Mammals Found in Death Valley

Small bat with blonde body and brown face and ears held in a biologist's hand
Western pipistrelle bat

NPS Photo


  • Fringed myotis
    Myotis thysanodes
    Roosts in caves, mines, and buildings;juniper forests and desert shrub.
  • California myotis
    Myotis californicus
    Roosts in caves, mine tunnels and buildings.
  • Small-footed myotis
    Myotis subulatus
    Roosts in caves, mine tunnels and rock crevices.
  • Silver-haired bat
    Lasionycteris noctivagans
    Found around water in forested areas.
  • Western pipistrelle
    Pipistrellus hesperus
    Roosts in rock crevices and caves near watercourses.
  • Western big-eared bat
    Plecotus townsendii
    Found in abandoned mine tunnels and shafts from 3000 to 6000 feet.
  • Hoary bat
    Lasiurus cinereus
    Roosts in trees; found around well watered areas.
  • Pallid bat
    Antrozous pallidus
    Roosts in crevices and caves.
  • Brazilian free-tailed bat
    Tadarida brasiliensis
    Roosts in caves, crevices, and buildings.
rat with large eyes and feet on sand
Desert kangaroo rat

NPS photo


  • Desert shrew
    Notiosorex crawfordi
    Found in sagebrush; sometimes in masses of vegetation at the base of desert plants.
  • Panamint pocket gopher
    Thomymus umbrinus scapterus
    Panamint and Grapevine Mountains.
  • Pygmy pocket gopher
    Thomymus umbrinus oreocus
    Higher elevations in surrounding mountains;up to 10,000 feet on Telescope Peak.
  • Great basin pocket mouse
    Perognathus parvus
    Grapevine Mountains.
  • Little pocket mouse
    Perognathus longimembris
    Sage habitat at Harrisburg Flat.
  • Long-tailed pocket mouse
    Perognathus formosus mohavensis
    Grapevine Mountains.
  • Desert pocket mouse
    Perognathus penicillatus
    Mesquite Flat.
  • Chisel-toothed kangaroo rat
    Dipodomys microps
    Harrisburg Flat in dry, sandy soil with sparse vegetation.
  • Panamint kangaroo rat
    Dipodomys panamintinus
    Northern Panamint Mountains between 6000 and 7000 feet.
  • Merriam kangaroo rat
    Dipodomys merriami
    Dry, sandy soil on the valley floor.
  • Desert kangaroo rat
    Dipodomys deserti
    Dry locations on valley, especially around mesquite.
  • Western harvest mouse
    Reithrodontomys megalotis
    Well watered areas; Salt Creek, Furnace Creek, Hanaupah Canyon, Wildrose.
  • Cactus mouse
    Peromyscus eremicus
    Higher elevations in Grapevine and Cottonwood Mountains.
  • Deer mouse
    Peromyscus maniculatis
    Valley floor and mountains.
  • Canyon mouse
    Peromyscus crinitus
    Mountains and rocky canyons.
  • Brush mouse
    Peromyscus boylii
    Northern Panamint Mountains.
  • Pinon mouse
    Peromyscus truei
    Rocky areas in pinyon-juniper belt.
  • Southern grasshopper mouse
    Onychomys torridus
    Throughout Death Vally below 5500 feet.
  • Desert woodrat
    Neotoma lepida
    From salt marshes into surrounding mountains.
  • Bushy-tailed woodrat
    Neotoma cinerea
    Pinyon-juniper area of northern Panamint Mountains.
  • House mouse
    Mus musculus
    In and around human dwellings.
Small tan squirrel perched on a rock
Whitetail antelope squirrel

NPS photo


  • Panamint chipmunk
    Eutamius panamintinus
    Pinyon-juniper belt of Panamint and Grapevine Mountains.
  • Whitetail antelope squirrel
    Ammospermophilus leucurus
    Mesquite hummocks of valley floor to over 6000 feet in mountains; common along roadsides.
  • California ground squirrel
    Citellus beecheyi
    Hunter Mountain area of Cottonwood Mountains.
  • Roundtail ground squirrel
    Citellus tereticaudus
    Low desert; mesquite thickets near Furnace Creek; common along roadsides.
  • Mojave ground squirrel
    Citellus mohavensis
    Inhabits gentle slopes in Wingate Wash area.
cottontail rabbit looking alert
Desert cottontail

NPS / Cookie Ballou


  • Mountain cottontail
    Sylvilagus nuttalli
    Surrounding mountains.
  • Desert cottontail
    Sylvilagus audobonii
    Mesquite thickets on valley floor.
  • Black-tailed jackrabbit
    Lepus californicus
    Near valley floor and in mountains.
  • Porcupine
    Erethizon dorsatum
    Grapevine, Panamint, and Cottonwood Mountains.
spotted cat with ear tufts looking over its shoulder among dessert grasses

NPS photo


  • Coyote
    Canis latrans
    From salt flats into mountains; common around mesquite thickets.
  • Kit fox
    Vulpes macrotis arsipus
    Nocturnal; common throughout most of Death Valley; Sand Dunes and Furnace Creek.
  • Gray fox
    Urocyon cinereoargenteus
    East side of Grapevine Mountains.
  • Badger
    Taxidea taxus
    Low desert into mountains; Daylight Pass.
  • Spotted skunk
    Spilogale gracilis
    Mountains surrounding Death Valley.
  • Ringtail
    Bassariscus astutus
    Nocturnal; rocky terrain in arid brush and tree areas.
  • Mountain lion
    Puma concolor
    Surrounding mountains; occasional winter visitors to desert oasis.
  • Bobcat
    Lynx rufus
    From sea level into mountains.
Group of grey sheep with large horns on a rocky slope
Desert bighorn sheep

NPS photo


  • Burro
    Equus assinus
    (An introduced species)
    Introduced in the 1880's; Panamint, Cottonwood, and Grapevine Mountains.
  • Horse
    Equus caballus
    (An introduced species)
    Introduced; Hunter Mountain, Cottonwood Basin, Pinto Peak, Grapevine Mountains.
  • Mule deer
    Odocoileus hemionus
    Along eastern and western boundaries of the park in Panamint, Cottonwood, and Grapevine Mountains.
  • Desert bighorn sheep
    Ovis canadensis nelsoni
    Throughout Death Valley at all elevations; inaccessible ridges and canyons, usually near water.

Last updated: January 17, 2021

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Death Valley, CA 92328


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