Montane Grasslands

female dusky grouse
Birds are attracted to the rich food resources of the open meadows and the protection of the nearby forest.

Photo by Sally King

Finally, in the highest mountain areas, montane grasslands and meadows are found on flat, wet areas with poorly drained soils and on the slopes of high, windswept ridges. At the edges, where the grasslands meet the surrounding forests, a great diversity of life thrives: many birds and mammals are attracted by the food resources of the grassland with the protective cover of the forest close at hand.

montane grassland
Deposits of obsidian are often found near the montane grasslands in Bandelier.

Photo by Dale Coker

On the Pajarito Plateau, the montane grasslands surround valuable obsidian sources. Ancestral Pueblo people traveled through these areas and collected the wild plants and berries on their way to quarry obsidian for tools. Today, the encroachment of trees is leading to the disappearance of montane grasslands and wet meadows in Bandelier.
mariposa lily
An abundance of colorful wildflowers inhabit the montane grasslands and meadows.

Photo by Sally King

Long-tailed weasels and ermine can also be found in these higher elevations.

Photo by Sally King

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Mailing Address:

Bandelier National Monument
15 Entrance RD

Los Alamos, NM 87544


(505) 672-3861 x517
Visitor Center front desk

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