Scientific studies have been conducted at Florissant since the 1870s. Maintaining an active research program is an important part of the monument’s mission. The paleontology program is overseen by the park paleontologist, Dr. Herb Meyer. The program conducts research, identifies and monitors fossil sites, publishes information, provides education to the public, helps research by other institutions, and collaborates with other paleontological sties both domestically and abroad.
Florissant Fossil Beds is "still digging" for fossils. It is part of the park's mission to conduct research-driven excavations as long as they are done in a scientific manner. Excavations are either conducted by the park paleontologist and staff, or by academic institutions with an approved research permit.