During the Civil War, both Union and Confederate forces vied for control of the Cumberland Gap which was a strategic stronghold for both sides. Union commanders viewed the gap as a way to cut the Confederacy in two and an opportunity to disrupt communication and supply lines along the southern railroad. Confederate commanders recognized this and saw the gap as a critical defensive position.
Civil War Comes to Cumberland Gap
Both Union and Confederate troops spent months at a time at Cumberland Gap, watching and waiting for the enemy's next move. Although there were never any major battles at Cumberland gap, there were a number of skirmishes and strategic flanking movements. During the war both sides actually occupied Cumberland Gap twice!
Numerous programs and activities showcase the stories of the Civil War at Cumberland Gap!
During the Civil War (542 KB)
Civil War: 150 Years
Slavery: Cause and Catalyst of the Civil War (2.46 MB)