dennis, 1970
Folder 10: Larson, Roy, 1969
Folder 11: Larue, Howard, 1977
Folder 12: Lee, Ronald F., 1981
Folder 13: Lewis, Edwin O., 1969-1970
Folder 14: Lewis, Edwin O., 1956, 1974
Folder 15: Magaziner, Henry, 1982
Folder 16: Marshall, Joan, 1977
Folder 17: Massey, James, 1981
Folder 18: McCosker, M. Joseph, 1969
Folder 19: Milley, John, 1977
Folder 20: Milley, John, 1982
Folder 21: Murtagh, William J., 1981
Folder 22: Nelson, Lee, 1981
Folder 23: Ostroff, Isidor, 1969
Folder 24: Palmer, George A., 1982
Folder 25: Palmer, George A., 1980
Folder 26: Palmer, George A., 1980
Folder 27: Palmer, George A., 1980-1984
Folder 28: Peterson, Charles E., 1981
Folder 29: Peterson, Charles E., 1947
Folder 30: Peterson, Charles E., 1965-1969, 1980-1984
Folder 31: Peterson, Charles E., 1969
Folder 32: John D. R. Platt, 1977
Folder 33: John D.R. Platt, 1980-1984
Folder 34: Rafsky, Bill, 1982
Folder 35: Riley, Edward, 1970, 1983
Folder 36: Sacks, Leon, 1969
Folder 37: Scott, Hardy, 1970

Box 3

Folder 1: Sullivan, James R., 1977
Folder 2: Sweeny, Ross, 1982
Folder 3: Thomson, Ronald B., 1977
Folder 4: Warnock, Douglas G., 1977
Folder 5: Warnock, Douglas G., 1977
Folder 6: Weinberg, Alan, 1981
Folder 7: Wirth, Conrad L., 1982
Folder 8: Wister, Thomas, 1982
Folder 9: Yoelson, Martin, 1980-1981
Folder 10: Yoelson, Martin, 1977
Folder 11: Other interviews: Alec "Sonny" Baumier, John F. De Lay, Grant Simon, Robert Steenhagen, Gerhard R. Tegeder, Richard Tyler, and Richard Wittpenn, 1980- 1981
 
SERIES II: BUILDING RESEARCH FILES, [1941-1984], undated

Folder 12: Bishop White House, undated
Folder 13: Christ Church, 1950, 1965, 1977
Folder 14: City Tavern, circa 1982
Folder 15: Congress Hall, undated
Folder 16: Contributionship Stable, 1958-1960
Folder 17: Franklin Court, 1951-1981
Folder 18: Franklin Court, 1961-1969
Folder 19: Franklin Court, 1968-1971
Folder 20: Franklin Court, 1972
Folder 21: Franklin Court, 1972-1973
Folder 22: Franklin Court, 1973-1982
Folder 23: Independence Hall, circa 1981
Folder 24: Independence Hall, 1951
Folder 25: Independence Hall, 1950-1955
Folder 26: Independence Hall, 1954-1957
Folder 27: Independence Hall, 1959-1960
Folder 28: Independence Hall, 1961-1966
Folder 29: Independence Hall, 1965-1967
Folder 30: Independence Hall, 1968-1971
Folder 31: Planning and data on other INHP buildings, 1941-1962, 1981-1982
Folder 32: Planning and data on other INHP buildings, 1973
Folder 33: Planning and data on other INHP buildings, 1972-1982
Folder 34: Planning and data on other INHP buildings, 1961-1969
Folder 35: Jayne & Penn Mutual Buildings, 1953-1957
Folder 36: Miscellaneous articles, 1956, 1984

