including visitor centers
Public Use Limits including: camping, burning, hiking, flotillas, radios
Closures including: unmanned aircraft, caves, mines, atv/utv
, glass and "styrofoam", river travel
, camping, roads, horseback riding, geocaching
Area Designations/Special Activities including: caves, camping, boating and water skiing
I. 36CFR§ 1.5 - Visiting Hours, Public Use Limits, Closures, and Area Designations for Specific Use or Activities
In accordance with regulations and the delegated authority provided in Title 36, Code of Federal Regulations (“36 CFR”), Chapter 1, Parts 1-7, authorized by Title 54 U.S.C. §100751, the following provisions apply to all lands and waters administered by the National Park Service, within the boundaries of Buffalo National River. Unless otherwise stated, these regulatory provisions apply in addition to the requirements contained in 36 CFR, Chapter 1, Parts 1-7.
Written determinations, which explain the reasoning behind the Superintendent’s use of discretionary authority, as required by Section 1.5(c), appear in this document identified by italicized print.
VISITING HOURS, PUBLIC USE LIMITS, CLOSURES, AND AREA DESIGNATIONS FOR SPECIFIC USE OR ACTIVITIES
(a)(1) The following visiting hours and public use limits are established for all or for the listed portions of the park, and the following closures are established for all or a portion of the park to all public use or to a certain use or activity:
Tyler Bend Visitor Center will be open daily 8:30-4:30
Buffalo Point Ranger Station will be open daily 8:00-4:30
The Tyler Bend Visitor Center and all visitor contact stations will be closed, Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Year’s Day;
Buffalo National River Headquarters will be open Monday-Friday 8:00-4:30. Closed all Federal holidays;
Campground visitor hours are from 6:00am-10:00pm. After 10:00pm only registered guests and employees are permitted in campgrounds.
Public Use Limits:
- Only wood or charcoal may be burned within the park. The burning of “trash” is prohibited.
The Superintendent has determined the burning of wood and charcoal have less impact on air quality than burning trash which could release toxins into the atmosphere.
- Hikers must use the designated trails throughout the Park where provided. Using “social” trails, shortcutting between trails/traces and/or creating trail by removing vegetation is prohibited; An exception to using designated trails is granted where individuals are hiking “cross country” leaving minimal impact.
The Superintendent has determined multiple areas in the park are heavily impacted with devastating impacts to the resource by visitors creating social trails.
- The rafting of three or more canoes, kayaks, inner tubes, river rafts, boats or any floatable vessel to make “Flotillas” is prohibited.
The Superintendent has determined this type of activity is generally associated with loud raucous groups and does not have a meaningful association with the park area and would detract from the natural setting of the river.
- The playing of radios or any type of audio devices other than those only the user can hear or the use of any type of mechanized/motorized equipment is prohibited in Wilderness Areas.
The Superintendent has determined this type of activity could diminish or disturb other visitor’s wilderness experience and mechanized/motorized equipment is prohibited by the Wilderness Act.
Launching, landing, or operating an unmanned aircraft from or on lands and waters administered by the National Park Service within the boundaries of Buffalo National River is prohibited except as approved in writing by the Superintendent; The term “unmanned aircraft” means a device that is used or intended to be used for flight in the air without the possibility of direct human intervention from within or on the device, and the associated operational elements and components that are required for the pilot or system operator in command to operate or control the device (such as cameras, sensors, communication links). This term includes all types of devices that meet this definition (e.g. model airplanes, quadrocopters, and drones) that are used for any purpose, including for recreation or commerce.
The Superintendent and other NPS authorities have decided that to maintain public health and safety, protection of environmental or scenic values, protection of natural or cultural resources, implementation of management responsibilities, equitable allocation and use of facilities, and to avoid conflict among visitor use activities the use of unmanned aircraft will not be allowed within Buffalo National River. The park has several wilderness areas and the use of these unmanned aircraft would affect wildlife, view sheds and create unreasonable and unauthorized noise levels within these areas. Until regulations can be set in place (and studies conducted) to ensure unmanned aircraft will not interfere with park operations, rescue operations, law enforcement operations and will not cause undue harm to visitors this closure will remain in place. Established users for model aircraft (as that term is used in Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Advisory Circular 91-57 and section 336 of the FAA Reauthorization Act of 2012) will not be affected by this closure. However, updated permits must be approved by the Superintendent and Associate Director for Visitor and Resource Protection.
All caves within the boundary of Buffalo National River are closed to recreational caving with the exception of: The caves in Lost Valley (Eden Falls Cave and Natural Bridge); The caves along the Panther Creek trail system at Buffalo Point (Panther Cave and Indian Rock House) are open to unrestricted recreational caving; Back O' Beyond cave and Silver Hill cave are open for guided interpretive tours only.
