Definitions - R

RCRA - Resource Conservation and Recovery Act

Reconnaissance Report
See Scoping Report.


  1. The act or process of depicting, by means of new work, the form, features, and detailing of a non-surviving historic structure or any part thereof, for the purpose of replicating its appearance at a specific time in its historic location;
  2. The resulting structure or part thereof.

Reconstruction (Cultural Landscape Report)
Reconstruction is defined as the act or process of depicting, by means of new construction, the form, features, and detailing of a non-surviving site, landscape, building, structure, or object for the purpose of replicating its appearance at a specific period of time and in its historic location.

Record of Decision (ROD)
The document which is prepared to substantiate a decision based on an analysis (e. g., an EIS). When applicable, it includes a detailed discussion of rationale and reasons for not adopting all mitigation measures analyzed.

Record of Treatment (Historic Structure Report)
Part 3, the compilation of information that documents the actual treatment of a structure. It includes accounting data, photographs, sketches, and narratives outlining the course of work, conditions encountered and materials used.

Regional Director
The senior-most manager of an NPS regional or support office with signatory authority.

The act or process of making possible an efficient compatible use for a historic structure or landscape through repair, alterations, and additions while preserving those portions or features which convey its historical, cultural and architectural values.

Rehabilitation (Cultural Landscape Report)
Rehabilitation is defined as the act or process of making possible a compatible use for a property through repair, alterations, and additions while preserving those portions or features which convey its historical or cultural values.

Rehabilitation (Without Expansion or Change of Function)
Renovation of an existing facility or any of its components in order to restore and/or extend the life of the facility. Because there is no expansion or change of function the work primarily addresses deferred maintenance.

Release of Claims
A release a contractor provides to the government after completion of the work under the contract. In doing so, the contractor releases the government from any claims, debts, liabilities, etc., as a result of the contract.

Remoteness Factor
The remoteness factor is calculated by factoring in the distance and difficulty of accessing a specific construction site within the NPS from the nearest commercial center. This factor can have a significant effect on the cost of construction. A substantial percentage of national park units are not located in a major city or commercial center, as represented in published location factors. Even units such as Statue of Liberty National Monument is considered remote from New York City or Newark, New Jersey, since it is on an island in New York Harbor. (Example: The nearest published location factor to the South Rim of Grand Canyon NP is Flagstaff, Arizona, which is located approximately 85 miles away. This distance will have an effect on the cost of material and labor.)

Repair (Historic Structure Report)
Action taken to correct deteriorated, damaged, or faulty materials or features of a structure.

Request for Information (RFI)
A document used to obtain price, delivery, other market information, or capabilities for planning purposes when the Government does not presently intend to issue a solicitation. (FAR 15.202(e))

Request for Proposal (RFP)
A solicitation for offers under negotiation procedures.

Request for Proposal (RFP) - Design-Build (DB)
A solicitation for offers that describes the Scope of Work to be accomplished. A Design-Build (DB) RFP typically includes the following:

  • Project Introduction
  • Project Requirements
  • Performance Requirements
  • Technical Specifications
  • Attachments

Requirements for Treatment (Historic Structure Report)
This section outlines compliance requirements to applicable laws, and regulations surrounding issues of life safety, fire protection, energy conservation, abatement of hazardous materials, and universal accessibility.

  • Laws, regulations, and codes: Code analysis of the entire structure is undertaken for the proposed use prior to execution of the ultimate treatment. When incremental treatment is proposed for a feature that is not compliant with codes, a code analysis for that feature should be undertaken and recommendations should be made for meeting the code. When an incremental treatment is proposed involving a change in use, a code analysis should be undertaken and recommendations should be made to make the entire structure code compliant. If a structure cannot be made compliant without loss of integrity, then a reevaluation of the proposed use should be undertaken, and presented in the Alternatives for Treatment section.
  • Functional requirements: Functional requirements are defined as a structure's programmatic needs or requirements. A structure's requirements are not developed in the HSR, but are provided by park management, through programming. However, the functional requirements are clearly assessed through the application of the Secretary's Standards and their compatibility is articulated in an HSR.

Residential Construction
The construction, alteration, or repair of single family houses or apartment buildings of no more than four (4) stories in height, and typically includes incidental items such as site work, parking areas, utilities, streets and sidewalks, unless there is an established area practice to the contrary. (FAR 22.404-2(c)(2))

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)
Addresses issues with solid waste such as materials that are present in landfills.