Box 4

SERIES III: TOPIC RESEARCH FILES, [1947-1984], undated

Folder 1: Archeological investigations, 1954, 1979, 1981
Folder 2: Architects in the park, 1979-1980
Folder 3: Architects in the park, 1979, undated
Folder 4: Bicentennial (1976), 1974-1982
Folder 5: Bicentennial (1976), 1970-1978
Folder 6: City planning, undated
Folder 7: Eastern National Parks and Monuments Association, 1959-1965, 1981
Folder 8: Federal Record Center – Suitland, MD, undated
Folder 9: Federal Record Center – Wissahickon, PA, 1955-1959, undated
Folder 10: Federal Record Center – Wissahickon, PA, 1963-1964, 1981-1982
Folder 11: Federal Record Center – Wissahickon, PA, 1966-1973, 1980-1981
Folder 12: Historic Architecture Building Survey (HABS) – Role at INHP, 1950, undated
Folder 13: Hosmer, Charles – Book draft, undated
Folder 14: Hosmer, Charles – Book draft, undated
Folder 15: Hosmer, Charles – Book draft, undated
Folder 16: I&VS (Interpretation Division) monthly reports, 1950-1956
Folder 17: I&VS (Interpretation Division) monthly reports, 1960-1964
Folder 18: I&VS (Interpretation Division) monthly reports, 1965-1969
Folder 19: I&VS (Interpretation Division) monthly reports, 1970-1975
Folder 20: Independence National Historical Park Interpretive Prospectus, 1970
Folder 21: Independence National Historical Park and the National Park Service, circa 1979- 1980
Folder 22: Independence National Historical Park and the National Park Service, circa 1976
Folder 23: Independence National Historical Park and the National Park Service, circa 1974
Folder 24: Indexed materials, 1951-1967, 1981-1982
Folder 25: Indexed materials, 1947-1972, undated
Folder 26: Interpretation, circa 1979
Folder 27: Manuscript papers – Information sources, 1980-1982
Folder 28: Manuscript papers – Information sources, 1980
Folder 29: National Archives, 1966, 1980
Folder 30: Penn's Landing and the Delaware Expressway, 1961-1966, undated
Folder 31: "Philadelphia History" by Joseph S. Clark, Jr. and Dennis J. Clark, Chapter 15: Rally and Relapse, 1946-1970, undated (1 of 2)
Folder 32: "Philadelphia History" by Joseph S. Clark, Jr. and Dennis J. Clark, Chapter 15: Rally and Relapse, 1946-1970, undated (2 of 2)

Box 5

Folder 1: Photographs, 1982
Folder 2: Research program at the park, 1952-1968
Folder 3: Research program at the park, 1953-1959
Folder 4: Research program at the park, 1958
Folder 5: Research program at the park, 1958-1959
Folder 6: Research program at the park, 1959-1965
Folder 7: Society Hill, 1957, 1982-1983, undated
Folder 8: Unindexed materials, circa 1982-1984
 
SERIES IV: WORKING FILES, [1939-1983], undated

Folder 9: Addresses, undated
Folder 10: Chronologies of park/region files, undated
Folder 11: Congressional Bills, testimony, and reports, 1942-1948
Folder 12: Congressional Bills, testimony, and reports, 1947-1948, 1971
Folder 13: Contracts, 1961-1976, 1980-1983
Folder 14: Ewing Company contract, 1958-1959
Folder 15: Historic Structures Report (origins), 1956
Folder 16: Independence Hall and City of Philadelphia administration, 1950
Folder 17: Independence Hall Association, 1942-1960, 1980
Folder 18: Independence Hall Association, 1940-1943
Folder 19: Independence Hall Association, 1942-1946
Folder 20: INHP: Advisory Commission, 1955-1957, 1981
Folder 21: INHP: Advisory Commission, 1959-1962, 1981
Folder 22: INHP: Advisory Commission, 1968-1971, 1981
Folder 23: INHP: Advisory Commission, 1972-1974, 1981
Folder 24: INHP: Advisory Commission, 1973-1976, 1981
Folder 25: INHP: Area A planning, 1954-1958, 1969
Folder 26: INHP: Area B planning, 1959
Folder 27: INHP: Area E planning, 1959
Folder 28: INHP: Area F planning, 1976
Folder 29: INHP: Area F planning, 1958-1967

