Edmontosaurus

a caribou crosses a dirt road
Like a caribou, Edmontosaurus lived in large herds that may have roamed the land. However, unlike caribou, its young would have been too small to make long distances only months after being born. 

NPS Photo / Lian Law

 
a computer image of an edmontosaurus running
Nicknamed ‘caribou of the Cretaceous’ by Alaskans, Edmontosaurus is one of the largest members of the herbivorous hadrosaur (“thick or stout lizard”) family. Hadrosaurs are commonly referred to as ‘duck-bill’ dinosaurs because of their flat snouts. Edmontosaurus is named for the rock formation near Edmonton in Alberta, Canada where the genus was first discovered.

Identification Level: Genus
Although impossible to know for sure without finding body fossils, Edmontosaurus is a very likely candidate for the hadrosaur footprints in Denali. Edmontosaurus had a large range across western North America during the Late Cretaceous Period and is known from similar-age rocks on Alaska’s North Slope.

 
a close up of an three-toed edmontosaurus track

NPS Photo

What is for dinner?
Tough plants would have been ideal for Edmontosaurus to eat. Rows of teeth and a flat muzzle shape allowed them to strip leaves from branches and grind them up prior to swallowing. This important adaptation contributed to their great success as a species, making them one of the most common and widespread dinosaurs of the Cretaceous.

How do we know I lived in Denali?

Denali hosted large herds of hadrosaurs as evidenced by the thousands of tracks found in the park. Hadrosaur footprints can be identified by three broad toes and can range in diameter from softball-sized for the young to small hula-hoop-sized for larger adults.
 
a size comparison between a ranger and an edmontosaurus
How do I size up? - Hadrosaurs grew up to 40 feet long and ten feet tall and weighed up to five tons. In other words, the adults were the size and weight of a loaded Denali Park shuttle bus!
Fun Fact
In Denali, one rock outcrop is so completely covered with hadrosaur tracks that it has been nicknamed the ‘Cretaceous dance floor’. Some individuals even left behind skin impressions!

Last updated: July 7, 2016

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Mailing Address:

PO Box 9
Denali Park, AK 99755

Phone:

(907) 683-9532
A ranger is available 9:30 am—5 pm daily (except on major holidays). If you get to the voicemail, please leave a message and we'll call you back as soon as we finish with the previous caller.

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