New Jersey and the 19th Amendment

State of New Jersey depicted in purple, white, and gold (colors of the National Woman’s Party suffrage flag) – indicating New Jersey was one of the original 36 states to ratify the 19th Amendment. Courtesy Megan Springate.
State of New Jersey depicted in purple, white, and gold (colors of the National Woman’s Party suffrage flag) – indicating New Jersey was one of the original 36 states to ratify the 19th Amendment.

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Women first organized and collectively fought for suffrage at the national level in July of 1848. Suffragists such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott convened a meeting of over 300 people in Seneca Falls, New York. In the following decades, women marched, protested, lobbied, and even went to jail. By the 1870s, women pressured Congress to vote on an amendment that would recognize their suffrage rights. This amendment became known as the 19th Amendment.

After decades of arguments for and against women's suffrage, Congress finally voted in favor of the 19th Amendment in 1919. After Congress passed the 19th Amendment, at least 36 states needed to vote in favor of it for it to become law.

On February 9, 1920, New Jersey voted in favor of the Nineteenth Amendment. By August of 1920, 36 states (including New Jersey) approved the proposal and it became law, recognizing women’s suffrage rights all across the country.

Senator Joseph Freylinghuysen congratulates suffragist Betty Gram on New Jersey's ratification of the 19th Amendment, Feb. 1920. Library of Congress.
Senator Joseph Freylinghuysen congratulates suffragist Betty Gram on New Jersey's ratification of the 19th Amendment, Feb. 1920.

Library of Congress, Records of National Woman's Party Collection.
https://www.loc.gov/item/mnwp000387/

State flag of New Jersey
State flag of New Jersey. CC0

New Jersey Places of Women’s Suffrage: Paulsdale

Paulsdale was the birthplace and childhood home of Alice Paul, a noted suffragist. Paul organized a women’s suffrage parade in Washington, DC in 1913. She also founded the National Woman’s Party in 1916. Her home in New Jersey is a National Historic Landmark and is open to the public.

Black and white aerial photo of house in the country. Photo: by Robert M. Hunt, CC BY-SA 3.0,

Discover More Places of Ratification

Paulsdale is an important place in the story of ratification. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Sources used to make these state pages include: Ida Husted Harper's History of Woman Suffrage: 1900-1920, Volume 6 (1922), the National American Woman Suffrage Association papers (Library of Congress), and National Register nominations from the National Park Service.

Last updated: April 11, 2019