The Superintendent has determined that White Nose Syndrome (WNS) is an imminent threat to the cave bats of Buffalo National River, and every effort should be made to prevent or slow its spread to the park. The United States Fish and Wildlife Service, as the lead federal agency in wildlife conservation, has issued protocols that are designed to prevent the spread of the suspected causative agent of the WNS. The Superintendent has determined the closure is the best available method to meet the NPS mission to protect the wildlife in the park for the enjoyment of future generations.
All abandoned mines are closed to public entry.
The Superintendent has determined closure of all abandoned mines in the park is necessary for public safety, and protection of the mine environment. During the late 1880s to 1918, the Rush area was an active zinc mining area. After 1918, the mines were deactivated and lay dormant except for occasional mineral collectors or rock hounds. In 1984, an on-site inspection of the mines was made by the park’s Resource Management and Visitor Protection staff, the park Safety Committee, and a mine safety inspector from the Office of Mine Safety and Health Administration. The team recommended the mines be closed to public access. Among the hazards are large loose ceiling rocks, deep pits, and water-filled pits. Several of the tunnels showed signs of recent cave-ins. Mineral collecting over the past several years has further weakened the walls and ceiling. Chain link fencing was installed at the entrances to these mines in 1985, along with signs advising that the mines are unsafe and closed to entry. Cave gating has been installed in an effort to prevent entry. During 2002, mine inspections conducted by Resource Management and Visitor Protection Rangers found additional collapses and deterioration. Our experience with Rush mines and observations of other mines, has led to the conclusion the danger of these old mines is consistent throughout the park. This closure affects all abandoned mines in the park.
- All roads, lands and waters within Buffalo National River are closed to the operation of all-terrain 3 and 4-wheel cycles, off road vehicles, utility vehicles (UTV) and similar vehicles intended only for off-road use.
The Superintendent has determined all-terrain type vehicles pose a safety hazard to the visiting public. There is no state training or license requirement and, as such, no assurance of operator standards on public roads. No routes within Buffalo National River are designated for off-road motor vehicle use. Past activities of ATV users within the park have damaged resources and allowed entrance into designated wilderness areas. Administrative use is allowed in accordance with the park’s ATV Plan.
The possession or use of glass containers within 100 feet (30.48 meters) of the river or any stream is prohibited for public safety.
The Superintendent has determined glass containers are prohibited within 100 feet (30.48 meters) of any swimming area on the river or any streams where one may swim in the park. A public safety hazard exists when visitors are allowed to possess glass containers on the river. The waterways of the park are used by swimmers and canoeists who are usually barefooted and broken glass on the river bottom and on the riverbanks has caused numerous injuries over the years. Arkansas Code 8-6-418 Litter Control Act also restricts glass use on the Buffalo River and other flowing streams in Arkansas. These regulations do not apply to a person removing glass and other refuse found by him or her that was previously discarded by others from the banks of the Buffalo River.
The possession of polystyrene coolers, (commonly known as Styrofoam) is prohibited while floating or camping along the Buffalo River, except in developed campgrounds, picnic areas, landings, roads and parking lots. This prohibition includes coolers, ice chests, and containers. High density bait containers, used solely for that purpose are allowed. Discarded polystyrene does not biodegrade for hundreds of years and is resistant to decomposition. Because of this stability, very little of the waste discarded biodegrades. Because degradation of materials creates potentially harmful liquid and gaseous bi-products that could contaminate groundwater and air. The Superintendent has determined to adopt the Arkansas State Litter Law regulations for Navigable Waterways (AR Code 8-6-418) to reduce the amount of new litter entering into the river corridor. These regulations do not apply to a person removing glass and other refuse found by him or her that was previously discarded by others from the banks of the Buffalo River.
Any person traveling on the river by means of a canoe, kayak, inner tube or other vessel easily susceptible to swamping, tipping, rolling or otherwise discharging its contents into the waterway and transporting food stuffs or beverages shall:
Transport all foodstuffs and beverages in a sturdy container and ensure that the container is made to seal or lock in the contents to prevent the contents from spilling into the water; containers must be secured with straps or rope to the vessel
Carry and affix to the vessel a trash container or bag suitable for containing his or her refuse, waste, and trash material and capable of securely closing. The trash container or bag shall be either a sturdy container or a bag of mesh construction.
At all times other than when a beverage is securely contained in a sturdy container or trash container, keep the beverage attached to or held within a floating holder “koozie” or other device designed to prevent the beverage from sinking beneath the surface of the waterway.
The Superintendent has determined to adopt the Arkansas State Litter Law regulations for Navigable Waterways (AR Code 8-6-418) to reduce the amount of new litter entering into the river corridor. These regulations do not apply to a person removing glass and other refuse found by him or her that was previously discarded by others from the banks of the Buffalo River.
