Minnesota and the 19th Amendment

Minnesota state flag
Minnesota state overlaid with the purple, white, and gold suffrage flag.


Women first organized and collectively fought for suffrage at the national level in July of 1848. Suffragists such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott convened a meeting of over 300 people in Seneca Falls, New York. In the following decades, women marched, protested, lobbied, and even went to jail. By the 1870s, women pressured Congress to vote on an amendment that would recognize their suffrage rights. This amendment became known as the 19th Amendment.

After decades of arguments for and against women's suffrage, Congress finally voted in favor of the 19th Amendment in 1919. After Congress passed the 19th Amendment, at least 36 states needed to vote in favor of it for it to become law. In August of 1920, 36 states ratified the 19th Amendment, recognizing women’s right to vote.

On September 8, 1919, Minnesota voted in favor of the Nineteenth Amendment. By August of 1920, 36 states (including Minnesota) ratified the amendment, giving women the right to vote.

Minnesota state flag
Minnesota state flag. CC0

Minnesota Places of Women’s Suffrage: The First Presbyterian Church

Founded in the mid-1800s, the church became a gathering space for residents in the small town of Hastings. In 1881, over a dozen women formed the Minnesota Woman Suffrage Association (MWSA). The women distributed literature about suffrage at public events throughout the state. In the years before the passage of the 19th Amendment, the MWSA organized public demonstrations, including a march through the city of Minneapolis in 1914. The church is listed on the National Register.

Brick church with two steeples. Photo: by McGhiever, CC BY-SA 4.0

Discover More Places of Ratification

The First Presbyterian Church is an important place in the story of ratification. It listed on the National Register of Historic Places

Last updated: April 11, 2019