Fowler's Toad

Fowler's Toad (Anaxyrus fowleri) sitting on dry leaf litter.
Fowler's Toad (Anaxyrus fowleri)

NPS Photo

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Amphibia
  • Order: Anura
  • Family: Bufonidae
  • Genus: Anaxyrus
  • Species: fowleri

Typically gray-brown in color with a light stripe down the middle of the back. Three or more rusty colored warts in each of largest brown blotches along the back. Chest and belly generally not spotted. Parotoid glad touch cranial ridge behind eye. No greatly enlarged warts on tibia.


5.1 to 10 cm long (2" to 4")

Similar Species

Potentially hybridizes with both the American Toad, Anaxyrus americanus and and the Southern Toad, Anaxyrus terrestris.


Breeds early spring to mid-August.


Uses sandy areas near water sources; ditches, temporary pools, marshes, rivers, lakes, etc.


Primarily nocturnal.


Call is a short and unmusical bleat or nasal sounding 'w-a-a-a-h', not lasting more than 4 seconds. Hybridized males may have calls intermediate to parent species calls and therefore may be difficult or impossible to identify.

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Last updated: March 12, 2019

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