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Average Temperatures and Precipitation

The table below is based on average temperatures and precipitation at Pine Springs area at an elevation of nearly 5,700 feet above sea level. At the higher mountain elevations temperatures average 5–10 degrees cooler during the day and 0-5 degrees cooler at night. The mountains also receive more precipitation and higher winds. The lower desert of the Salt Basin Dunes and Williams Ranch average 5–10 degrees warmer during the day and is 0-5 degrees warmer at night (except winter when its 0-7 degrees cooler) and receives less precipitation.

Month Max Temp
Average (°F)
Min Temp
Average (°F)
Monthly Precip. Average (inches)
January 53.9 31.5 .63
February 56.2 34.1 .70
March 63.4 39.5 .54
April 70.7 45.7
May 78.8 88.2 .85
June 87.5 63.5 1.52
July 87.2 64 2.78
August 84.4 62 3.11
September 80.1 58 2.29
October 71.9 49.7 1.34
November 61 39.2 .96
December 53.9 33.2 .77

Conditions Through the Year

Sunshine is abundant most of the year. Spring and Fall are typically warm and pleasant and are the parks busiest seasons.

November through March is the windy season in the Guadalupe Mountains, with winds above 30MPH often, and gusts ranging from 50-80MPH.

June-August are the hottest months. Visitors should be familiar with heat safety. The rainy season runs from May through September, with locally heavy thunderstorms and some flash flooding. The rainy season can be a delightful time to visit since afternoon and evening rains often cool temperatures.

Fall quickly melds into winter which is pleasantly mild and usually sunny, although periods of cloudy weather and freezing cold do occur. Snow and ice are common at high elevations throughout the season. Winter visitors must prepare for a variety of conditions.

Elevation is Everything

Most weather forecasts highlight the temperature at Park Headquarters which lies at nearly 5,700 feet. Temperatures in lower elevations such as the Williams Ranch Road and the Salt Basin Dunes will be approximately 10 degrees hotter. Temps in the higher elevations average approximately 10 degrees cooler. Be prepared for this kind of variation during your trip.

Dress for the Weather

No matter the time of year, a wide-brimmed hat, comfortable clothing and sturdy walking shoes or boots are necessary for anyone planning to explore outdoors. Sunscreen is a must and hikers should always carry plenty of water; one gallon per person per day is recommended. Summer visitors should be aware of heat safety, such as wearing clothing that protects from the sun and avoiding activity during midday. Winter visitors should be prepared for any weather; temperatures vary from below freezing to above 80 degrees Fahrenheit .

Last updated: January 9, 2023

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Salt Flat, TX 79847


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