Camping is prohibited the entire length of Lost Valley including the area formally known as Lost Valley Campground. Camping is prohibited on Goat Trail (Big Bluff) and Hemmed in Hollow Trail from the Falls downstream to the first trail junction.
The Superintendent has determined the Lost Valley area is prone to flash floods and could be dangerous to visitors. Also, camping in these areas of extremely high use would be detrimental to the preservation of the cultural and natural scenery, and the visitor experience. The valley and trail areas are narrow, it is difficult to camp out of view of the trail, human waste has been left in open view, fires have been built and left within view of the trail and there is a strong history of improper camping in the area.
All roadways, trails, and other two-track access conveyances, regardless of former use, that are gated and/or marked “No Motor Vehicles” within Buffalo National River are closed to the operation of all motor vehicles, except during emergencies or administrative use.
The Superintendent has determined closure of certain roads, trails, and two-track access roads in the park is necessary for protection of park agricultural lease fields, archeological and cultural sites, riparian areas, wildlife habitat, public safety, and the general protection of the river and its associated banks and access areas. The regular availability and popularity of four wheel drive vehicles and the activities of their users have created a similar environment to that of ATV users which have damaged resources and allowed entry into areas not normally available to prudent users of a roadway in the park. Many of these roadways or conveyances are in remote areas.
All areas in the Erbie Historic Zone (see Appendix D) , with the exception of the Cavers’ Camp, Erbie Horse Camp, Erbie Campground and Cecil Cove Springs are closed to camping;
All historic buildings and the areas adjacent are closed to camping.
The Superintendent has determined camping within a historic zone would diminish the cultural and natural scenery and the visitor experience due to the presence of tents, human waste being left in the open, fire pits constructed and trash being left behind.
Tethering, attaching, picketing or tying a horse, pack or other animal used for conveying persons, equipment or other property to a historic building or other cultural property is prohibited.
Attaching horses or other pack animals to historic or other cultural properties has been documented to cause undue wear and damage to park structures, as well as leaving animal waste in the immediate area.
Geocaching is prohibited. Earth-caching or virtual-caching is allowed following The Geological Society of America’s guidelines. Geological Society of America website
Geocaching is an activity, that uses a hidden or otherwise defined location, persons locate by using mapping coordinates on the earth’s surface, which typically reveals a container holding items or other articles, including but not always a logbook, which permits persons to trade, exchange or track items at that site. The Superintendent has determined geocaching results in several instances of abandoned property and alteration, if not devastation, to cultural and natural resources.
Earth-Caching or virtual-caching, is an activity that uses a geological location, located using mapping coordinates on the earth’s surface, which permits a person to visit that location, in order to learn about a unique feature of the Earth. Earth-Cache pages include a set of educational notes along with the coordinates. Earth-Caches are designed to be educational in nature showing how the planet has been shaped by geological processes, how resources are managed and how scientists gather evidence. Typically, to log an Earth-Cache, a person has to travel to the location, observe the geological site, and then provide answers to questions about their visit to the coordinates via the internet.
(a)(2) The following areas have been designated for a specific use or activity, under the conditions and/or restrictions as noted:
Lands and waters within Buffalo National River are open to hunting as mandated by Federal statutory law and in accordance with Arkansas Game and Fish Commission regulations. Buffalo National River is a Wildlife Management Area (“WMA”) and is considered WMA Zone 080. Additionally a portion of the Sylamore WMA, Zone 620, lies within the park in the Lower Buffalo Wilderness Area. Additional regulations are as follows:
Hunting Equipment: Killing devices or traps may not be possessed on WMAs unless a season is open. Rifles and handguns larger than .22 caliber rimfire, buckshot or rifled slugs may be used only during modern gun deer, bear or elk seasons or during daylight hours during bobcat, fox and coyote seasons. Muzzleloaders may be used during firearms season, except for muzzleloaders larger than .40 caliber, which may not be used on any WMA unless a muzzle loading or modern firearm deer, bear or elk season is open. Unless otherwise prohibited, bobcat, fox and coyote may be taken during daylight hours with firearms of any caliber during bobcat, fox and coyote seasons on AGFC-owned WMAs, Blue Mountain WMA, Dardanelle WMA, J. Perry Mikles Blue Mountain SUA, Nimrod Lloyd Millwood WMA, Ozark Lake WMA and all U.S. Forest Service lands including WMAs lying within the Ouachita National Forest and the Ozark-St. Francis National Forest.
Concealed weapon permit holders may carry a modern handgun, except in places where otherwise prohibited under federal, state or local law or where not allowed by the landowner. Concealed weapon permit holders are not allowed to use their concealed weapon for any hunting purpose. All concealed handgun permit holders must identify themselves to a wildlife officer when complying with an inspection pertaining to birds, fish, game or other wildlife resources.
