Unit 64: Kantishna Hills

UNIT 64
KANTISHNA HILLS
Quota: No limit – but group size must be 12 or less
USGS Quad Maps: Mt McKinley D1, Mt McKinley D2, Mt McKinley C3, Mt McKinley C2, Mt McKinley C1

Description: The northern end of the Kantishna Hills in the eastern half of this large unit is the most reasonable area for hiking. The ridgeline of the hills in this area is fairly wide and covered with alpine tundra vegetation in many areas. Chitsia Mountain is at the northern end of the ridge system. Beyond it to the north and west the land falls away first into birch hillsides and ridges and then into the huge expanse of lowland black spruce forest and muskeg that characterizes the northwestern part of the park and preserve. Lower Moose Creek makes the western boundary of the unit all the way to the Bear Paw River.

 
Tundra-covered hillsides near the Bear Paw River
Tundra-covered hillsides near the Bear Paw River

nps photo

 

Tips/Special Features: There are views in all directions off the top of this ridge system, from the Alaska Range in the south to the seemingly endless horizon of the interior lowlands to the northwest. This is a very remote area that receives very little us yet there is reasonable access due to the road systems in the southern portion of the Kantishna Hills. It takes at least a three day walk to reach the main part of this unit so a commitment of time and a stay in other units is required.

Access: The most realistic way to access this unit is from the south. Use the old mining roads and ridgelines of units 41 and 42 to reach upper Caribou Creek and then go north from there. Drainages of the Clearwater Fork in Unit 40 also lead up to the ridgeline in this unit, but two days of travel are required just to get to them. Another access route starts at the north end of the Kantishna Airstrip at the end of the Park Road. A winter trail continues north on the northeast side of Moose Creek.

Routes/Hiking Corridors: This large area is best explored by those who have over a week to devote to backpacking. The best way to reach the southern edge of this unit is to travel through units 42 and 41. Go upstream along Caribou Creek from the point where the old mine road in Unit 40 joins the creek to the pass that overlooks Canyon Creek on the east side of the Kantishna Hills. From this pass it is possible to reach the ridgeline that runs north toward Chitsia Mountain. This ridgeline is a series of interconnected peaks that can be passed on either the east or west side as necessary while traveling north. None of the terrain is particularly steep, but there are numerous up and down sections along the ridgeline that will make walking slow. There are some stretches of wet tundra and low brush in the saddles between the peaks, but otherwise many areas of the route to Chitsia Mountain are across alpine tundra. Moonlight Creek and the two forks of Canyon Creek provide the most reasonable and least brushy routes into to the Clearwater drainage for connections back to the Park Road via Unit 40 and the units further to the south.

Lower Moose Creek and the Bear Paw River was how most miners accessed the Kantishna district in the early 1900s. This river is floatable by experienced rafters, but there is no road access to this river after you leave the Park Road. Moose Creek flows eventually into the Kantishna River which hits the Tanana River about 75 miles downriver of the George Parks Hwy. Travelling down Moose Creek on foot is not recommended.

Additional Notes and/or Hazards: Mosquitoes are extremely dense in this park of the park in June and July.

If you plan to hike in this unit, you should be aware that this area is outside of designated Wilderness. In 1980, Mount McKinley National Park was expanded and renamed Denali National Park and Preserve and this area was included as part of the new park’s additions. The Kantishna Hills and surrounding area is a historic mining district dating back to the early 1900s. There are patented and un-patented mining claims in the area, private properties and privately owned and operated lodges. People who have traditionally hunted, fished and trapped in the area continue to do so.

The miners in this area established travel routes along ridges and in creek beds to access their claims. There are cabins, equipment, old roads and assorted refuse on public and private land in very remote areas. Hikers in the Kantishna Hills must respect private property and the cultural significance of the mining history. Do not disturb the historic relics and never enter a private residence without prior permission.

It may be unsafe to drink the water from the following streams due to heavy metal contamination: Eldorado, Slate, Friday, Eureka, Caribou, Spruce, Glacier, Stampede and Moose Creek below Spruce Creek. Water filters, boiling and chemical treatments are ineffective for treating water with heavy metal contamination.

 
Typical brush in the Kantishna Hills
Typical brush in the Kantishna Hills

nps photo

Last updated: April 14, 2015

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Mailing Address:

PO Box 9
Denali Park, AK 99755

Phone:

(907) 683-9532
A ranger is available 9 am - 4 pm daily (except on major holidays). If you get to the voicemail, please leave a message and we'll call you back as soon as we finish with the previous caller.

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