Warfield House

A black and white photo of the Warfield house along Seminary Ridge. It is nestled in a grove of trees from a distance.
This image of the Warfield home, taken from the nearby Longstreet Tower, shows the landscape as it existed at the beginning of the 20th century. The National Park Service plans to rehabilitate the Warfield property to its 1863 appearance.

NPS Photo - circa 1902-1905

 
During the Battle of Gettysburg in July, 1863 the small 1 ½ story tall, two-room stone farmhouse belonged to James Warfield, his wife Eliza, and their family. Purchased within a year of the battle, Warfield operated a successful blacksmith shop in Adams County. The Warfields were members of Gettysburg’s African American community. As the Confederate Army approached, they fled, fearful of capture. The Warfield family returned to find their property damaged and their belongings taken by the two armies—James Warfield calculated his losses at $516.
 
An 1868 map depicts where the Warfield home is located in relation to the Peach Orchard.
The 1868 Warren map depicts where the Warfield house is located in relation to the Peach Orchard.

NPS Photo

Confederate troops occupied the Warfield property on the afternoon of July 2, 1863, and launched attacks against Union troops occupying the nearby Sherfy Peach orchard. Opposing artillery, less than 500 yards apart, filled the air with a storm of shot and shell.

 
Schematic drawings illustrate how the east (above) and south (below) elevations of the Warfield farmhouse may have looked at the time of the battle.
Schematic drawings illustrate how the east (above) and south (below) elevations of the Warfield farmhouse may have looked at the time of the battle.

NPS Photo

Schematic drawings illustrate how the east (above) and south (below) elevations of the Warfield farmhouse may have looked at the time of the battle. The roof slope extended past the stone walls at the east side to form a porch. Evidence suggests that the primary entrance door at the east elevation was the only door to the house.

 
National Park Service preservationists are at work restoring the James Warfield home. Restoration work will include re-establishing the original roofline and roof height, reconstructing sections of masonry walls, and recreating windows and doors.
National Park Service preservationists are at work restoring the James Warfield home. Restoration work will include re-establishing the original roofline and roof height, reconstructing sections of masonry walls, and recreating windows and doors.

NPS Photo

National Park Service preservationists are at work restoring the James Warfield home. Subsequent owners of the house made changes and additions to its size and footprint. Luckily, physical evidence of the many modifications to the house are visible to trained Park Service staff, and will allow preservation experts to stabilize and restore the home to its 1863 appearance. Restoration work will include re-establishing the original roofline and roof height; stabilizing and reconstructing sections of masonry walls; and recreating missing window and door components.

 
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Duration:
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National Park Service preservationists are at work restoring the James Warfield home. Subsequent owners of the house made changes and additions to its size and footprint. Luckily, physical evidence of the many modifications to the house are visible to trained Park Service staff, and will allow preservation experts to stabilize and restore the home to its 1863 appearance.

 
 

Last updated: February 11, 2020

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1195 Baltimore Pike
Gettysburg, PA 17325

Phone:

(717) 334-1124

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