Northern Mariana Islands and the 19th Amendment

Northern Mariana Islands colored gray
Northern Mariana Islands colored gray, showing they were not among the 36 states to ratify the 19th Amendment. CC0

Women fought for the right to vote since the mid-1800s. They marched, protested, lobbied, and even went to jail. By the 1870s, women pressured Congress to vote on an amendment that would give them suffrage rights. This amendment became known as the 19th Amendment.

After decades of arguments for and against women's suffrage, Congress finally voted in favor of the 19th Amendment in 1919. This is called ratification. After Congress ratified the 19th Amendment, at least 36 states needed to vote in favor of it for it to become law.

Flag of the Northern Mariana Islands
Flag of the Northern Mariana Islands. CC0
The Northern Mariana Islands has been a territory of the United States since 1947 and a Commonwealth since 1978. They could not vote to ratify (or to reject) the 19th Amendment in 1919-1920.