Waterfowl Hunting Regulations

Open Season: Hunting is allowed during the open Waterfowl and Coot season(s) established for Florida, including the Youth Hunt Days. Dove hunting and hunting during the Special September Duck Season are not allowed within the Seashore boundaries. Visit www.MyFWC.com/duck for the annual waterfowl and coot season brochure, typically available in October. Only waterfowl with an open season established by the State of Florida may be taken.

Hunting Times: Permitted from 30 minutes before sunrise to sunset.

Hunting Areas: Hunting for waterfowl is permitted in two areas of the Seashore, up to the mean high water tide line only. See maps. The areas open to hunting are delineated on the maps. Hunting Area boundaries depicted along the shore are the approximate location of the mean high tide line. The Hunting Areas are open to both hunters and non-hunters during waterfowl hunting season. Note specific non-hunting areas listed.

Perdido Key Hunting Area – Located in the waters of the Big Lagoon area of Perdido Key under the Seashore jurisdiction from the western boundary beginning ½-mile east of the terminus of the Johnson Beach Road and visitor facilities to the eastern end of Perdido Key.

Santa Rosa Hunting Area – Located in the waters of Santa Rosa Sound under the Seashore jurisdiction from the western Seashore boundary at Big Sabine Point to the eastern Seashore boundary near Navarre Beach. A 150-yard no hunting buffer shall be maintained west and east of the picnic area at Opal Beach.

Access: Hunting areas within the Seashore may be accessed by water only. Access to hunting areas from land is prohibited.
Boats may be launched outside the Seashore boundaries or from designated boat ramps within the Seashore. Boats used for hunting shall be allowed to travel within areas closed to hunting, but traveling with loaded guns shall be prohibited in these areas.

Seagrass Beds: Precaution should be taken when approaching shoreline areas to avoid impacts to sensitive seagrass beds (subaquatic vegetation). Recommended precautionary measures for vessels with motors when approaching shoreline areas include turning motors off and tilting upward so as to be out of the water, or removal from the transom and gunnels. Use of electric (trolling) motors, paddling, and poling is recommended in these areas. Within the Red Fish and Spanish Cove areas of the Perdido Key Hunting Area the use of internal combustion engines is prohibited.Permitted hunters are allowed the use of electric (trolling) motors, sails or paddles in these seagrass beds within the hunting areas.

Youth Hunting: In accordance with State Law, youth hunters must remain in sight and normal voice contact with a state permitted adult hunter, 18 years of age or older.

Bait and Wanton Waste: You may not hunt over bait or place any bait, or other food for wildlife within the Seashore boundaries. The wanton and willful waste of wildlife is prohibited.

Hunting Blinds:
  • Hunting is permitted in temporary blinds (including boat blinds) located below the mean high water tide line.
  • Blinds must be removed at the end of each hunt.
  • Construction of permanent blinds and digging are prohibited.
  • All reused blind material, if brought in from outside the park, should be rinsed off-site with water prior to hunting, to help prevent bringing non-native pests into the Seashore.
  • The use of non-native plants or plant materials for the construction of blinds or transportation of non-native species into Seashore is strictly prohibited.
  • The harvesting of any Seashore plant materials for the construction of a blind is prohibited.
  • No person shall cut, damage, or remove any natural, man-made, or cultural resource without written authorization of the Seashore.
  • Discard blind materials outside of the Seashore and properly dispose of in accordance with Federal, State, and local laws. Littering is prohibited.

Hunting or Shooting: You may not shoot over any roadway. A minimum separation of 300 yards shall be required between hunting parties.

Personal Property: Such as blinds, decoy, boats andother gear must be removed from the field daily.

Dogs: The use of retrieval dogs is encouraged. Dogs must remain under the control of the hunter at all times. Dogs are permitted to cross the beach to retrieve downed waterfowl to avoid wanton waste, but must remain under control of the owner. Dogs are strictly prohibited from pursuing or harassing wildlife other than downed waterfowl and are strictly forbidden from roaming the shorelines, beaches, or upland areas within the Seashore.

