Imagine this village filled with the sights, sounds, and smells of daily activity. Women on their knees grind corn between two heavy stones called the mano (AH-no) and the metate (ah-AH-stay). The air is filled with the enticing scent of ground corn (with a little residual stone grit), as it bakes into delicious flat bread. Loud thumps reverberate in the air as a stone axe meets a heavy wooden beam. Men are busy constructing new homes. Children laugh and shout while dogs bark; together they herd turkeys and play games. Like today, each person has his or her role and responsibilities.
Hunting, weaving, and heavy construction were tasks performed by men. Women cooked, made pottery, performed necessary maintenance on living quarters, including regularly plastering the outer walls, and cared for the children. Both men and women were actively involved in farming. Children had a variety of chores. Pueblo residents spent much of their time working outside.
Some people say that Frijoles Canyon was the dividing line between two language groups. Today Tewa (STAY-ah) speakers live to the north of the canyon and Keres (CARE-ace) speakers to the south. Some Keres speakers say the name means a place of meeting or treaty.