NPS Geodiversity Atlas—Horseshoe Bend National Military Park, Alabama

Geodiversity refers to the full variety of natural geologic (rocks, minerals, sediments, fossils, landforms, and physical processes) and soil resources and processes that occur in the park. A product of the Geologic Resources Inventory, the NPS Geodiversity Atlas delivers information in support of education, Geoconservation, and integrated management of living (biotic) and non-living (abiotic) components of the ecosystem.

cover of gri report with photo of a river bend
In-depth geologic information is contained in the baseline inventory products of the Geologic Resources Inventory, see table below.


[Site Under Development]
Andrew Jackson’s success in the Battle of Horseshoe Bend led to his promotion to major general and set his military career on a path that would lead to eventually becoming the seventh president of the United States. In the same way that the Battle of Horseshoe Bend would set the political stage for the next 200 years of American history, a geologic history of more than 300 million years shaped the landscape, setting the physical stage for the battle itself.

Geologic Features and Processes

The following geologic features and processes are found within the park:

  • Fluvial Features and Processes

  • Brevard Zone

  • Cave Features and Processes
  • Paleontological Resources


Those varied geologic features and processes also create a multitude of resource management issues for park staff, including:

  • Climate Change
  • Seismic Activity
  • Mining and Minerals
Learn more about NPS programs for geologic resource management on these websites: [Geoconservation Programs] [Geohazards] [Fossil Stewardship] [Cave Resources Stewardship]

Regional Geology

Horseshoe Bend National Military Park is in the region where the eastern Blue Ridge Physiographic Province meets the Piedmont Physiographic Province and shares its geologic history and some characteristic geologic formations with a region that extends well beyond park boundaries.

Maps and Reports

geologic map of the park cropped thumbnail view

Related Articles

Horseshoe Bend National Military Park

National Park Service Geodiversity Atlas

The servicewide Geodiversity Atlas provides information on geoheritage and geodiversity resources and values within the National Park System. This information supports science-based geoconservation and interpretation in the NPS, as well as STEM education in schools, museums, and field camps. The NPS Geologic Resources Division and many parks work with National and International geoconservation communities to ensure that NPS abiotic resources are managed using the highest standards and best practices available.

For more information on the NPS Geodiversity Atlas, contact us.

Part of a series of articles titled National Park Service Geodiversity Atlas.

Horseshoe Bend National Military Park

Last updated: May 26, 2021