Camping: Prohibited.

Professional Hunting Guides: Are required to obtain a Seashore/ NPS Commercial Use Authorization and have it in their possession while guiding.

Alcohol: The possession or consumption of alcoholic beverages is prohibited while engaged in hunting activities. State laws on alcohol consumption shall be enforced.

Glass: Glass containers are not allowed on the Seashore.

Hunting Equipment and Techniques
  • Persons hunting waterfowl at the Seashore shall comply with all Federal and State waterfowl hunting regulations. A summary of Federal regulations that pertain to migratory bird hunting is available at www.myfwc.com/hunting/by-species/waterfowl/.
  • No persons shall take migratory game birds with a trap, snare, net, rifle, pistol, swivel gun, shotgun larger than 10 gauge, punt gun, battery gun, machine gun, fish hook, poison, drug, explosive, or stupefying substance.
  • No persons shall take migratory game birds with a shotgun of any description capable of holding more than three shells, unless it is plugged with one-piece filler, incapable of removal without disassembling the gun, so its total capacity does not exceed three shells.
  • No persons shall take migratory game birds from or by means, aid, or use of a sinkbox or any other type of low floating device, having a depression affording the hunter a means of concealment beneath the surface of the water.
  • No persons shall take migratory game birds from or by means of any motorboat or other craft having a motor attached, or any sailboat, unless the motor has been completely shut off and/or the sails furled, and its progress there from has ceased.
  • Taking or attempting to take any game species in Florida with recorded game calls or sounds is prohibited (68A-12.002).
  • No persons shall take migratory game birds from or by means or aid of any motor driven land, water, or air conveyance, or any sailboat used for the purpose of or resulting in the concentrating, driving, rallying, or stirring up of any migratory bird.
  • No persons shall take migratory game birds from or by the aid of baiting, or on or over any baited area, where a person knows or reasonably should know that the area is or has been baited. Baiting means the direct or indirect placing, exposing, depositing, distributing, or scattering of salt, grain, or other feed that could serve as a lure or attraction for migratory game birds to, on, or over any areas where hunters are attempting to take them.
  • Non-toxic shot is required for waterfowl hunting. Possession of shells loaded with shot other than steel, bismuth/tin, tungsten/iron, or other shot approved by USFWS, is prohibited. A list of approved shot types can be found at:
  • http://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds/CurrentBirdIssues/nontoxic.htm.

Non-Hunting Areas:
  • Hunting within the Seashore shall be allowed only at the Perdido Key and Santa Rosa Hunting Areas in Escambia County, Florida as indicated in Maps 1 and 2.
  • A 150-yard no hunting buffer shall be maintained west and east of the picnic area at Opal Beach, Santa Rosa.
  • A ½-mile no hunting buffer shall be maintained east of the terminus of the Johnson Beach Road, Perdido Key .
  • The Seashore may execute protective (seasonal, temporary, or permanent) closure of areas to avoid impacts to protected species or protected species habitats.Any closures will be implemented prior to the opening of waterfowl hunting season, usually no later than November 15thannually.
  • Hunting or carrying loaded firearms shall be prohibited within areas posted as closed to hunting, posted as safety zones, or delineated as non-hunting areas.
  • Boats used for hunting shall be allowed to travel within areas closedto hunting, buttraveling with loaded guns shall be prohibited in these areas.

Repeat Violations: May result in the loss of hunting privileges within the Seashore.
Any person may be ejected from the area, including the revocation of their annual Seashore hunting permit, for disorderly conduct, intoxication, failure to abide by the federal, state, or Seashore-specific hunting regulations, or any other conduct which endangers the public welfare.
In addition to the above restrictions, all activities within the Seashore are subject to the Seashore Superintendent's Compendium that provides designations, closures, permit requirements and other restrictions imposed under the discretionary authority of the Superintendent of the Gulf Islands National Seashore.

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Last updated: January 3, 2017

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