Box 6

Folder 1: INHP: Cooperative Agreements, 1954, 1978, undated
Folder 2: INHP: Drawings Index, 1980
Folder 3: INHP: Drawings Index, 1980
Folder 4: INHP: Early plans for the park/ Independence Mall, 1939-1960
Folder 5: INHP: Land acquisition and demolition, 1980, undated
Folder 6: INHP: Park planning chronology, undated
Folder 7: INHP: Superintendent's reports, 1951-1952, undated
Folder 8: INHP: Superintendent's reports, 1976-1981
Folder 9: INHP: Superintendent's reports, 1965-1967
Folder 10: Interpretive schemes, 1950, 1981
Folder 11: Interpretive schemes, 1959
Folder 12: Interpretive schemes, 1954-1961
Folder 13: Legislation, 1951-1953
Folder 14: Lewis papers, 1945-1950
Folder 15: Magnolia Garden, 1955, 1981
Folder 16: Master Plan, 1950-1976
Folder 17: Master Plan, 1952-1954, undated
Folder 18: Master Plan, 1953-1954
Folder 19: Master Plan, 1954-1956
Folder 20: Master Plan, 1957-1959
Folder 21: Master Plan, 1959-1960
Folder 22: Master Plan, 1960-1962
Folder 23: Master Plan, 1964-1969
Folder 24: Master Plan drawings, 1981
Folder 25: Mumford, Lewis: Articles, 1956
Folder 26: National Park Service, 1980
Folder 27: National Park Service Advisory Board on National Parks, Monuments, and Historic Sites, 1971, undated
Folder 28: "National Park Service: Officials" – Directory, 1972
Folder 29: Newspaper clippings, 1940-1981
Folder 30: Newspaper clippings, 1948-1959
Folder 31: Newspaper clippings, 1953-1971
Folder 32: Philadelphia history, circa 1980
Folder 33: Special events, 1953-1961, 1981
 
Box 7

SERIES V: MANUSCRIPT: INDEPENDENCE: THE CREATION OF A NATIONAL PARK 1982, 1985

Folder 1: Independence: The Creation of a National Park (published copy), 1985 (1 of 3)
Folder 2: Independence: The Creation of a National Park (published copy), 1985 (2 of 3)
Folder 3: Independence: The Creation of a National Park (published copy), 1985 (3 of 3)
Folder 4: Independence: The Creation of a National Park (typescript copy), 1985 (1 of 3)
Folder 5: Independence: The Creation of a National Park (typescript copy), 1985 (2 of 3)
Folder 6: Independence: The Creation of a National Park (typescript copy), 1985 (3 of 3)
Folder 7: Independence: The Creation of a National Park (typescript copy) – Illustrations, 1985 (1 of 4)
Folder 8: Independence: The Creation of a National Park (typescript copy) – Illustrations, 1985 (2 of 4)
Folder 9: Independence: The Creation of a National Park (typescript copy) – Illustrations, 1985 (3 of 4)
Folder 10: Independence: The Creation of a National Park (typescript copy) – Illustrations, 1985 (4 of 4)
Folder 11: Independence: The Creation of a National Park (typescript copy) – Illustrations (photocopy), 1985

Box 8

Folder 1: Outline for the History of Independence National Historical Park, February 1982

Box 9

SERIES VI: ORAL HISTORY INTERVIEW TAPES, 1980-1984, undated

Anderson, Melford O. [2 tapes], March 1982
Bacon, Edmund, undated
Batcheler, Penelope Hartshorne [2 tapes], November 1980
Brooks, Chester [3 tapes], March 1982
Campbell, William, November 1980
Cawood, Addie Lou [2 tapes], February 1982
Cawood, Hobart "Hobie" G. [2 tapes], February 1982
Connally, Ernest [2 tapes] – Interview with William J. Murtagh included, February 1981
Dorman, Charles [2 tapes], March 1981
Dutcher, David, June 1982
Everhart, William C., April 1981
Gianopulos, Nick, April 1982
Goodman, Bernard [2 tapes], February 1982
Hosmer, Charles B. Jr., June 1982

Box 10

Kahler, Herbert, June 1982
Kaufmann, Arthur C., April 1982
Kimball, David A., April 1982
Magaziner, Henry, April 28, 1982
Massey, James, March 1981
Milley, John, April 1982
Nelson, Lee, March 1981
Palmer, George A. [3 tapes], January 1981-February 1982
Peterson, Charles E. [3 tapes], January 1981
Platt, John D. R., April 1981-October 1984
Sweeny, Ross, April 1982
Wirth, Conrad L. [2 tapes], January 1982
Yoelson, Martin [2 tapes], March-September 1981
Greiff, Constance: "The Wars of Independence", April 1982

Last updated: January 16, 2018

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