The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), Section 6002, and Executive Order 13101 require the purchase of Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) designated products with a required minimum recovered material content as described in an agency's Affirmative Procurement Program (APP). This list of EPA-designated products is available at A/E firms and their consultants are required to be familiar with EPA's guidelines by developing specifications utilizing EPA's minimum recycled content standards. If products specified by the A/E under this task order do not meet EPA's guidelines, the A/E must prepare written justifications in accordance with FAR 23.405(c)

Resource Studies
Resource studies related to natural and cultural resources may include:

  • Archeology Surveys
  • Cultural Landscape Inventories (CLI) and Reports (CLR)
  • Ethnographic Surveys
  • Historic Places Existing Condition Documentation (e.g. HABS/HAER)
  • Historic Structures Reports (HSR)
  • Natural and Cultural Resource Surveys and Reports
  • Wetland Surveys


  1. The act or process of accurately depicting the form, features, and character of a historic structure as it appeared at a particular period of time by means of the removal of features from other periods in its history and reconstruction of missing features from the restoration period;
  2. The resulting structure.

Restoration (Cultural Landscape Report)
Restoration is defined as the act or process of accurately depicting the form, features, and character of a property as it appeared at a particular period of time by means of the removal of features from other periods in its history and reconstruction of missing features from the restoration period. The limited and sensitive upgrading of mechanical, electrical and plumbing systems and other code-required work to make properties functional is appropriate within a restoration project.

The placing of one or more new courses on an existing surface.

A percentage of a progress payment withheld based on unsatisfactory contract progress under a construction contract. The percentage withheld must not exceed 10 percent of the approved estimated amount of progress under the terms of the contract and may be adjusted as the contract approaches completion to recognize better than expected performance, the ability to rely on alternative safeguards, and other factors. Upon contract completion of all contract requirements, retained amounts must be paid promptly. (FAR 32.103)

Revegetation [Applies to Park Roads/FLHP Projects]
It is the process of replanting disturbed areas using seed and plants grown from native seed collected from within the park where the disturbance occurs. Soil is salvaged in the area to be disturbed and then reapplied following disturbance in order to retain the native seed bank. Revegetation is carried out to accelerate the process designed to repair damage to a landscape due to human or natural site disturbance and inhibit the future spread of exotic plant materials.

Revegetation Plan [Applies to Park Roads/FLHP Projects]
A revegetation plan typically includes Project Information (project/package number, project manager, estimated acres to be revegetated, vegetations types to be re-established), Project Location (revegetation goals, site analysis and special considerations), Project Specifications (revegetation goals, alternatives, implementation plan, revegetation specs for contractor), Administrative Requirements (cost estimate, funding source, review, and preparer(s)), Attachments. The revegetation plan becomes the operational guide for a park and contractor(s) to follow in carrying out a specific revegetation project.

RFI - Request for Information

RFP - See:

Right-of-Way (R/W)

  1. Land generally publicly owned, acquired for and devoted to transportation purposes.
  2. The privilege of the immediate use of the highway; the right of one vehicle or pedestrian to proceed in a lawful manner in preference to another vehicle or pedestrian.

RIP - Road Inventory Program

Pertaining to the banks of a stream.

Risk Analysis
A technique to identify and assess factors that may jeopardize the success of a project or achieving a goal. This technique also helps define preventive measures to reduce the probability of these factors from occurring and identify countermeasures to successfully deal with these constraints when they develop. [GAO]

Road Inventory Program (RIP)
A completed inventory and conditions rating on all NPS roads being maintained by the Federal Lands Highway Office. During the initial RIP, the entire PR&P system was photo logged and roadway data collected. Subsequent photo logging and data collection is done as major changes to the roads are made. The RIP is planned for a 3-year cycle for paved roads. A RIP report is available for each of the NPS units.

Roadside Development/Roadside Enhancement
Treatment of the roadside to:

  1. conserve, enhance and effectively display the natural beauty of the landscape through which the highway passes;
  2. provide safety, utility, economy and highway-related recreation facilities by means of proper location, design, construction and maintenance of highways.

ROD - Record of Decision

RRR (3R)
Resurfacing, Restoration, and Rehabilitation

Resurfacing, Restoration, Rehabilitation, and Reconstruction

See Right-of-Way.


Last updated: November 15, 2016