Firearms may be carried on Park, but may not be used for any hunting purpose, unless the weapon is legal for that season.
The Superintendent has determined the park will incorporate Arkansas Game and Fish Commission restrictions concerning the possession of weapons on WMA’s and uphold Arkansas State Law concerning possession and carry of weapons.
The discharge of a weapon or killing device across, into or from the Buffalo River or its gravel bars is prohibited.
The Superintendent has determined there is a considerable hazard to public safety if hunters discharge weapons into or across the river, or on, into or across the gravel bars. The Buffalo River is the principal recreation attraction of the park. There is year-around john-boat, canoe, and kayak use of the river; park visitors utilize the river corridor much of the year in addition to SCUBA/snorkel divers and swimmers Many of the park’s hiking and horseback riding trails parallel the river or cross it and gravel bars are the preferred camping sites throughout the backcountry areas.
No hunting allowed in areas designated as Safety Zones (see Appendix A) or within 150 yards (138 meters) of a park residence, developed area and/or trail. See list of Safety Zones and Developed Areas at the end of this Compendium.
The Superintendent has determined developed areas are routinely visited by members of the public who camp, hike, picnic, launch boats, park cars or attend programs. The visiting public should be able to have areas they do not feel threatened by hunting activities. Allowing hunting activities in these areas would be reckless
Chase for pleasure and dog training are not permitted.
The Superintendent has determined this type of activity has the potential to put undue strain on wildlife and conflicts with other recreational uses.
Trapping of feral hogs, on private inholdings and historic leases, is allowed with a Special Use Permit from the Superintendent. Trapping is for killing purposes only. The transport of live hogs is not permitted in accordance with Arkansas State Law.
The Superintendent has determined the trapping of feral hogs by permit, for killing purposes only, is permissible in these areas to assist with the maintenance of scenic values, protection of natural and cultural resources and to assist in the implementation of management responsibilities. Feral hogs have been damaging historic farm lease fields and other inholding lands by digging and rooting. By allowing the owner, or lessee, of the property to engage in this activity, under requirements set forth in such permit, it helps the landowner in their endeavors while assisting the National Park Service and other entities on reducing or eradicating this non-native species. This action also assists in reducing damage to the surrounding areas. Trapping is allowed under the following circumstances:
The possession or use of gasoline, kerosene, or powered lights (generator or liquid fuel) and stoves is prohibited in all caves except for rescue or other authorized emergency operations.
The Superintendent has determined the use of gasoline, kerosene, and propane lanterns, traditionally used by some cave visitors has great potential for harm to the resource and visitors. Lanterns are generally carried in the hand as the primary light source. This reduces caver mobility in climbing and scrambling maneuvers. Lanterns are a problem in crawlways because they must be pushed along in front of the caver without burning him/her, breaking the globe, or breaking a mantle. There is always a possibility of liquid fuel spillage when a lantern is dropped or refueled, and there is a history of these occurrences in park caves. The glass globes on the lanterns are likely to break when lanterns are dropped; this has also happened in park caves. The exhaust gases of lanterns are known to cause asphyxiation in tents and in small crawlways with little airflow; they would have the same danger. Stoves pose the same risk of asphyxiation, burning, and fuel spillage as lanterns. While they may be needed in an emergency operation to heat liquids or foods, they are not a necessary piece of caving gear.
The following campgrounds are walk-in tent camping only and recreational vehicles and pull behind style campers are prohibited: Steel Creek, Kyles’ Landing, Carver, Spring Creek and Rush;
Hammocks are permitted within Buffalo National River. Hammocks must be attached to vegetation of sufficient size, using straps or other techniques, which do not alter or cause damage to the vegetation. Hammocks may not be attached to park owned or maintained structures.
- Refer to §2.10 for other detailed camping area designations.
The roads to these campgrounds are narrow, steep and winding and are not designed for large vehicles. Also, the campgrounds were not designed for this type of camping therefore the Superintendent has limited these areas to walk-in tent camping.
Occupants of a vessel who are twelve (12) years of age or younger must wear personal flotation devices (“PFD”,) of the types described below in brackets, securely fastened to their persons at all times while aboard any vessel. [One (1) Type I, II, III, or V PFD, if used according to its approved condition, which is U.S. Coast Guard approved, in good and serviceable condition, and of proper size for each person on board] A “vessel” is defined as every description of watercraft, or other artificial contrivance used, or capable of being used, as a means of transportation on the water (36 CFR § 1.4.)
The Superintendent has determined the park will require PFDs in concurrence with Arkansas State Law (27-101-203.)
- Water Skiing is prohibited.
The Superintendent has determined the river corridors are too narrow and winding to support water skiing and considering the motor size is limited to 10 horsepower or less it would be inconsistent with water skiing.