Women fought for the right to vote since the mid-1800s. They marched, protested, lobbied, and even went to jail. By the 1870s, women pressured Congress to vote on an amendment that would give them suffrage rights. This amendment became known as the 19th Amendment.
As the capital of the US and the seat of the federal government, the District of Columbia was an ideal place to stage marches, parades, and protests. Organizations like the National Woman’s Party had a national headquarters in DC with local and regional chapters throughout the country. Having a headquarters in the capital allowed women to gather and plan demonstrations and pickets in places like in front of the White House or Capitol Building where politicians and government officials could see.