Cripple Creek Granite is 1.46 billion years old and is the oldest rock in the Pikes Peak area, but most of the pink to reddish-orange outcrops in the Florissant area are the Pikes Peak Granite which is approximately 1.08 billion years old (Wobus, 2001).
Echo Park Alluvium
The Eocene Echo Park Alluvium (not pictured in this map) filled narrow valleys near Florissant and small outcrops can be found south of Lower Twin Rocks Road. The reddish-brown boulder alluvium is poorly sorted and contains pieces of the older Precambrian rock. In places, the Wall Mountain Tuff was deposited directly on the Echo Park Alluvium.
Wall Mountain Tuff
Most of the sediments that were deposited in the Paleozoic were eroded away during the late Paleozoic uplift of the ancestral Rocky Mountains. By the late Eocene, erosion cut valleys that allowed new volcanic debris and sediments to be deposited. One of the volcanic deposits that filled these valleys was the Wall Mountain Tuff, which was part of an enormous pyroclastic flow that occurred approximately 37 million years ago. The superheated, gaseous flow originated from a caldera near Mount Princeton, 50 miles west of Florissant, and likely devastated the landscape of the Florissant area.
Tallahassee Creek Conglomerate
More than 2 million years passed between the deposition of the Wall Mountain Tuff and the formation of the ancient Lake Florissant. During that time, much of the Wall Mountain Tuff was eroded away, leaving only scattered hints of its once immense lateral expanse. In place of the Wall Mountain Tuff, the Tallahassee Creek Conglomerate filled some of the newly formed valleys.
The Guffey Volcanic Complex and Thirtynine Mile Andesite
The Guffey Volcanic Complex was part of the Thirtynine Mile Volcanic area, which was the source for much of the volcanic material to the Florissant valley. The volcanic area was dominated by a high stratovolcano that was centered around the modern community of Guffey. This volcano produced various kinds of eruptions, including ash and pumice, lahars (volcanic mudflows), and andesite lava flows.