The Frijole Ranch Area

A rocky trail leads to a ranch compound in a desert landscape.
Returning to Frijole Ranch from the Smith Spring Trail loop.

NPS Photo

Frijole Ranch is a delightful oasis on the edge of the dry, lower slopes of the Guadalupe escarpment which truly captures the rugged sprit of the American West. Today the Frijole Ranch History Museum occupies the old ranch headquarters, and displays the human history of the Guadalupes from Native Americans and the early ranching community to the establishment of a national park. Just outside is a tiny one-room schoolhouse and spring house that was constructed for water protection and storage. The cold, spring water which is channeled through the courtyard (once essential for subsistence and farming) provides precious moisture for the large shade trees and the grass that surrounds them. Shade and water, both scarce commodities in the desert, are coveted by a variety of species that frequent the area at dawn and dusk. As you look around, imagine what life may have been like in this remote West Texas locale.

Frijole Ranch is located 1½ miles northeast of the Pine Springs Visitor Center. The grounds are open from dusk to dawn, with picnic tables at the parking area and under the large shade trees in the courtyard. Bring your binoculars; this is and excellent location for birding and wildlife observation.
A stone wall with doors and windows forms the front of a ranch house

The Frijole Ranch Museum

Explore the sequential human history of the Guadalupes from Native Americans and ranchers to park visitors at the Frijole Ranch.

A desert spring with mountains in the background

Frijole Ranch Day Hikes

A number of short trails and access to the high-country all begin near the historic Frijole Ranch.

A metal fenced horse corral with a trailer

Bringing Horses and Stock

Overnight camping is authorized for permitted horse users at two locations in the park.

A man rides a horse in a desert landscape

Horseback Riding

Learn more about opportunities for camping and trail riding with stock in the park.

A full parking lot in a desert mountain landscape

Visiting When Its Busy

In the fall and spring the park can fill to capacity. Learn how to plan ahead for a flexible and enjoyable visit.

Last updated: November 1, 2022

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400 Pine Canyon
Salt Flat, TX 79847


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